Brookes, Iveson L., 1793-1865

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Baptist clergyman and planter, of Hamburg (Aiken Co.), S.C.

From the description of Papers, 1831-1888. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19312887

Baptist minister, educator and planter; born in N.C.; plantations in Jasper and Jones counties, Ga., and Edgefield County, S.C., and elsewhere; 1819 graduate of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; employed overseers to manage plantations while working as minister and educator, in North Carolina, and Georgia.

From the description of Iveson L. Brookes papers, 1792-1884. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 28418787

Baptist clergyman.

From the description of Family papers, 1839-1884. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86118805

Iveson Lewis Brookes, teacher, Baptist minister, and planter, was born in Rockingham County, N.C. Brookes, a 1819 graduate of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C., amassed, through marriage and purchase, considerable holdings of land and slaves in Jasper and Jones counties in Georgia and Edgefield County and other locations in South Carolina. He also worked in schools for much of his life (teacher at Greensboro Academy, Greensboro, N.C., 1819; rector of Eatonton Academy, Eatonton, Ga., 1820s; principal of Penfield Female Academy, Penfield, Ga., 1840s), employing overseers to manage his plantations while he taught and preached at various Baptist churches. He was also active in national and local Baptist affairs and was a staunch defender of slavery.

From the description of Iveson L. Brookes papers, 1785-1868. WorldCat record id: 22377223

Iveson L. Brookes was a Baptist clergyman and planter, of Hamburg (Aiken County), South Carolina.

From the guide to the Iveson L. Brookes papers, 1817-1888 and undated, (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)

Iveson Lewis Brookes was born in Rockingham County, N.C., in 1793, one of five sons of Jonathan and Annie Lewis Brookes.

At some point, Brookes's parents moved to Caswell County, N.C. Brookes began his studies at the University of North Carolina in 1816 and received an A.B. degree in 1819. While in school, he preached in local Baptist churches, particularly at the Mount Carmel Baptist Church near Chapel Hill. After graduation, Brookes taught briefly at Greensboro Academy in Greensboro, N.C., and then, employed by the Itinerant Board of the Baptist Church, left North Carolina for a domestic mission tour through South Carolina.

In 1821, Brookes became rector of Eatonton Academy in Eatonton, Ga. On 22 September 1822, he married Lucine Walker. In 1831, their son, Walker I. Brookes, inherited plantation land and slaves in Jasper and Jones counties, Ga., from his mother's family. Brookes managed this property as guardian for his son until 1846. Sometime in early 1830s, presumably following the death of his first wife, Brookes took a second wife, Sarah J. Myers, widow of James Myers. Sarah brought to the marriage plantation property in Edgefield County, S.C. About 1831, Brookes seems to have moved to Woodville, located just outside Hamburg in Aiken County, S.C., where he lived when not visiting one or the other of his plantations.

In 1842, Brookes was named principal of the Penfield Female Academy in Penfield, Ga. By 1845, however, he was back in Woodville, contemplating opening an academy there. These plans never came to fruition, and Brookes spent the rest of his life managing various properties and preaching in various churches. His plantation holdings must have been considerable; an 1861 list includes the names of 66 slaves who appear to have been employed on one of his properties.

Brookes was active in local and national Baptist affairs and vocal in defending the institution of slavery. In 1850, he published A Defense of the South Against the Reproaches and Incroachments of the North: In Which Slavery is shown to be an Institution of God (available in the Southern Pamphlets Collection, Rare Book Collection), a pamphlet that justifies slavery on biblical grounds.

Besides his son Walker, Brookes appears to have fathered at least four daughters. Evidence of their activities is sketchy in these papers, as is information on the fate of his wives. Brookes died in 1865.

From the guide to the Iveson L. Brookes Papers, 1785-1868, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Brookes, Iveson L., 1793-1865. Family papers, 1839-1884. South Carolina Newspaper Project
referencedIn O'Neall, John Belton, 1793-1863. John Belton O'Neall papers, 1815-1953. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Brookes, Iveson Lewis, 1793-1865. Papers, 1831-1888. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Johnson, William Bullein, 1782-1862. William Bullein Johnson papers, 1848-1922. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Johnson Female University (Anderson, S.C.). Records, 1851-1859. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Abolition & emancipation [microform]. Part. 6, Papers of William Wilberforce, William Smith, Iveson Brookes, Francis Corbin and related records from the Rare Books, Manuscript and Special Collections Library, Duke University. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Iveson L. Brookes papers, 1817-1888 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Iveson L. Brookes Papers, 1785-1868 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Furman, Richard, 1755-1825. Richard Furman papers, 1774-1823. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Brookes, Iveson L., 1793-1865. Iveson L. Brookes papers, 1792-1884. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Roberts, John M. (John Mitchell), 1775-1822. Letter, 1820 June 8 (High Hills of Santee, S.C.) to Iveson L. Brookes. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Bennett, Robert B. Iveson Lewis Brookes: barometer of antebellum America ; 1986 Apr. 30 : [typescript] / Robert B. Bennett, Jr. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Brookes, Iveson L., 1793-1865. Iveson L. Brookes papers [addition to] 1863 Dec. 19 & 1864 Sept. 30. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Brookes, Iveson L., 1793-1865. Iveson L. Brookes papers, 1785-1868. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bennett, Robert B. person
associatedWith Brookes family. family
associatedWith Brookes family. family
associatedWith Brookes family. family
associatedWith Brookes, Harriet Estes person
associatedWith Brookes, Walker J. person
associatedWith Brooks family family
associatedWith Brooks family. family
associatedWith Brooks family. family
associatedWith Church, Pharcellus, 1801-1886. person
correspondedWith Confederate States of America. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Eatonton Academy (Eatonton, Ga.) corporateBody
associatedWith Estes, E. A. person
associatedWith Furman, Richard, 1755-1825. person
associatedWith Furman University corporateBody
associatedWith Greensboro Academy (Greensboro, N.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Harris family. family
correspondedWith Johnson Female University (Anderson, S.C.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Johnson, William Bullein, 1782-1862. person
correspondedWith Lawton Joseph A. person
associatedWith Lewis family. family
associatedWith Manly, Basil, 1798-1868. person
associatedWith Myers, James, d. ca. 1829. person
correspondedWith O'Neall, John Belton, 1793-1863. person
associatedWith Penfield Female Academy (Penfield, Ga.) corporateBody
associatedWith Polk, James K. (James Knox), 1795-1849 person
correspondedWith Roberts, John M. (John Mitchell), 1775-1822. person
associatedWith Rountree, Jesse, d. 1814. person
correspondedWith South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company corporateBody
associatedWith Tillman, Benjamin R. (Benjamin Ryan), 1847-1918. person
associatedWith Tillman, Benjamin Ryan, 1803-1849. person
associatedWith University of North Carolina (1793-1962) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Confederate States of America
Washington (D.C.)
Georgia
Jones County (Ga.)
South Carolina
Nashville (Tenn.)
Georgia
South Carolina
Edgefield County (S.C.)
Rome (Ga.)
Southern States
South Carolina
Confederate States of America
Southern States
Jasper County (Ga.)
Georgia
South Carolina
South Carolina
Washington (D.C.)
Fairfield County (S.C.)
Southern States
White Sulpher Springs (Va.)
Rome (Ga.)
North Carolina
Macon (Ga.)
South Carolina--Aiken County
Edgefield County (S.C.)
Subject
Schools--History--19th century
Cotton
Cotton growing--South Carolina
Corn
Slavery
Baptists--History--19th century
Cotton growing
Education, Higher--History--19th century
Teachers--History--19th century
Education--History--19th century
Baptists--Clergy--History--19th century
Baptists--Clergy
Agriculture
Baptists
War--Economic aspects
Women--Education--History--19th century
Race relations
Baptists--South Carolina
Plantation management
Railroads
Families--Social life and customs
Plantations
Occupation
Clergy--Georgia
Function

Person

Birth 1793

Death 1865

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