Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589

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Catherine de Medicis was born in Florence, Italy, as Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de' Medici, the daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino, and Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne, countess of Boulogne. She was queen consort of France from 1547 to 1559 as the wife of King Henry II of France. After her husbands death in 1559 she was appointed regent for her underage sons. She ruled in that capacity from 1560 to 1574. She is well known for her role in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of 1572, in which thousands of Huguenots were butchered in Paris and throughout France. She died on 5 January 1589 at Château de Blois in France.

From the description of Catherine de Medicis letter, 1571. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367891036

Catherine de Medicis was queen consort of France from 1547 to 1559 as the wife of King Henry II of France.

Catherine de Medicis was born in Florence, Italy, as Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de' Medici, the daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino, and Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne, countess of Boulogne. She was queen consort of France from 1547 to 1559 as the wife of King Henry II of France. After her husbands death in 1559 she was appointed regent for her underage sons. She ruled in that capacity from 1560 to 1574. She is well known for her role in the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre of 1572, in which thousands of Huguenots were butchered in Paris and throughout France. She died on 5 January 1589 at Château de Blois in France.

From the guide to the Catherine de Medicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589 letter, 1571, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature letter : Saint Germain, to Sebastien de L'Aubespine, Bishop of Limoges and ambassador to Spain, 1561 Nov. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Van Dyke, Henry, 1852-1933. Henry van Dyke family papers, 1694-1963 (bulk 1840-1950s). Princeton University Library
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Catherine de Medicis letter, 1571. American Primers
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to letter : Boulogne, to M. Du Croc, Ambassador of Charles IX to Scotland, 1572 June 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Este, Ippolito d', 1509-1572. Lettere d'Ippolito d'este cardinal di Ferrara : manuscript, [ca. 1650]. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to letter : Paris, to M. de Maugiron, lieutenant-governor of Dauphin é, 1562 May 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letter signed : to her grand-son, Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, [after 1562]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph post-script signed to letter : Vincennes, to M. de Lansac, French ambassador at Trent, 1563 Mar. 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Letter signed : Fontainebleau, to Francesco I de'Medici (as Prince), 1571 Aug. 04. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine, of Austria, Duchess of Savoy, 1567-1597. Autograph letter signed : Turin, to her grand-mother Catherine de Medici, 1585 Oct. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to order : to Nicolas Moles, superintendent of her property, 1580 Nov. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Souvenirs, anecdotes et pensées diverses, ou, Morale de l'histoire et des philosophes, 1770 [i.e., ca. 1794-1795]. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to authorization : Paris, to the Marquis de Pizany, ambassador to Rome, 1587 Apr. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fénelon, Bertrand de Salignac de La Mothe-, d. 1589. Autograph letter signed : London, to Catherine de Medici, 1571 Apr. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Letter, 1562, May 9, to Mon cousin. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph post-script signed, (7 lines) to letter : Blois, to François de Bourbon, Dauphin d'Auvergne, 1581 Mar. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to letter : Paris, to the Cardinal de Santa Croce, 1577 Dec. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine, of Portugal, d. 1618. Autograph letter signed : to Catherine de Medici, 1580 Apr. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Catalogue de la bibliothèque de Catherine de Medicis, [between 1850 and 1869?]. Grolier Club
creatorOf Fénelon, Bertrand de Salignac de La Mothe- d. 1589. Collection of autograph letters (including some contemporary copies) : to La Mothe Fénelon by Catherine de Medici, Charles IX, Henry III, Mary (Stuart) Queen of Scots, and others, from 1560 to 1587. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catalina, Reina consorte de Enrique II, Rey de Francia. Lettera al Comte de Villachiara. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
creatorOf Henry III, King of France, 1551-1589. Autograph letter signed : Aunay, to his mother, Catherine de Medici, Duc d'Orleans, 1569 Mar. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Anne, Queen, consort of Louis XIII, King of France, 1601-1666. Four centuries of French history, 1494-1873. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letter signed : Chenonceau, to the Duke de Joyeuse, 1586 Sept. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letter signed : Paris, to Pope Gregory XIII, 1584 Sept. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Margherita Paleologa, Duchess of Mantua, 1510-1566. Papers of Margherita Paleologa, Marchioness of Monferrato [manuscript], 1559-1562. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. [Letters and documents] University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letter signed : to the queen of Navarre, Jeanne d'Albret, [1570 Nov. 7]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Isabel, Queen Consort of Philip II, King of Spain, 1544-1568. Autograph letter signed : to her mother, Catherine de Médicis, [no year] Sept 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph subscription and signature to letter : Laon, to her husband, Henry II, 1552 July 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to letter : Paris, to Oratio Rucellai, 1588 Feb. 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. letter, 1571. American Primers
creatorOf France. Sovereign. Selection of accounts of the households of various French sovereigns, 1554-1594. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Naissance des enfants du Roy Henry de bonne memoyre : manuscript. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to letter : Paris, to the Count de Lude, 1563 Dec. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874,. Autograph collection : manuscript, [14--]-1802. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Letter signed : Fontainebleau, to Mme. la Sénéschalle d'Agenais, 1572 May 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph subscription and signature to letter : Plessis-les-Tours, to the Seneschal d'Agenois, [1551] May 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Il gouernamento dí Caterína de Medící, regina dí Francía : ms., [16--]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to letter : Rouen, to the chamberlain Rostaing, 1562 Nov. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letter signed : Nantes, to the Duke Cosimo of Tuscany, 1569 Feb. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to letter : Blois, to Oratio Rucellai, 1588 Sept. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. [Document] 1561 May 7 / Catherine. Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Guzmán de Silva, Diego. Draft of a letter : place not specified, to Catherine de Medici, ca. 1564-1565. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catholic Church. Horae beatae Mariae virginis (use of Paris) : manuscript, [ca. 1515]. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to letter : Blois, to M. Du Croc, Ambassador of Charles IX to Scotland, 1572 Apr. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letter signed : to the Viscount de Turenne, [after 1577]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to letter : Rouen, to the Seneschal d'Agenois, [1551] Oct. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to letter : St. Germain, to M. de Noailles, Ambassador to England from Charles IX, 1559 Aug. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letter signed : to M. de Villeroy, [ca. 1588]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Sainctes, Claude de, 1525-1591. Mélange de pieces [manuscript], ca. 1575-ca. 1585. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Album of French royal documents and portraits : manuscript, 1541-1832. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Este, Ippolito d', 1509-1572. Lettere d'Ippolito d'este cardinal di Ferrara : manuscript, [ca. 1650]. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letter signed : to Antoinette de Bourbon, [ca. 1560 June]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph subscription and signature to letter : Paris, to Guglielmo de Gonzaga, 1587 May 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph post-script signed, to letter : to the Duke of Tuscany, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph inscription and signature to letter : Amboise, to the Seneschal d'Agenois, 1551 Apr. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to letter : Chenonceau, to the Cardinal de Santa Croce, 1586 Aug. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letter signed : to the Duchess de Montpensier, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signature to letter : Paris, to the Cardinal de Santa Croce, 1582 June 9?. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letter signed : Limoges, to her son, the King, Charles IX, 1569 June 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Marguerite, Queen, consort of Henry IV, King of France, 1553-1615. Autograph letter signed : to her mother, Catherine de Medicis, [n.d. (1586)]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Carafa, Carlo, ca. 1517-1561. Strozzi transcript of Istruzione e lettere toccante il principio della rottura trà papa Paolo IV e l'imperatore, 1555-1561, 17th or 18th century. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letter signed : Paris, to the Duchess of Brunswick, 1581 Oct. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letters signed (8) : to her daughter Elizabeth, Queen of Spain. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph subscription and signature to letter : Orcamp, to the Grand Duke George of Hesse, 1567 Aug. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Letter, 1571 Feb. 3. American Primers
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph signatures to 35 letters : to La Mothe Fénelon, French ambassador to England, 1567 June 11 to 1574 July 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Letter, 1571. Brigham Young University, Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph letter signed : Cognac, to her son, 1587 Jan. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Catherine de Medicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589 letter, 1571 L. Tom Perry Special CollectionsLiterary Manuscripts
creatorOf Catherine de Médicis, Queen, consort of Henry II, King of France, 1519-1589. Autograph subscription and signature to letter : Bourgeuil, to her son, King Henry III, 1580 Apr. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf John I, Duke of Braganza, d. 1582. Autograph subscription and signature to letter : Almeria, to Catherine de Medici, 1580 Apr. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bibliothèque nationale de France. Département des manuscrits. corporateBody
associatedWith Bourbon, Antoinette de, dowager duchess of Guise, person
associatedWith Bourbon, François de, Dauphin d'Auvergne, person
correspondedWith Carafa, Carlo, ca. 1517-1561. person
associatedWith Catherine, of Austria, Duchess of Savoy, 1567-1597. person
associatedWith Catherine, of Portugal, d. 1618. person
associatedWith Catholic Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, 1562-1630, person
associatedWith Charles IX, King of France, 1550-1574, person
associatedWith Cosimo I, Grand-Duke of Tuscany, 1519-1574. person
associatedWith Du Crocq, Philibert, ca. 1515-ca. 1587, person
associatedWith Elizabeth, of France, Queen, consort of Philip IV, King of Spain, 1602-1644, person
associatedWith Este, Ippolito d', 1509-1572. person
associatedWith Fénelon, Bertrand de Salignac de La Mothe- d. 1589. person
associatedWith Francesco I, Grand-Duke of Tuscany, 1541-1587, person
associatedWith France. Sovereign. corporateBody
associatedWith Georg II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, 1547-1596, person
associatedWith Gonzaga, Guglielmo de, Duke of Mantua, person
associatedWith Gregory XIII, Pope, 1502-1585, person
associatedWith Guzmán de Silva, Diego. person
associatedWith Henry III, King of France, 1551-1589, person
associatedWith Henry II, King of France, 1519-1559, person
associatedWith Isabel, Queen Consort of Philip II, King of Spain, 1544-1568. person
associatedWith Jeanne, d'Albret, Queen of Navarre, 1528-1572, person
associatedWith John I, Duke of Braganza, d. 1582. person
associatedWith L'Aubespine, Sebastien de, person
associatedWith Lude, comte de, person
correspondedWith Margherita Paleologa, Duchess of Mantua, 1510-1566. person
associatedWith Marguerite, Queen, consort of Henry IV, King of France, 1553-1615. person
associatedWith Maugiron, M. de, person
associatedWith M. de Lansac, person
associatedWith M. de Villeroy, person
associatedWith Moles, Nicolas, person
associatedWith Noailles, M. de, person
associatedWith Pizany, marquis de, person
associatedWith Pothon de Raffin, François, person
associatedWith Rostaing, person
associatedWith Rucellai, Oratio, person
associatedWith Seneschal d'Agenois, person
associatedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874, person
associatedWith Van Dyke, Henry, 1852-1933. person
associatedWith Villachiara, Comte de. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
France
France
France
France
France
France
Subject
Queens--Correspondence
Queens--France--History
Correspondence
Queens--Biography
Private libraries--16th century--Catalogs
Material Types
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1519-04-15

Death 1589-01-05

French

French, Middle (ca.1400-1600)

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