Hawkins, J. Allen, 1915-

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J. Allen Hawkins (1915-1986) was born and raised in Pasadena, California and developed an interest in photography at an early age. He bought his first camera at the age of 10, and opened his first studio, in his parents' house, at the age of 18. Hawkins' work as a photographer is intimately tied to the city of Pasadena. He photographed nearly every Tournament of Roses Parade and Rose Bowl football game from 1935 to 1975. He was the official photographer for the Pasadena Junior Chamber of Commerce, and documented the growing commercial, residential, social and cultural development of Pasadena during the middle years of the twentieth century. In addition to his career as a commercial photographer, Hawkins also owned and operated Al's Motor Shop at Hudson and Colorado in Pasadena from 1938 to 1945. Al's Motor Shop allowed him to pursue his interest in building racing cars, which he also photographed. In the 1930s and 40s Hawkins worked as a professional musician and played with most of the big band orchestras in Southern California.

From the description of J. Allen Hawkins Studio Collection of Negatives [graphic], 1924-1972. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 228770032

Biographical note

Herbert G. Klein (1918-2009) enjoyed a long and successful career in the fields of journalism and communications. He worked as a newspaper journalist and editor, media consultant and executive, and most famously, as the first Director of Communications for the Executive Branch under President Richard M. Nixon.

Born and raised in Los Angeles, Klein graduated from the University of Southern California in 1940 with a degree in journalism. Upon graduation he joined the reporting staff of Copley Newspapers' Alhambra (California) Post-Advocate where he worked as a reporter and feature editor until 1950, with the exception of four years (1942-1946) spent in the United States Navy. His first editorial was written in support of Richard Nixon's campaign for Congress in 1946. In 1950, he joined the editorial staff of another Copley newspaper, the Evening Tribune, and in 1952 moved to the San Diego Union, where he served in a variety of editorial assignments, culminating in his appointment as editor in 1959. Amongst his many assignments during these years was covering the atomic tests held on the Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

Klein first met Nixon in 1946 when he was assigned by the Post-Advocate to cover the latter's campaign for Congress; before the campaign was over he had agreed to serve as Nixon's Press Agent for the remainder of the campaign. Klein went on to assist Nixon in all of his subsequent campaigns, serving as Press Agent to Nixon during the 1948 Congressional campaign (during which time he also spent three months in Washington, D.C., as correspondent for Copley Newspapers), Press Agent for Nixon's 1950 Senate campaign, California Director of Information for the 1952 Vice-Presidential campaign, and Assistant Press Secretary during the 1956 Vice-Presidential campaign. In 1959 he rejoined Vice-President Nixon's staff as Staff Advisor and Press Secretary in order to organize press activities for Nixon's trip to Russia; for that trip, he convinced the Soviet authorities to rescind both their censorship directive and limits on the number of correspondents that could travel with the Vice-President, thus allowing the Nixon party to travel with relative freedom in the Soviet Union. He remained on Nixon's staff to serve as Press Secretary for the 1960 Presidential campaign, and he served in this capacity until the end of the Eisenhower administration in 1961. He also served as Press Secretary for Nixon's 1962 California Gubernatorial campaign, and rejoined Nixon's staff in August 1968 as Manager of Communications for the 1968 Presidential campaign. Nixon appointed him the first Director of Communications for the Executive Branch, a post he occupied from January 1969 until July 1973. He returned to the White House briefly in May 1974 to help coordinate the release of the transcripts of the White House tapes to the House Judiciary Committee's impeachment inquiry.

As Director of Communications, Klein was charged with bridging the "credibility gap" that was perceived to exist between the White House and the American public. His duties included coordinating all public relations activities of the Executive Branch, and to provide a free flow of information between the White House and the press. As such, he worked with the President, Cabinet, and senior members of the White House staff in public relations activities for all aspects of Administration policies and activities. Often called "the press man's press secretary," Klein enjoyed collegial and friendly relationships with members of the media and developed a reputation for straightforwardness; conversely, his relationships with other members of Nixon's staff, namely H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and Chuck Colson, were not so cordial. In an interview with the New York Times in 1974, Klein stated that there was a basic difference in philosophy between Nixon and himself when it came to dealing with the press. Nixon advocated a hard line; Klein did not. As a result of this difference of opinion, and despite his sweeping responsibilities, Klein was soon overshadowed by other members of the administration, including Press Secretary Ronald Ziegler. In interviews, Klein admitted that he would have left the administration earlier than July 1973, but did not want to give the impression that his departure was in any way connected with the deepening Watergate scandal. However, in his 1980 memoirs, Making it Perfectly Clear, Klein stated that he quit after being told his staff was to be cut in half and he would report to Mr. Ziegler.

Klein was instrumental in ensuring that the news flowing from the Nixon administration was not limited to interpretations by the White House press corps. He organized regional editorial backgrounders, or information sessions, for journalists and editors across the country. He traveled to Vietnam and Cambodia in 1970 as part of a Presidential fact-finding mission on the status of military operations in Vietnam. He was instrumental in implementing the newly-enacted Freedom of Information Act, serving as a conduit between the administration and the news media on many FOIA requests.

As a journalist, Klein enjoyed a long and successful career. With the exception of leaves of absence to work on Nixon's campaigns, Klein worked, from 1950-1968, as an editorial writer, editorial page director, associate editor, executive editor, and Editor (1959-1968) of various Copley Newspaper publications. After his resignation from the Office of Communications, Klein joined the staff of Metromedia, Inc., as Vice President for Corporate Relations (1973-1977). From 1977 to 1980 he worked as an independent media consultant in Los Angeles, and finally, from 1980 until his retirement in 2003, as Editor-in-Chief of the Copley Press. His 1980 memoirs detail his time spent with Nixon and the love-hate relationship between the media and the White House. Among his many journalistic achievements was service as a juror for the 1968 Pulitzer Prize in Journalism, member of the Board of Directors of the American Society of Newspaper Editors (1966-1968), active member of the National Editorial Writers' Association, the Associated Press Managing Editors' Organization, and United Press International Editors. He was an active officer of Sigma Delta Chi, the national journalism society.

Klein was also actively involved in public service and philanthropic pursuits. He served, at the invitation of Governor Ronald Reagan, on the Commission of the Californias beginning in 1967. He was a Life Trustee of the University of Southern California and an active alumnus (he was a recipient of the University's Distinguished Achievement award in 1969 and an honorary doctorate in 2006, and served as president of the General Alumni Association). He was a trustee of the UC San Diego Foundation, a member of the director's cabinet of the Scripps Institute of Oceanography, and a trustee of the Scripps Foundation for Medicine and Science. He was an officer of the American Legion, president of the Alhambra Junior Chamber of Commerce, member of the San Diego chapter of the American Red Cross, Kiwanis Club, and Rotary, and in 1971 received the Greater Los Angeles Headliner of the Year award. He was also on the board of the National Presbyterian Church. After his retirement from Copley Newspapers, he continued to write articles and grant interviews about the state of American politics and the media and hosted a local weekly current events television program on San Diego's KUSI until the day before his death.

From the guide to the Herbert G. Klein papers, 15th-17th centuries, 1932-2009 (Bulk 1960-1973), (USC Libraries Special Collections)

Biographical and Historical Note

J. Allen Hawkins (1915-1986) was born and raised in Pasadena, California. He developed an interest in photography at an early age, performing odd jobs for local photographers Frederick W. Martin, E. Willard Spur, and Harold A. Parker. Hawkins bought his first camera at the age of 10, and opened his first studio, in his parents' house, at the age of 18.

Hawkins' work as a photographer is intimately tied to the city of Pasadena. He photographed nearly every Tournament of Roses Parade and Rose Bowl football game from 1935 to 1975. He was the official photographer for the Pasadena Junior Chamber of Commerce, and documented the growing development, both commercial and residential, of Pasadena during the middle years of the twentieth century.

In addition to his career as a commercial photographer, Hawkins also owned and operated Al's Motor Shop at Hudson and Colorado in Pasadena from 1938 to 1945. Al's Motor Shop allowed him to pursue his interest in building racing cars, which he also photographed. In the 1930s and 40s Hawkins worked as a professional musician and played with most of the big band orchestras in Southern California.

Sometime in the 1940s or 1950s, Hawkins acquired approximately 35,000 of Harold A. Parker's original negatives from the photographic firm of Lee Mac. Hawkins had worked for Parker as a young boy. The Parker negatives were stored at Hawkins' studio until construction of the 210 Freeway in the 1970s forced a relocation. Hawkins destroyed many of the negatives prior to the move, selling the remainder to a movie photographer who subsequently gave them to Donald Parker, Harold Parker's son. Some of the negatives, however, remained in Hawkins' possession, and were included in the gift of the Hawkins collection to the Huntington Library.

From the guide to the J. Allen Hawkins Studio Collection of Negatives, 1924-1972, (The Huntington Library)

Relation Name
associatedWith Agnew, Spiro T., 1918-1996 person
associatedWith Allen, William C. person
associatedWith Atkins, Oliver F., 1916-1977 person
associatedWith Bachrach, Fabian, 1917-2010 person
associatedWith Baldwin, Baldwin M. person
associatedWith Baldwin, Baldwin M., 1904-1970 person
associatedWith Bonnay, Charles person
correspondedWith Buchanan, Patrick J., (Patrick Joseph), 1938- person
associatedWith Chicago White Sox (Baseball team) corporateBody
associatedWith City Hall (Pasadena, Calif.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Colson, Charles W. person
correspondedWith Copley, James S., (James Strohn) person
associatedWith Copley Press, inc.. corporateBody
associatedWith Ehrlichman, John person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D., (Dwight David), 1890-1969 person
associatedWith Finch, Robert H., (Robert Hutchinson), 1925-1995 person
associatedWith Fisk, Walter W. person
associatedWith Foss Designing and Building Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Goldwater, Barry M., (Barry Morris), 1909-1998 person
associatedWith Haberman, Irving, 1916- person
correspondedWith Haldeman, H. R., (Harry R.), 1926-1993 person
associatedWith Hanks, Sam, 1919-1994 person
associatedWith Harris & Ewing. corporateBody
associatedWith Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery corporateBody
associatedWith Hotel Green (Pasadena, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Humphrey, Hubert H., (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978 person
associatedWith Huntington Hotel (Pasadena, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Huntington Memorial Hospital (Pasadena, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hunt, Myron, 1868-1952 person
associatedWith Jarvis, Roy person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F., (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
associatedWith Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968 person
associatedWith Kissinger, Henry, 1923- person
associatedWith Klein, Herbert G. (Herbert George), 1918-2009. person
associatedWith Lew, Mervyn person
associatedWith Los Angeles International Airport corporateBody
associatedWith Marston, Van Pelt and Maybury (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Maryland Hotel (Pasadena, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Mattox, Warren person
associatedWith Metromedia, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Mission San Gabriel Arcangel (San Gabriel, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Mission San Juan Capistrano corporateBody
associatedWith Nixon, Pat, 1912-1993 person
associatedWith Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994 person
associatedWith O'Neill, Dev person
associatedWith Parker, Buffy person
associatedWith Parker, Harold A., 1878-1930. person
associatedWith Pasadena Playhouse corporateBody
associatedWith Raymond Hotel (Pasadena, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Republican National Convention (29th : 1968 : Miami Beach, Fla.) . corporateBody
associatedWith Rockefeller, Nelson A., (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979 person
associatedWith Rolph, James, 1869-1934 person
associatedWith Romney, George W., 1907-1995 person
associatedWith Rose Bowl Stadium (Pasadena, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Rothschild Photo. corporateBody
correspondedWith Safire, William, 1929-2009 person
associatedWith Santa Barbara Mission corporateBody
associatedWith Smith, Merrett T. person
associatedWith Society of Professional Journalists, Sigma Delta Chi. corporateBody
associatedWith Sullivan, Ed person
associatedWith University of Southern California. corporateBody
associatedWith Varian Associates corporateBody
associatedWith Varian Associates. family
associatedWith Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States. corporateBody
associatedWith Vista del Arroyo Hotel (Pasadena, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Volpe, John A. person
associatedWith Women's City Club of Pasadena corporateBody
associatedWith Zeni Photography. corporateBody
associatedWith Ziegler, Ronald L., (Ronald Louis), 1939- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
La Crescenta (Calif.)
California--El Monte
California--Los Angeles
Kern County (Calif.)
California--San Marino--Photographs
Glendale (Calif.)
Altadena (Calif.)
Rosemead (Calif.)
El Monte (Calif.)
San Marino (Calif.)
Alhambra (Calif.)
Van Nuys (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Highland Park (Calif.)
Ontario (Calif.)
Monrovia (Calif.)
Alhambra (Calif.)
California--San Marino
South Pasadena (Calif.)
Mount Baldy (Calif.)
El Monte (Calif.)
Monrovia (Calif.)
San Jacinto Peak (Calif.)
Highland Park (Calif.)
Mount Baldy (Calif.)
Hollywood (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Kern County (Calif.)
United States
California--Highland Park (Los Angeles)
San Marino (Calif.)
Los Angeles (Calif.)
Pasadena (Calif.)
San Gabriel (Calif.)
California--San Gabriel
California--South Pasadena
Compton (Calif.)
La Crescenta (Calif.)
Altadena (Calif.)
Los Angeles (Calif.)
Pasadena (Calif.)
Ontario (Calif.)
San Gabriel (Calif.)
California--City of Industry
Compton (Calif.)
Van Nuys (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Hollywood (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Glendale (Calif.)
San Jacinto Peak (Calif.)
Rosemead (Calif.)
Grocery trade--Photographs
Midget car racing--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Automobile industry and trade--California--Highland Park--Photographs
Business enterprises--California--Compton--Photographs
Interior decoration--California--San Marino--Photographs
Automobile repair shops--Photographs
Radio broadcasting--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Grocery trade--California--Ontario--Photographs
Washing machines--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Military cadets--California--Altadena--Photographs
Deserts--California--Kern County--Photographs
Automobile industry and trade--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Presidents--United States--Election--1968--Archival resources
Dairy plants--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Automobile dealers--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Political campaigns--California--1962--Archival resources
Newspaper buildings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Journalism and public relations--United States--20th century--Archival resources
Women's clothing--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Rites and ceremonies--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Automobile racing--Photographs
Show windows--Photographs
Governors--Election--Archival resources
Business enterprises--California--Monrovia--Photographs
Interior decoration
Junior high school students--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Interiors--California--San Marino--Photographs
Television--Receivers and reception--Photographs
Automobile industry and trade--California--Alhambra--Photographs
Presidents--United States--Staff--Archival resources
Journalists--California--20th century--Archival resources
Rites and ceremonies--Photographs
Coffee shops--California--Altadena--Photographs
Washing machines--Photographs
Holiday decorations--Photographs
Young Men's Christian assocations--Buildings--Photographs
Display of merchandise--Photographs
Country clubs--Photographs
Elections--United States--20th century--Archival resources
Commercial buildings--Photographs
Young Men's Christian assocations--Buildings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
V-J Day, 1945--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Automobile industry and trade--Photographs
Medical instruments and apparatus--Photographs
Business enterprises--California--Arcadia--Photographs
Children's clothing--Photographs
Dairy processing--Photographs
Journalism and public relations--California--San Diego--20th century--Archival resources
Business enterprises--Photographs
Grocery trade--California--Monrovia--Photographs
Young Women's Christian assocations--Buildings--Photographs
Building construction--Photographs
Vice-presidents--United States--Election--1956--Archival resources
Dairy processing--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Children's clothing--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Golf courses--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Automobile dealers--Photographs
Business enterprises--California--San Gabriel--Photographs
Ice cream parlors--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Display of merchandise--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Grocery trade--California--Rosemead--Photographs
Interior decoration--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Newspaper buildings--Photographs
Country clubs--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Motion picture theaters--Photographs
Universities and colleges--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Dinners and dining--Photographs
V-J Day, 1945--Photographs
Clothing trade--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Fire stations--California--Pasadena--Photographs
High school students--Photograph
Dwellings--California--South Pasadena--Photographs
Organ (Musical instrument)--Photographs
Dairy plants--Photographs
Business enterprises--California--Altadena--Photographs
Funeral homes--Photographs
Elections--California--Archival resources
Dwellings--California--San Marino--Photographs
Architectural rendering--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Interior decoration--California--Altadena--Photographs
Miniature golf--Photographs
Historic bridges--Photographs
Journalists--United States--20th century--Archival resources
Midget car racing--Photographs
Dinners and dining--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Oil well drilling rigs--California--Los Angeles--Photographs
Building construction--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Medical instruments and apparatus--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Funeral rites and ceremonies--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Trailer camps--Photographs
Business enterprises--California--El Monte--Photographs
School children--Photographs
Commercial buildings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Political campaigns--United States--1968--Archival resources
Architectural rendering--Photographs
Automobile industry and trade--California--Altadena--Photographs
Church buildings--Photographs
Fire stations--Photographs
Apartment houses--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Automobile repair shops--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Coffee shops--Photographs
Presidents--Inauguration--Archival resources
Department stores--Photographs
Business districts--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Young Women's Christian assocations--Buildings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Business districts--Photographs
Apartment houses--Photographs
Library buildings--Photographs
Radio--Receivers and reception--Photographs
Business enterprises--California--San Marino--Photographs
Junior high school students--Photographs
Business enterprises--California--City of Industry--Photographs
Historic bridges--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Funeral homes--California--Altadena--Photographs
Motion picture theaters--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Women's clothing--Photographs
Deserts--Kern County--Photographs
Holiday decorations--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Bank buildings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Presidents--United States--Press conferences--Archival resources
Coffee shops--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Real estate development--Photographs
Automobile dealers--California--Alhambra--Photographs
Funeral rites and ceremonies--Photographs
Department stores--California--Pasadena--Photographs
School children--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Journalism--Political aspects--United States--20th century--Archival resources
Universities and colleges--Photographs
Football players--Photographs
High school students--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Grocery trade--California--Los Angeles--Photographs
Bank buildings--Photographs
Military cadets--Photographs
Funeral homes--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Police stations--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Grocery trade--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Radio broadcasting--Photographs
Business enterprises--California--Alhambra--Photographs
Business enterprises--California--Glendale--Photographs
Ice cream parlors--Photographs
Library buildings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Presidents--United States--Election--1960--Archival resources
Automobile industry and trade--California--Glendale--Photographs
Business enterprises--California--Los Angeles--Photographs
Street-railroads--Accidents--California--Los Angeles--Photographs
Automobile dealers--California--San Gabriel--Photographs
Oil well drilling rigs--Photographs
Grocery trade--California--Compton--Photographs
Commencement ceremonies--Photographs
Police stations--Photographs
Business enterprises--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Golf courses--Photographs
Commencement ceremonies--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Clothing trade--Photographs
Real estate development--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Trailer camps--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Miniature golf--California--Pasadena--Photographs


Birth 1915


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