Roberts, John G., Jr., 1955-

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John Glover Roberts Jr. (born January 27, 1955) is an American lawyer and jurist who serves as Chief Justice of the United States. Roberts has authored the majority opinion in several landmark cases, including Shelby County v. Holder, National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, King v. Burwell, and Department of Commerce v. New York. He has been described as having a conservative judicial philosophy but has shown a willingness to work with the Supreme Court's liberal bloc, and since the retirement of Anthony Kennedy in 2018 has come to be regarded as a key swing vote on the Court. Roberts presided over the impeachment trial of President Donald Trump. Roberts grew up in northwestern Indiana and was educated in Catholic schools. He studied history at Harvard College and then attended Harvard Law School, where he was managing editor of the Harvard Law Review. He served as a law clerk for Circuit Judge Henry Friendly and then-associate justice William Rehnquist before taking a position in the attorney general's office during the Reagan Administration. He went on to serve the Reagan administration and the George H. W. Bush administration in the Department of Justice and the Office of the White House Counsel, before spending 14 years in private law practice. During this time, he argued 39 cases before the Supreme Court. Notably, he represented 19 states in United States v. Microsoft Corp. In 2003, Roberts was appointed as a judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit by George W. Bush. During his two-year tenure on the D.C. Circuit, Roberts authored 49 opinions, eliciting two dissents from other judges, and authoring three dissents of his own. In 2005, Roberts was nominated to be an associate justice of the Supreme Court, initially to succeed the retiring Sandra Day O'Connor. When Rehnquist died before Roberts's confirmation hearings began, Bush instead nominated Roberts for Chief Justice and later appointed Samuel Alito as Associate Justice.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Arthur Machen collection of papers, 1900-[1947, 1910-1933 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Obama Inaugural Photograph Collection, 2009-197., 2009 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
creatorOf Records of the Office of Counsel to the President (Reagan Administration). 1/20/1981 - 1/20/1989. John Roberts' Subject Files, 1982 - 1986 Ronald Reagan Library
referencedIn Drake, Samuel Gardner, 1798-1875,. Sir Francis Drake documents, 1858-1860. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Papers of the Grew, Andrews, Norton, and Wigglesworth families, 1738-1884. Houghton Library
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1816 - 2011. Nomination of John G. Roberts, Jr., to be Chief Justice of the United States Center for Legislative Archives
referencedIn Records of the White House Counsel's Office (George W. Bush Administration), 1/20/2001 - 1/20/2009. Brett Kavanaugh's Files, 1/20/2001 - 1/20/2009 George W. Bush Library
referencedIn Records of the White House Photo Office (George W. Bush Administration). 1/20/2001 - 1/20/2009. Photographs Related to the George W. Bush Administration. 1/20/2001 - 1/20/2009. Swearing-In of Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts George W. Bush Library
creatorOf Records of the Office of Counsel to the President (Reagan Administration). 1/20/1981 - 1/20/1989. John Roberts' Chronological Files Ronald Reagan Library
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Relation Name
associatedWith Drake, Samuel Gardner, 1798-1875, person
associatedWith Georgetown University. School of Law corporateBody
correspondedWith Grew family. family
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Harvard College (1780- ) corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Harvard Law School corporateBody
associatedWith Kennerly, David Hume person
associatedWith Machen, Arthur, 1863-1947 person
associatedWith McNeely, Robert person
associatedWith Naythons, Matthew person
associatedWith Rehnquist, William H., 1924-2005 person
associatedWith United States. Court of Appeals (District of Columbia Circuit) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. President (1981-1989 : Reagan) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. President (1989-1993 : Bush) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Supreme Court corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Hamburg NY US
Buffalo NY US
Indiana IN US
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Birth 1955-01-27

English

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