Cockburn, George, Sir, 1772-1853

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British naval officer.

From the description of Sir George Cockburn papers, 1788-1847 (bulk 1800-1820). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980033

Sir George Cockburn, British naval officer. Cockburn played a major role in the War of 1812, leading the capture and burning of Washington on August 24, 1814.

From the description of Sir George Cockburn manuscript material : 1 item, 1824 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122379527

From the guide to the Sir George Cockburn manuscript material : 1 item, 1824, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.)

Biographical Note

  • 1772: Born, England
  • 1781: Enlisted as captain's servant in British navy
  • 1786: First assignment to sea duty
  • 1793: Commissioned lieutenant
  • 1793 - 1802 : Commanded ship in Mediterranean under Horatio Nelson
  • 1808: Stationed in West Indies
  • 1809: Married cousin Mary Cockburn Stationed at Schelde River, Belgium Commander of naval forces on shore during British conquest of Martinique
  • 1810 - 1911 : Patrolled coasts of Spain and France
  • 1812: Promoted to rank of rear admiral
  • 1813: Blockaded American shipping in the Mid-Atlantic states; attacked American coastal fortifications; participated in the Battle of Bladensburg; coordinated, ordered, and participated in the burning of Washington, D.C.
  • 1815: Conveyed Napoleon to St. Helena
  • 1815 - 1816 : Governor of St. Helena
  • 1819: Promoted to rank of vice admiral
  • 1820 - 1846 : Member of British Parliament and Lord of the Admiralty
  • 1837: Promoted to rank of admiral
  • 1851: Promoted to rank of admiral of the fleet
  • 1853, Aug. 1: Died, (location unknown); buried in Kensal Rice Cemetery, Maida Vale, London, England

From the guide to the Sir George Cockburn Papers, 1788-1847, (bulk 1800-1820), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Robert Barrie was born May 5, 1774, in St Augustine, Florida, to Dr. Robert Barrie of Sanquhar, Scotland, and Dorothea (Dolly) Gardner. His father died a year later, and in 1784, Dolly moved her family back to Preston, England. She soon married textile manufacturer George Clayton.

On June 5, 1788, Barrie entered the Royal Navy and worked under his uncle Captain Alan Gardner. Two years later he was appointed midshipman on the Discovery for Captain George Vancouver's voyage to the Pacific. Upon return to England in 1795, Barrie was promoted quickly to lieutenant, then to commander in 1801, to captain of the Sloop Calypso in 1802, and served as captain of the Pomone between 1806 and 1811.

In 1812, Barrie became the captain of the HMS Dragon and commodore in charge of the British squadron. In this year he played an important role in the blockade of Chesapeake Bay and captured 85 American vessels. Barrie participated in many battles on the Atlantic coast during the War of 1812, including the British attack on the Penobscot River region in Maine in 1814.

After the war, Barrie married Julia Wharton Ingilby (c.1795-1836), daughter of Sir John Ingilby, in Warrington (Cheshire), England. They moved to France, and had four daughters and one son.

In January 1819, Barrie moved to Canada as the commissioner of the dockyard at Kingston, located on Point Frederick. There he commanded the inland waterways of the Canadas, such as the Great Lakes and the port of Quebec, and prepared the navy for possible future engagements with the United States. He was called back to England in 1825, and was promoted to commodore first class before returning to Kingston in 1827. He relocated permanently to England in 1834, when the dockyard establishment was broken up, and, shortly after, was knighted Knight Commander of the Hanoverian Order (KCH) by King William IV, promoted to Rear Admiral in 1837, and made Knight Commander of Bath (KCB) in 1840. Barrie died on June 7, 1841, in Swarthdale, England.

From the guide to the Robert Barrie papers, Barrie, Robert papers, 1812-1831, 1814-1815, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Henry Goulburn papers, Goulburn, Henry, papers, 1813-1826, 1814 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn B. A. G. Fuller autograph collection, 1620-1920. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Bullard, Mary Ricketson. Mary Ricketson Bullard papers on Cumberland Island, Ga., 1972-1993. Georgia Historical Society
creatorOf Cockburn, George, Sir, 1772-1853. Sir George Cockburn manuscript material : 1 item, 1824 New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Brenton, Edward Pelham, 1774-1839. Brenton correspondence, 1819-1836. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Barrie, Robert, 1774-1841. Robert Barrie papers, 1812-1831, bulk 1814-1815. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Sir George Cockburn Papers, 1788-1847, (bulk 1800-1820) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Robert Barrie papers, Barrie, Robert papers, 1812-1831, 1814-1815 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Goulburn, Henry, 1784-1856. Henry Goulburn papers, 1813-1826, bulk 1814. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Viscounts Melville papers, Melville, Viscounts papers, 1600-1851, 1780-1830 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Talfourd, Thomas Noon, Sir, 1795-1854. Letter : n.p., to Sir George Cockburn, n.p., 1843 May 12. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Sir George Cockburn manuscript material : 1 item, 1824 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
referencedIn John W. Croker papers, Croker, John W. papers, 1765-1860, 1765-1857 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Brenton correspondence, 1819-1836 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Norwood, Olin. Olin Norwood collection, 1621-1945. Florida State University
referencedIn Papers, 1808-1888. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Brenton, Edward Pelham, 1774-1839. Brenton correspondence, 1819-1836. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Cockburn, George, Sir, 1772-1853. Sir George Cockburn papers, 1788-1847 (bulk 1800-1820). Library of Congress
referencedIn Moore, John. Letters, 1803-1843. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Virginia. Militia. Orderly books of the Virginia Militia, War of 1812, 1813-1814. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Viscounts Melville papers, 1600-1851, bulk 1780-1830. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Moore, John. Letters, 1803-1843. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Barrie, Robert, 1774-1841 person
correspondedWith Bertrand, Henri-Gratien, comte, 1773-1844 person
associatedWith Brenton, Edward Pelham, 1774-1839. person
associatedWith Bullard, Mary Ricketson. person
correspondedWith Cochrane, Alexander Forrester Inglis, Sir, 1758-1832 person
associatedWith Croker, John Wilson, 1780-1857 person
correspondedWith Daschkoff, Andreas, Graf person
associatedWith Denmark. Søværnet. corporateBody
associatedWith Ferdinand VII, King of Spain, 1784-1833. person
associatedWith Fuller, B. A. G. (Benjamin Apthorp Gould), 1879-1956 person
correspondedWith Gladstone, W. E. (William Ewart), 1809-1898 person
associatedWith Goulburn, Henry, 1784-1856. person
associatedWith Great Britain. Royal Navy corporateBody
correspondedWith Haydon, Benjamin Robert, 1786-1846 person
associatedWith Marine Society (London, England). corporateBody
correspondedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831 person
correspondedWith Montholon, Charles-Tristan, comte de, 1783-1853 person
associatedWith Moore, John. person
associatedWith Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821. person
correspondedWith Nelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount, 1758-1805 person
associatedWith Norwood, Olin. person
correspondedWith Pinkney, William, 1764-1822 person
associatedWith Talfourd, Thomas Noon, Sir, 1795-1854. person
associatedWith Virginia. Militia. corporateBody
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Spain
Cumberland Island (Ga.)
Great Britain
France
Mediterranean Region
Caribbean Area
Caribbean Area
South America
Spain
Great Britain
France
Middle Atlantic States
America
Washington (D.C.)
West Indies
Chesapeake Bay (Md. and Va.)
Indian Ocean
Bermuda Islands
Bermuda Islands
United States
Middle Atlantic States
Canada
Mediterranean Region
Indian Ocean
United States
Washington (D.C.)
South America
West Indies
United States
Subject
Ship's papers--19th century
Napoleonic Wars, 1800-1815--Naval operations, British
Ship's papers--18th century
Occupation
Naval officers, British
Function

Person

Birth 1772-04-22

Death 1853-08-19

English

Information

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