Hart, John, c. 1711-1779

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John Hart (c. 1711 – May 11, 1779) was a public official and politician in colonial New Jersey who served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and signed the Declaration of Independence. He is thus considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

Raised in Hopewell Township, New Jersey, Hart was elected to the Hunterdon County Board of Chosen Freeholders in 1750. He was first elected to the New Jersey Colonial Assembly in 1761 and served there until 1771. He was appointed to the local Committee of safety and the Committee of correspondence, and became a judge on the Court of Common Pleas. When New Jersey formed a revolutionary assembly (or provincial congress) in 1776, he was elected to it and served as its vice president. Prior to June 1776, the New Jersey delegation in the First Continental Congress was opposed to independence. As a result, the entire delegation was replaced, and Hart was one of those selected for the Second Continental Congress. He joined in time to vote for and sign the Declaration of Independence. He served until August of that year, then was elected speaker of the newly formed New Jersey General Assembly.

On November 7, 1778, Hart returned to Hopewell from the Assembly in Trenton. Two days later, he indicated that he was too ill with "gravel" (kidney stones) to return. He continued to suffer from the painful affliction for more than six months until his death on May 11, 1779, at age 65. He is buried at the Old Baptist Meeting House, to which he had donated land.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Henry A. Willard II Collection, 1743-1888, (bulk 1770-1840) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Rosenbach, A. S. W. (Abraham Simon Wolf), 1876-1952,. Signers of the Declaration of Independence autograph collection, 1756-1818. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Clark, Abraham, 1726-1794. ALS, 1778 June 1, near Springfield, N.J., to John Hart, Princeton, N.J. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf New Jersey. Provincial Congress. Draft, 1776 Mar. 2, Trenton, to Abraham Vanbuskirk. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn DeHart, John, fl. 1764, 1774. Correspondence of John De Hart [manuscript] 1764,1784. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf New Jersey. An Act to exempt Isaac Collins, and four Workmen to be employed in his Printing-Office, from actual Service in the Militia : manuscript, 1777 Dec. 9, Trenton. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Hart, John, 1711?-1779. John Hart papers, 1761-1778 1777-1778. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Willard, Henry A. (Henry Augustus), 1902-. Henry A. Willard II collection, 1743-1888 (bulk 1770-1840). Library of Congress
creatorOf New Jersey. Bank note, 1776 March 25. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library
creatorOf Hart, John, 1711?-1779. Papers of John Hart, 1767-1776. Library of Congress
referencedIn Bamberger, Louis, 1855-1944,. Autograph collection, 1683-1929. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Southard, Samuel L. (Samuel Lewis), 1787-1842. Political papers, 1761-1926. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Descendants of John Hart, signer of the Declaration of Independence. New Jersey State Library
referencedIn Dearden, Robert R. (Robert Rowland),. Early American watermarks: collection, 1695-1937. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Hart, John, 1711?-1779. Legal document and bill, 1752 August 15-1776 February 20. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Hart, John, 1711?-1779. ADS, 1772 September 16, Hopewell, New Jersey. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf New Jersey. Committee of Safety. Warrant : New Brunswick, N.J., in favor of Joseph Holmes, 1776 Apr. 20. Rosenbach Museum & Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bamberger, Louis, 1855-1944, person
associatedWith Brookfield, Jacob. person
associatedWith Buck, John. person
associatedWith Cadwalader, Lambert, 1743-1823. person
associatedWith Clark, Abraham, 1726-1794. person
associatedWith Cooper, Edward. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Dearden, Robert R. (Robert Rowland), person
associatedWith DeHart, John, fl. 1764, 1774. person
associatedWith Drake, Jacob. person
associatedWith Dunham, Nehemiah. person
associatedWith Fleming, Edward. person
associatedWith Franklin, William, 1731-1813. person
associatedWith Graham, James. person
associatedWith Hall, Henry Bryan, fl. 1850-1900. person
associatedWith Hart, Daniel. person
associatedWith Holme, Benjamin. person
associatedWith McMurtie, John. person
associatedWith Mott, James, 1739-1823. person
associatedWith New Jersey. corporateBody
associatedWith New Jersey. corporateBody
associatedWith New Jersey. Committee of Safety. corporateBody
associatedWith New Jersey. Legislature. General Assembly. corporateBody
associatedWith New Jersey. Provincial Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith Peterson, Thomas. person
associatedWith Rosenbach, A. S. W. (Abraham Simon Wolf), 1876-1952, person
associatedWith Sebring, Roelof. person
associatedWith Smith, Thomas. person
associatedWith Smyth, John, 1722-1786. person
associatedWith Tallman, Peter. person
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
memberOf United States. Continental Congress corporateBody
associatedWith Van Dike, Jacob. person
associatedWith Willard, Henry A. (Henry Augustus), 1902- person
associatedWith Woodhull, William. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Hopewell NJ US
Hunterdon County NJ US
Subject
Bonds
Occupation
Delegates, U.S. Continental Congress
Jurists
Legislators
Politicians
Public officials
Activity

Person

Birth c. 1711

Death 1779-05-11

Male

Britons,

Americans

English

Information

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