Stopes, Marie Carmichael 1880-1958

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Epithet: pioneer of birth control

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000613.0x000171

Pioneer in birth control and sex education, poet.

From the description of Letters, 1916-1958. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122515055

Pioneer of birth control and sexual education.

From the description of Letters, 1950. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 31822012

Marie Stopes, the daughter of Henry Stopes and Charlotte Carmichael, was born in Edinburgh in 1880. Charlotte, the daughter of the artist, J.F. Carmichael, was the first woman in Scotland to obtain a University Certificate. Charlotte's university experiences turned her into a passionate feminist and she made sure her daughter was fully aware of the arguments for women's suffrage.

Henry Stopes was a distinguished scientist and Marie Stopes shared her father's interest in this subject. Although very involved in her academic work, Marie Stopes was also interested in politics. Like her mother she supported the women's suffrage campaign and eventually joined the Women's Freedom League. It was not until, March 1918, that Marie Stopes found a small company that was willing to take the risk of publishing "Married Love". Stopes' next book was about birth control. In 1918 Stopes wrote a concise guide to contraception called "Wise Parenthood", which upset the leaders of the Church of England and the Roman Catholic Church.

From the description of Marie Carmichael Stopes Birth Control Collection, [ca. 1871-1967] (Bulk Dates 1920-1958) (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 59760029

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf GEOFFREY H. WELLS al. 'Geoffrey West': correspondence concerning his book, H. G. Wells (1930); 1920-1937. Included are autograph letters from H. G. Wells (14 letters, 22 postcards, etc.), Mrs Catherine Wells (16 letters, etc.), Frank Wells (6 letters..., 1920-1937 British Library
referencedIn Margaret Sanger Papers, 1900-1966, (bulk 1928-1940) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf G. B. SHAW PAPERS: SERIES I. Vol. LXXII (ff. i+48). Marie Stopes, ‘Antigone Awakened’; 1946. Unpublished play. Typewritten. Preceded by an autograph note to Shaw and an introductory essay on the subject of drama.includes:f. i Marie Charlotte Ca..., 1946 British Library
creatorOf SUPPLEMENTARY STOPES PAPERS: papers relating to Reginald Ruggles Gates (b.1882, d.1962) and his marriage with Marie Carmichael Stopes; 1962-1973, n.d. Partly printed. The material includes a draft of an unpublished review by Gates of K. R. Briant's b..., 1962-1973 British Library
creatorOf Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, pioneer of birth control: Degree certificate, etc.,: 1904-1905: Lat. and Eng.: Partly printed. British Library
referencedIn Eccles Bequest. Vol. CCLXII. Notes of Mary Eccles relating to the correspondence of Lord Alfred Douglas held at the Berg Collection, New York Public Library, and to the correspondence of Lord Alfred Douglas and Marie Stopes held at the British Librar... British Library
referencedIn Max Reinhardt papers, 1899-2006 British Library: Western Manuscripts
creatorOf Vol. CCL (ff. 264). 1919-1957, n.d.Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, pioneer of birth control: Correspondence with Society of Authors of and rel. to Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes: 1909-1957, n.d., 1919-1957 British Library
creatorOf RUTLAND BOUGHTON CORRESPONDENCE. Vol. III (ff. 139). Shaw-Y, including:-(a) Dame Ethel Smyth; 1921-1938. Ff. 15-15b printed, in part, on pp. 83-4. ff. 3-29b;-(b) Edith Helen, wife of Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 7th Marquess of Londonderry; [1923?..., 1921-1938 British Library
creatorOf G. K. CHESTERTON PAPERS. VOL. LV (ff. 146). Correspondence with:1. ff. 1-2. Pupils of Sacré Cœur Convent School, Timaru, New Zealand; [1928]. Forwarded by C. C. Martindale.2. ff. 3-5v. Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel; 1911.3. ff. 6-7v. Doro..., 1892-1936 British Library
creatorOf Stopes, Marie Carmichael, 1880-1958. TLS : [Givons Grove, Leatherhead, Surrey], to Miss A.M. Michelmore, London, 1921 Feb. 28. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Dan H. Laurence Collection. Stereotyped postcard - card concerning requests for a preface by Shaw, sent to Marie Stopes, Nov. 17, 1928. University of Guelph
creatorOf Stopes, Marie Carmichael, 1880-1958. The scientific consideration of population problems and interference with the freedom of publication / by Marie C. Stopes ; to lay before the Population Congress, Geneva, 1927. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf STOPES PAPERS. Vol. XLVII (ff. 111). George Bernard Shaw; 1916-1952.includes:ff. 1-104 Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, pioneer of birth control: Correspondence with G. B. Shaw of Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes: 1916-1949: Partly signed and dr..., 1916-1952 British Library
referencedIn G K Chesterton Papers, 1877-1988 British Library: Western Manuscripts
referencedIn Malinowski, Bronislaw, 1884-1942. Bronislaw Malinowski papers, 1869-1946 (inclusive), 1914-1939 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn David Low papers, 1897-1985 (inclusive), 1920-1963 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn HAVELOCK ELLIS PAPERS. Vol. XLVI (ff. 96). Photographs of friends and correspondents, including signed portraits of Sigmund Freud, Marie Stopes, 'Hildegart' Rodriguez, Joseph Ishill and Joseph Wortis; [1880?]-1957, n.d.Art. Photographs: Photographs a..., 1880-1957 British Library
creatorOf Vol. CXXIV. 1934-1945.George Bernard Shaw, author: Notes on a visit to G. B. Shaw by Colonel Ralph H. Isham: 1936: Typewritten.Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas, poet: Alphonse James Albert known as A. J. A. Symons, alias Albert James Alroy; writer: Correspo..., 1934-1945 British Library
creatorOf Correspondence relating to the announcement in the press of proposals to publish correspondence of Bernard Shaw by Constable and Co. The announcement produced a large number of replies, those from well-known persons and those including the text of le..., 1951-1952 British Library
creatorOf Stopes, Marie Charlotte Carmichael, 1880-1958. Autograph letter signed : Dorking, Surrey, to Mr. Roberts, 1937 Apr. 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers: Series V, 1913-1945 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Vol. CXXVII (ff. 124). 1929-1938.Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, pioneer of birth control: Letters, etc., from Soc. of Authors to Marie Stopes: 1929-1953: Mostly typewritten and printed., 1929-1938 British Library
creatorOf STOPES PAPERS. Correspondence and papers of Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, Ph.D., D.Sc., (b.1880, d.1958), co-founder with her husband, Humphrey Verdon Roe, of the Mother's Clinic for Constructive Birth Control and Racial Progress; 1880-1959, n.d..., 1880-1959 British Library
creatorOf Vol. CXXVIII (ff. 138). 1939-1953.Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, pioneer of birth control: Letters, etc., from Soc. of Authors to Marie Stopes: 1929-1953: Mostly typewritten and printed., 1939-1953 British Library
referencedIn Ellis, Havelock, 1859-1939. Havelock Ellis letters, 1894-1950. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Tannenbaum, Samuel Aaron, 1874?-1948. Samuel Aaron Tannenbaum papers, 1857-1943. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Stopes, Marie Charlotte Carmichael, 1880-1958. Marie Carmichael Stopes Birth Control Collection, [ca. 1871-1967] (Bulk Dates 1920-1958) University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
creatorOf Vol. XXXVIII (ff. 189). 1939-1957, n.d.includes:f. 1 Prynce al. Pryns Hopkins, alias Prince Charles; psychologist: Letter to Marie Stopes from Prince Charles Hopkins: 1929-1939: Signed.ff. 2, 13, 85, 87, 89, 95, 127, 137, 140, 159-163, 183 Claren..., 1939-1957 British Library
referencedIn Smith, E. H.,. Collection, 1888-1934 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf HARROD PAPERS. Vol. XI (ff. 223). 1932-1936.includes:f. 13 Jacob Marshak, economist: Letters to Sir Roy Forbes Harrod from Jacob Marshak: 1932, 1943.f. 37 J. M. Wyllie, of 'The Oxford English Dictionary': Letters to Sir Roy Forbes Harrod from J. ..., 1932-1936 British Library
referencedIn Sanger, Margaret, 1879-1966. Margaret Sanger papers, 1900-1966 (bulk 1928-1940). Library of Congress
creatorOf Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, pioneer of birth control: Degree certificate, etc.,: 1904-1905: Lat. and Eng.: Partly printed. British Library
referencedIn Malinowski, Bronislaw, 1884-1942. Bronislaw Malinowski papers, 1869-1946 (inclusive), 1914-1939 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Stopes, Marie Carmichael, 1880-1958. TLS : London, to Charles Warwick, Rusholme, Manchester, 1933 Dec. 5. University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn Low, David, 1891-1963. David Low papers, 1897-1985 (inclusive) 1920-1963 (bulk). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Stopes, Marie Carmichael, 1880-1958. Letters, 1916-1958. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Stopes, Marie Carmichael, 1880-1958. Letters, 1950. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Margaret Sanger Research Bureau Records MS 320., 1873-1973, 1917-1969 Sophia Smith Collection
creatorOf HAVELOCK ELLIS PAPERS. Vol. XVI (ff. 190). Literary and scientific correspondence; 1902-1939, n.d. 1. ff. 1-9. Correspondence with Edward Westermarck; 1902-1936. Partly copies. 2. ff. 10-28. Letters from Ernest Jones; 1910-1927, n.d. Partly signed. 3..., 1902-1939 British Library
referencedIn Margaret Sanger Research Bureau. Margaret Sanger Research Bureau Records 1873-1973 (bulk 1917-1969) Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Stopes, Marie Carmichael, 1880-1958. ALS : Norbury Park, Dorking, Surrey, to Ernest C. Shepard, [s.l.], 1950 Feb. 5. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Stopes, Marie Carmichael, 1880-1958. ALS : Norbury Park, near Dorking, Surrey, to the Provost [of Surrey University] / 1937 April 5. University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn Fielding, William J. (William John), 1886-. Papers, 1912-1973. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Havelock Ellis Correspondence, 1894-1950. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Stopes, Marie Carmichael, 1880-1958. [Correspondence with Betty Ross, B. van Thal, et al.], 1933-1947. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Vol. XV (ff. 477). 1938-1942.includes:f. 1 Mrs Flora Drummond, of the Women's Guild of Empire, Glasgow: Vivisection: Circular letter of Mrs Flora Drummond: 1938: Copy with printed signature.f. 2 Xavier Heydet, lycée professor of Mulhouse, France..., 1938-1942 British Library
referencedIn Greenbaum, Wolff & Ernst. Greenbaum, Wolff & Ernst records of censorship cases, 1927-1948. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Stopes, Marie Carmichael, 1880-1958. Dr. Marie C. Stopes and constructive birth control : [an exhibition], [not after 1997] University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf GEORGE BERNARD SHAW: twelve items formerly on display at Shaw's house, Ayot St. Lawrence, co. Hertf.; 1924-1946, n.d. Partly autograph, partly printed. Presented by the National Trust, 6 June 1984 and 1 Nov. 1989. Paper; ff. 49. British Library arran..., 1924-1946 British Library
referencedIn Eccles Bequest. Vol. CLXIII. Newspaper articles, reviews and other promotional material relating to the following; 1879-2000, n.d. Mostly printed.1. C. H. Shannon; n.d.2. George Bernard Shaw; 1894, 1906.3. Walter Sickert: 1976.4. George Sims:1956.5. ..., 1852-2000 British Library
creatorOf Stopes, Marie Charlotte Carmichael, 1880-1958. Marie Carmichael Stopes Birth Control Collection, [ca. 1871-1967] (Bulk Dates 1920-1958) University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Papers, 1874-1945 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Eccles Bequest. Vol. XLVI. Miscellaneous writings of Lord Alfred Douglas; 1909-1944, n.d. Mostly autograph.1. 'Art and Sport';1909.2. 'Preface' to 'The City of the Soul'; [1911]. Printed with corrections and revisions by Douglas.3. 'Fashionable Intel..., 1909-1944 British Library
creatorOf Vol. CCXLIX (ff. 177). 1909-1919.Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, pioneer of birth control: Correspondence with Society of Authors of and rel. to Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes: 1909-1957, n.d., 1909-1919 British Library
creatorOf Lion, Leon. Marie Carmichael Stopes collection, 1931- Ohio State University Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Dan H. Laurence Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. person
associatedWith Ellis, Havelock, 1859-1939. person
associatedWith Fielding, William J. (William John), 1886- person
associatedWith Greenbaum, Wolff & Ernst. corporateBody
associatedWith Low, David, 1891-1963. person
associatedWith Malinowski, Bronislaw, 1884-1942. person
associatedWith Margaret Sanger Research Bureau corporateBody
associatedWith MARY (WARE) DENNETT person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Roberts, Mr, person
associatedWith Sakurai, Jōji, 1858-1939. person
correspondedWith Sanger, Margaret, 1879-1966. person
associatedWith Shepard, Ernest C. person
associatedWith Smith, E. H., person
associatedWith Stanley-Wrench, Margaret. person
associatedWith Stanley-Wrench, Mollie Kennedy Gibbs. person
associatedWith Stopes, Marie Charlotte Carmichael, 1880-1958. person
associatedWith Tannenbaum, Samuel Aaron, 1874?-1948. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
United States
England
Monk's House, Sussex; home of Leonard and Virginia Woolf
Subject
Contraception
Pro-choice movement--History
Freedom of the press
Feminism
Sexual ethics
Sex instruction--History
Women dramatists, English
Freedom of speech
Husband and wife
Religion and Sex
Sex instruction
Marriage
Prostitution
Social problems
Birth control--Religious aspects--Catholic Church
Sterilization (Birth control)
Intrauterine contraceptives
Women--Sexual behavior--History
Birth control
Sex customs
Eugenics
Intrauterine devices
Birth control--History
Women social reformers
Family Planning Services
English literature--20th century
family planning
Occupation
Women poets, English
Function

Person

Birth 1880-10-15

Death 1958-10-02

Britons

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gt62h8

Ark ID: w6gt62h8

SNAC ID: 11331814