Centralverein Deutscher Staatsbürger Jüdischen Glaubens

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The Central-Verein deutscher Staatsbürger jüdischen Glaubens (CV) was founded by German Jewish intellectuals on 26 March 1893 in Berlin, with the intention of opposing the rise of Anti-Semitism in the German Empire. Shortly after its founding it had 1,420 members and in 1926 approximately 60,000 members.

The CV's aim was to unify German citizens of Jewish faith, to fight for the Jews' rights as citizens and to combat rising Anti-Semitism. Commitment to the German Nation was an important part of the CV's agenda, the members saw themselves primarily as German citizens with their own religion. Consequently, the CV repudiated Zionism.

Beginning in 1922, the CV published a weekly newspaper, called C.V.-Zeitung ( C.V.- Newspaper ) and continued fighting the rising Anti-Semitic threat. Through publications and conversations with Reichspråsident Paul von Hindenburg and economic leaders the CV tried to call attention to the threat.

In 1928 the 'Büro Wilhelmstrasse' (Wilhelmstrasse Office) was created with the instrumental support of Alfred Wiener. It documented Nazi activities and issued anti-Nazi materials until 1933, when Hitler came to power.

During the Nazi era, the CV was forced to change its name several times. From 1936 onwards it was called 'Jüdischer Central Verein' (Jewish Central Association). After the Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass or November Pogrom) in 1938 the CV had to stop publishing its newspaper and the association was prohibited a short time later.

From the guide to the Central-Verein deutscher Staatsbürger jüdischen Glaubens: records (microfilm), 1903-1938, (Wiener Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Goldschmidt, Fritz: Diaries and eyewitness testimony (microfilm), 1933-1939 Wiener Library
creatorOf Central-Verein deutscher Staatsbürger jüdischen Glaubens: records (microfilm), 1903-1938 Wiener Library
referencedIn The Wiener Library - Microfilm collection, 1687-1979 Leo Baeck Institute Library
referencedIn Werner and Gisella Cahnman Collection, 1717-2004, bulk 1940-1965 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Erika Guetermann Collection, 1920-1967 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
referencedIn Eva Reichmann Collection, 1897-1996 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
referencedIn Margarete Muehsam Collection, 1913-1975 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
creatorOf Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands. [Politische Flugblätter, 1914-1924]. Northwestern University
referencedIn Leo Wolff Collection, 1895-1939, bulk 1930s Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Pinkus Family Collection, 1500s-1994, bulk 1725-1994 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Rudolf Apt Collection, 1897-1974 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
referencedIn Emigration Collection, 1864-1995 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Apt, Rudolf person
associatedWith Cahnman, Werner Jacob, 1902-1980 person
associatedWith Cohen, David person
associatedWith Goldschmidt Fritz 1893 person
associatedWith Guetermann, Erika person
associatedWith Muehsam-Edelheim, Margarete T. (née Meseritz), 1891-1975 person
associatedWith Pinkus family family
associatedWith Reichmann, Eva (nee Jungmann), 1897-1998 person
associatedWith Wiener, Alfred, 1885-1964 person
associatedWith Wiener Library corporateBody
associatedWith Wolff, Leo, 1870-1958 person
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