Duke, Washington, 1820-1905

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Tobacco manufacturer and philanthropist, of Durham, N.C.

From the description of Washington Duke papers, 1764-1987. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19405939

From the description of Papers, 1764-1987, bulk 1873-1905. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 122569741

  • 1820, Dec. 20: Born eighth of ten children of Taylor and Dicey (Jones) Duke; Little River, Orange Co., N.C.
  • 1842: Married Mary Caroline Clinton
  • 1844: Sidney Taylor Duke born
  • 1846: Brodie Leonidas Duke born
  • 1847: Mary Caroline Clinton died
  • 1850s: Settled on 300 acres four miles north of Durham's Depot (Durham)
  • 1852: Married Artelia Roney, Alamance County
  • 1853: Mary Elizabeth Duke born
  • 1855: Benjamin Newton Duke born
  • 1856: James Buchanan Duke born
  • 1858: Sydney Taylor Duke died, typhoid
  • 1858: Artelia Roney Duke died, typhoid
  • 1864, April: Joined Confederate service
  • 1865, April: Taken prisoner, Richmond, Va.
  • 1868: Joined Republican Party
  • 1874: Moved family and business to Durham proper
  • 1878: W. Duke, Sons and Company established
  • 1880: Retired from tobacco business
  • 1890: Offered $85,000 to Trinity College to move from Randolph Co. to Durham, N.C.
  • 1896: Gave Trinity College $100,000 endowment to admit women as students
  • 1905, May 8: Died; buried in the family mausoleum at Maplewood Cemetery, Durham, N.C.
  • 1936: Remains removed to the Memorial Chapel of the Duke University Chapel along with those of sons, James Buchanan Duke and Benjamin Newton Duke

From the guide to the Washington Duke Papers, 1764-1987, (Duke University. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Kilgo, John C. (John Carlisle), 1861-1922. John C. Kilgo records and papers, 1888-1970 (bulk 1894-1920). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Stagg, Francis Asbury. Papers, 1857-1865. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Duke, Washington, 1820-1905. Papers, 1764-1987, bulk 1873-1905. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Duke Memorial. Duke Memorial records, 1929-1936. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Kilgo, John C. (John Carlisle), 1861-1922. Papers, 1891-1944. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Belvin, Rosa. Papers, 1800-1974. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Washington Duke Papers, 1764-1987 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Duke, Washington, 1820-1905. Washington Duke papers, 1764-1987. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Duke University. University Archives. University Archives Photographic Negative Collection, 1855-1995. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Stokes, Inez Duke (Angier). Papers, 1888-1975. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Duke, James Buchanan, 1856-1925. James Buchanan Duke papers, 1777-1990 (bulk 1890s-1930s). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Cox, James W. James W. Cox papers, 1741-1889 (bulk 1830s-1870s) [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Belvin, Rosa. person
associatedWith Cox, James W. person
associatedWith Duke family. family
associatedWith Duke family. family
associatedWith Duke Homestead (Durham, N.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Duke, James Buchanan, 1856-1925. person
associatedWith Duke Memorial. corporateBody
associatedWith Duke University. corporateBody
associatedWith Duke University. University Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Duke, Washington person
associatedWith Fidelity Bank corporateBody
associatedWith Kilgo, John C. (John Carlisle), 1861-1922. person
associatedWith Stagg, Francis Asbury. person
associatedWith Stokes, Inez Duke (Angier) person
associatedWith Trinity College (Durham, N.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Washington Duke person
associatedWith W. Duke, Sons & Co. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Durham (N.C.)
North Carolina
North Carolina
Durham (N.C.)
Duke Homestead (Durham, N.C.)
Subject
Tobacco industry
Industry
Textile industry
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1820-12-20

Death 1905-05-08

Information

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SNAC ID: 17595282