Smith, Hugh M. (Hugh McCormick), 1865-1941

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Hugh McCormick Smith (1865-1941) was born on November 21, 1865, in Washington, D.C. He studied and published on herpetology and ichthyology for the Smithsonian in the United States and Asia. He took part in the Bureau of Fisheries Philippines voyage of the Albatross 1907-1910. As Director of the Philippine Expedition, Smith was responsible for planning the itinerary, assembling the equipment, and selecting the scientific crew. A native of Washington, D.C., Smith joined the U.S. Fish Commission in 1886 and spent over forty years in government service. During the time of the Expedition, he was the Deputy Commissioner of the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries (formerly U.S. Fish Commission.) While the marine sciences and natural history remained his main interest throughout his life, he received an M.D. degree in 1888 and taught on the medical faculty of Georgetown University until 1905. Smith visited 22 countries to study their marine resources and fisheries, and the extensive collections obtained during these expeditions are now deposited in various museums, including the Smithsonian. Among his numerous publications, The Fresh Water Fishes of Siam, or Thailand (1945), a classic work in ichthyology, was the result of his decade-long study of native fishes in Thailand, where he lived from 1923 to 1935. In honor of Smith's contributions to natural history, 25 species of fishes, birds, reptiles, amphibians, invertebrates, and plants were named for him. He died on September 28, 1941.

Smithsonian Institution Archives Field Book Project: Person : Description : rid_318_pid_EACP315

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Hench, Philip S., 1896-1965. Philip S. Hench Walter Reed Yellow Fever Collection, 1806-1995, bulk 1863-1974 Historical Collections, Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, University of Virginia
creatorOf Smith, Hugh M. (Hugh McCormick), 1865-1941. [Ichthyological papers / Smith] The Field Museum Library, The Field Museum of Natural History
referencedIn Clark, George A., 1864-1918. Fur seal controversy papers, 1897-1918. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Carter, Henry Rose, 1852-1925 person
associatedWith Clark, George A., 1864-1918. person
associatedWith Hench, Philip S. (Philip Showalter), 1896-1965 person
associatedWith Kean, Jefferson Randolph, 1860-1950 person
associatedWith Lazear, Jesse William, 1866-1900 person
associatedWith Reed, Walter, 1851-1902 person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country


Birth 1865-11-21

Death 1941-09-28




Ark ID: w61r89cd

SNAC ID: 1672450