Engelhardt, Sam (Samuel Martin), 1912-1991.

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Samuel Martin Engelhardt, Jr., 1912-1991, received his early education in Shorter, Alabama. He attended McCallie Preparatory School in 1930 and Washington and Lee University from 1930 to 1932. In 1935 he married Sara Miller Bonner. They had four children: Samuel Martin III, Miller Bonner, Sara Marlow and Harriet Brice.

Engelhardt was a planter and ginner in Shorter, Alabama, as well as a prominent politician known for his strong stand on segregation. He began his political career in the Alabama House of Representatives, serving as a representative of Macon County from 1950 to 1954. From 1954 to 1958 he served as a state senator from Macon and Bullock Counties. His legislative accomplishments included authorship of the Alabama Placement Act, 1956; the Tuskegee Gerrymandering Act, 1957; and the Macon County Dissolution Act, 1957. Engelhardt ran unsuccessfully for lieutenant governor in 1958 and for governor in 1962. He was associated with the White Citizens Council.

From 1959 to 1963 Engelhardt served as the state highway director under Governor Patterson and as the chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee. Under Englehardt's directorship the Highway Department built, maintained, and repaired a large number of roads and bridges throughout the state. His administration was marred by an investigation and charges related to a highway striping contract. Engelhardt was also investigated by the U.S. Civil Service Commission for allegedly violating the Hatch Act by serving as both the highway director and chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee.

From the description of Papers 1888-1973. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122568550

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Engelhardt, Sam (Samuel Martin), 1912-1991. Papers 1888-1973. Alabama Department of Archives and History
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alabama. Governor (1959-1963 : Patterson). corporateBody
associatedWith Alabama. State Highway Department. corporateBody
associatedWith Andrews, George William, 1906-1972. person
associatedWith Azar, Ed. person
associatedWith Boykin, Frank W. (Frank William), 1885-1969. person
associatedWith Bradley, Robert P. person
associatedWith Craig, Walter H. person
associatedWith Democratic Party (Ala.) corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic Party (Ala.) State Executive Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Elliott, Carl, 1913-1999. person
associatedWith Hill, Lister, 1894-1984. person
associatedWith Huddleston, George, 1920-1971. person
associatedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978. person
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973. person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963. person
associatedWith Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968. person
associatedWith King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968. person
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. corporateBody
associatedWith Patterson, John, 1921 Sept. 27- person
associatedWith Reid, Ed. person
associatedWith Rodgers, Ed. person
associatedWith Selden, Armistead I. (Armistead Inge), b.1921- . person
associatedWith Sparkman, John, 1899-1985. person
associatedWith Tuskegee Civic Association. corporateBody
associatedWith White Citizens' Council (Montgomery, Ala.) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Southern States
Macon County (Ala.)
Tuskegee (Ala.)
Political Campaigns
State rights
White supremacy movements
Political parties
Roads--Design and construction
Alabama--Politics and government
Civil rights movement
African Americans--Civil rights
Highway department


Birth 1912

Death 1991

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