Hart, John, 1711?-1779

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John Hart lived for most of his life in Hopewell Township, New Jersey where he worked as a farmer. The exact date of his birth is unknown, although most sources cite the year as 1711. It is believed that he was born in Stonington, Connecticut and moved to Hopewell with his parents at an early age. His father, Edward Hart, worked as a Justice of the Peace, public assessor, and farmer; he was also a commander of the New Jersey Blues, a corps of volunteers that served in the French-Canadian wars. Father and son worked together to build a successful farm, which John later inherited after his father's death in 1752. In 1739, John Hart married Deborah Scudder, daughter of Lt. Richard Scudder of Scudder's Falls; together the couple had thirteen children. By 1750, he was elected Freeholder for Hunterdon County, the highest elected office in the county. John Hart was becoming a leading member of his community. In 1775, he was appointed to the local Committee of Safety, the Committee of Correspondence, and a judge to the Court of Common Pleas. The following year Hart was elected to the newly formed Provincial Congress of New Jersey, and was sent as one of five delegates to represent the state at the 2nd Continental Congress. On July 4th, he and the other four delegates from New Jersey signed the Declaration of Independence.

From the description of John Hart papers, 1761-1778 1777-1778. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 53055459

At this time, brothers John and Daniel Hart were New Jersey farmers and owned a mill called Daniel Hart's mill. Benjamin Temple was John Hart's brother-in-law.

From the description of Legal document and bill, 1752 August 15-1776 February 20. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155866248

New Jersey delegate to U.S. Continental Congress, public official of New Jersey, and jurist.

From the description of Papers of John Hart, 1767-1776. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450790

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Willard, Henry A. (Henry Augustus), 1902-. Henry A. Willard II collection, 1743-1888 (bulk 1770-1840). Library of Congress
creatorOf New Jersey. Committee of Safety. Warrant : New Brunswick, N.J., in favor of Joseph Holmes, 1776 Apr. 20. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Hart, John, 1711?-1779. Papers of John Hart, 1767-1776. Library of Congress
creatorOf New Jersey. Bank note, 1776 March 25. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Dearden, Robert R. (Robert Rowland),. Early American watermarks: collection, 1695-1937. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Hart, John, 1711?-1779. ADS, 1772 September 16, Hopewell, New Jersey. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Hart, John, 1711?-1779. John Hart papers, 1761-1778 1777-1778. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn DeHart, John, fl. 1764, 1774. Correspondence of John De Hart [manuscript] 1764,1784. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf New Jersey. Provincial Congress. Draft, 1776 Mar. 2, Trenton, to Abraham Vanbuskirk. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Descendants of John Hart, signer of the Declaration of Independence. New Jersey State Library
creatorOf Rosenbach, A. S. W. (Abraham Simon Wolf), 1876-1952,. Signers of the Declaration of Independence autograph collection, 1756-1818. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Bamberger, Louis, 1855-1944,. Autograph collection, 1683-1929. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Clark, Abraham, 1726-1794. ALS, 1778 June 1, near Springfield, N.J., to John Hart, Princeton, N.J. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Hart, John, 1711?-1779. Legal document and bill, 1752 August 15-1776 February 20. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf New Jersey. An Act to exempt Isaac Collins, and four Workmen to be employed in his Printing-Office, from actual Service in the Militia : manuscript, 1777 Dec. 9, Trenton. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Henry A. Willard II Collection, 1743-1888, (bulk 1770-1840) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bamberger, Louis, 1855-1944, person
associatedWith Brookfield, Jacob. person
associatedWith Buck, John. person
associatedWith Cadwalader, Lambert, 1743-1823. person
associatedWith Clark, Abraham, 1726-1794. person
associatedWith Cooper, Edward. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Dearden, Robert R. (Robert Rowland), person
associatedWith DeHart, John, fl. 1764, 1774. person
associatedWith Drake, Jacob. person
associatedWith Dunham, Nehemiah. person
associatedWith Fleming, Edward. person
associatedWith Franklin, William, 1731-1813. person
associatedWith Graham, James. person
associatedWith Hall, Henry Bryan, fl. 1850-1900. person
associatedWith Hart, Daniel. person
associatedWith Holme, Benjamin. person
associatedWith McMurtie, John. person
associatedWith Mott, James, 1739-1823. person
associatedWith New Jersey. corporateBody
associatedWith New Jersey. corporateBody
associatedWith New Jersey. Committee of Safety. corporateBody
associatedWith New Jersey. Legislature. General Assembly. corporateBody
associatedWith New Jersey. Provincial Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith Peterson, Thomas. person
associatedWith Rosenbach, A. S. W. (Abraham Simon Wolf), 1876-1952, person
associatedWith Sebring, Roelof. person
associatedWith Smith, Thomas. person
associatedWith Smyth, John, 1722-1786. person
associatedWith Tallman, Peter. person
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Dike, Jacob. person
associatedWith Willard, Henry A. (Henry Augustus), 1902- person
associatedWith Woodhull, William. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New Jersey
New Jersey
Delegates, U.S. Continental Congress--New Jersey
Public officials--New Jersey
Legislators--New Jersey
Politicians--New Jersey


Birth 1711

Death 1779-05-11


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