Samuel Martin Engelhardt, Jr., 1912-1991, received his early education in Shorter, Alabama. He attended McCallie Preparatory School in 1930 and Washington and Lee University from 1930 to 1932. In 1935 he married Sara Miller Bonner. They had four children: Samuel Martin III, Miller Bonner, Sara Marlow and Harriet Brice.
Engelhardt was a planter and ginner in Shorter, Alabama, as well as a prominent politician known for his strong stand on segregation. He began his political career in the Alabama House of Representatives, serving as a representative of Macon County from 1950 to 1954. From 1954 to 1958 he served as a state senator from Macon and Bullock Counties. His legislative accomplishments included authorship of the Alabama Placement Act, 1956; the Tuskegee Gerrymandering Act, 1957; and the Macon County Dissolution Act, 1957. Engelhardt ran unsuccessfully for lieutenant governor in 1958 and for governor in 1962. He was associated with the White Citizens Council.
From 1959 to 1963 Engelhardt served as the state highway director under Governor Patterson and as the chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee. Under Englehardt's directorship the Highway Department built, maintained, and repaired a large number of roads and bridges throughout the state. His administration was marred by an investigation and charges related to a highway striping contract. Engelhardt was also investigated by the U.S. Civil Service Commission for allegedly violating the Hatch Act by serving as both the highway director and chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee.
From the description of Papers 1888-1973. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122568550