Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825

Alternative names

Hide Profile

American general and senator.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Baltimore, to Jas. V. Henry, Esq., 1818 Jan. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270498398

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Cambridge, to "Gentlemen", 1788 June 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270498983

American politician.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Charleston, to Harry Clymer, in Philadelphia, 1789 March 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270499097

Baltimore lawyer and politician.

From the description of Letters received by Robert Goodloe Harper [manuscript], 1806-1824. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647843211

Harper served as a congressman from South Carolina from 1794-1801, after which he practiced law in Baltimore. He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1816, but resigned in 1817.

From the description of Letter to Robert E. Griffith, 27 January 1813. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 234340267

Harper was an American Revolutionary War soldier; Princeton University graduate; Member of South Carolina state legislature; Member of U. S. Congress (1795-1801); unsuccessful Federalist candidate for Vice President (1816).

From the description of Letter : Baltimore, to Harrison Gray Otis, 1800 Aug 28. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78380907

From the description of Letter : Baltimore, to Harrison Gray Otis, 1800 Aug 28. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702148299

Robert Goodloe Harper was a Southern lawyer and Federalist politician. Born in Virginia and raised in South Carolina, he served in the Revolutionary War at the age of fifteen. After graduating from the College of New Jersey (later Princeton) he studied law and taught school until admitted to the bar. While practicing law, he became a state Representative in South Carolina and then member of the United States House of Representatives. He later moved to Maryland, and served with distinction in the War of 1812. He was elected United States Senator from Maryland, and ran unsuccessfully for Vice President on the Federalist ticket.

From the description of Robert Goodloe Harper letter to Mathew Carey, 1825 Jan. 10. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 60678035

U.S. Representative from South Carolina and a U.S. Senator from Maryland; Federalist; born near Fredericksburg, Va.; 1785 graduate of Princeton; served as Secretary of the Yazoo Land Company.

From the description of Robert Goodloe Harper papers, 1788-1812. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 713368047

Early South Carolina congress member Robert Goodloe Harper (1765-1825), son of Jesse Harper and Diana Goodloe, was born near Fredericksburg, Virginia, and grew up in North Carolina. At age 15, Harper joined a volunteer cavalry corps and fought in the Revolutionary War. After the war, Harper continued his education and graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1785. He was admitted to the South Carolina bar in 1786 and was practicing in Charleston by 1789. He served in the State House of Representatives from 1790-1795, and was elected by South Carolina to the 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th United States House of Representatives as a Federalist (February 1795 to March 1801). Harper was an influential congress member and acted as chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means (5th and 6th congresses). While in the House, he was also interested in western land policies and was considered one of the most knowledgeable House members on foreign affairs. In the late 1790s, however, he became intensely xenophobic and vocally anti-French. His 1797 Observations on the Dispute Between the United States and France warned against the influence of French radicalism in America. The volume was popular enough to have multiple printings and was distributed in Europe and Great Britain. His xenophobia later manifested itself in his participation with the American Colonization Society, in which he had a leadership role in 1816.

After his tenure in the House, Harper moved to Baltimore, where he continued his law practice. He fought in the War of 1812 and attained the rank of major general. He served in the Maryland State Senate and was elected to the United States Senate for the term beginning March 4, 1815, and served until December 1816, when he resigned. Harper remained active after his political career, traveling through Europe and hosting European dignitaries in Baltimore. He died there in 1825.

From the guide to the Roberto Goodloe Harper manuscript: Reflexoens sobre a questão entre os Estados Unides ea França, Harper, Roberto Goodloe manuscript: Reflexoens sobre a questão entre os Estados Unides ea França, 1798, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Washington family papers, 1751-1870 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Autograph letter signed : Cambridge, to "Gentlemen", 1788 June 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. American Science and Medicine collection, 1702-1897. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Burr family. Burr family papers, 1750-1890? (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Crook, John, of London. Notes, 1796, 1813-1851. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Lowndes, Thomas, 1766-1843. Letter : Charleston, [S.C.] to Robert G. Harper, 1787 Nov. 10. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
referencedIn Jackson, Francis, 1789-1861. Papers, 1691-1844. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Sullivan, William, 1774-1839. William Sullivan correspondence, 1796-1799. Library of Congress
referencedIn Speed, Joseph J. Joseph J. Speed letter, 1824 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Letter : Baltimore, to Harrison Gray Otis, 1800 Aug 28. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Alston family. Collection of miscellaneous manuscripts, 1733-1895. College of Charleston, Marlene and Nathan Addlestone Library
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Autograph letter signed : Charleston, to Harry Clymer, in Philadelphia, 1789 March 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Lee, Henry, 1756-1818. Letter and engraving [manuscript], 1808, 1862. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Robert Goodloe Harper letters, 1798-1824 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Meleney, John C., 1921-. John C. Meleney research files, 1775-1986, (bulk, 1775-1808). University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Bromsen, Maury A.,. Correspondence [manuscript] : 1801-28. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Letters received by Robert Goodloe Harper [manuscript], 1806-1824. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Jonathan D. Meredith Papers, 1795-1859, (bulk 1810-1859) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Washington family. Washington family papers, 1751-1870 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Jones, Seaborn, 1788-1864. Papers, 1761-1847. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Autograph letter signed : Baltimore, to Henry Wheaton, 1823 Sept. 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Thomas Wentworth Higginson correspondence, 1843-1911. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Chase family. Chase family papers, ca. 1738-1899 (bulk ca. 1738-1855). Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
referencedIn De Saussure, Henry William, 1763-1839. Henry William DeSaussure papers, 1795-1837. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Tappan, William, b. 1863. Autograph collection of William Tappan, 1640-1939. Library of Congress
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Letter : Baltimore, to Harrison Gray Otis, 1800 Aug 28. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Martin, Luther, 1744-1826. Letter to Robert Goodloe Harper, 30 July 1807. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Cranch, William, 1769-1855. Letter : Washington, to Robert G. Harper, Baltimore, 1810 Nov. 4. George Washington University
referencedIn Burr family papers, 1750-1890 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Joseph Dennie papers, 1783-1815 (inclusive), 1790-1803 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. James McHenry papers, 1777-1832. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Letter to Nathaniel Gerry, 1817 Sept. 10. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Autograph letter signed : Baltimore, to Jas. V. Henry, Esq., 1818 Jan. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Roberto Goodloe Harper manuscript: Reflexoens sobre a questão entre os Estados Unides ea França, Harper, Roberto Goodloe manuscript: Reflexoens sobre a questão entre os Estados Unides ea França, 1798 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Lowndes, Thomas, 1765-1843. Thomas Lowndes papers, 1787 Mar. 27-1835 Nov. 30. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Robert Goodloe Harper letter to Mathew Carey, 1825 Jan. 10. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Papers, 1818-1821. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Robert Goodloe Harper letters [microform] 1797-1823. Maryland Historical Society Library
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Robert Goodloe Harper manuscript : Reflexoens sobre a Questão entre os Estados Unides ea França, 1798. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn William Tappan Autograph Collection, 1640-1939, (bulk 1800-1900) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Simms, Charles, 1755-1819. Papers of Charles Simms, 1731-1822. Library of Congress
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Robert Goodloe Harper papers, 1788-1812. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Onís, Luis de, 1762-1827. Letter : Philadelphia to Robert Goodloe Harper, 1812 January 29 / The Chevalier de Onis. Haverford College Library
referencedIn American Science and Medicine collection, 1702-1897 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Meredith, Jonathan D., 1783-1872. Papers of Jonathan D. Meredith, 1795-1859 (bulk 1810-1859). Library of Congress
referencedIn James McHenry papers, McHenry, James papers, 1777-1832 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Key, Philip Barton, 1757-1815. Autograph letter signed : Georgetown, to Robert G. Harper in Baltimore, 1814 Jan. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Goode, James M. James M. Goode collection, 1963-1964. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Letter to Robert E. Griffith, 27 January 1813. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Lee, Henry, 1756-1818. Papers, 1768-1816. Library of Virginia
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, John, 1735-1826. person
associatedWith Burr family. family
associatedWith Burr family. family
associatedWith Carey, Mathew, 1760-1839, person
correspondedWith Chase family. family
associatedWith Clymer, Harry, person
associatedWith Colhoun, John Ewing, 1751-1802. person
associatedWith Cranch, William, 1769-1855. person
associatedWith Crook, John, of London. person
associatedWith Dallas, Alexander James, 1759-1817, person
associatedWith Dawes, Rumford, person
correspondedWith Dennie, Joseph, 1768-1812 person
associatedWith De Saussure, Henry William, 1763-1839. person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Federal Party (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Ford collection corporateBody
associatedWith Gerry, Nathaniel. person
associatedWith Gist, Mordecai, 1743-1792. person
associatedWith Goode, James M. person
associatedWith Griffith, Robert E., person
associatedWith Henry, Jas. V., person
correspondedWith Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911 person
associatedWith Hughes, Christopher, 1786-1849, person
associatedWith Jackson, Francis, 1789-1861. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Jones, Seaborn, 1788-1864. person
associatedWith Key, Philip Barton, 1757-1815. person
associatedWith Lee, Henry, 1756-1818. person
associatedWith Lowndes, Thomas, 1765-1843. person
associatedWith Lowndes, Thomas, 1766-1843. person
associatedWith Martin, Luther, 1744-1826. person
associatedWith Maxcy, Virgil, 1785-1844 person
associatedWith McHenry, James, 1753-1816. person
associatedWith Meleney, John C., 1921- person
associatedWith Meredith, Jonathan D., 1783-1872. person
associatedWith Onís, Luis de, 1762-1827. person
associatedWith Otis, Harrison Gray, 1765-1848. person
associatedWith Pinkney, William, 1764-1822. person
associatedWith Raoul, Col., person
associatedWith Rawle, William, 1759-1836 person
associatedWith Read, Jacob, 1752-1816. person
associatedWith Rumph, Jacob. person
associatedWith Simms, Charles, 1755-1819. person
associatedWith Speed, Joseph J. person
correspondedWith Sullivan, William, 1774-1839. person
associatedWith Tappan, William, b. 1863. person
associatedWith Thomas Addis Emmet collection corporateBody
associatedWith Washington family. family
associatedWith Washington family. family
associatedWith Wheaton, Henry, 1785-1848, person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Willot, Gen., person
associatedWith Yazoo Land Company. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
France
United States
United States
United States
Maryland
United States
Mississippi
France
South Carolina
United States
United States
United States
Subject
XYZ Affair, 1797-1798
Presidents--Election, 1800
Diplomatic and consular service, American
Statesmen--Maryland
Statesmen--United States--Correspondence
Real property
Land grants
Land companies
Politicians--Correspondence
Yazoo Fraud, 1795
Fries Rebellion, 1798-1799
Cabinetmakers
Diplomatic and consular service, American--Speeches in Congress--Early works to 1800
Occupation
Lawyers
Politicians
Function

Person

Birth 1765

Death 1825-01-14

English,

French

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p55s6v

Ark ID: w6p55s6v

SNAC ID: 12231336