Chamberlain, George E. (George Earle), 1854-1928

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George Earle Chamberlain (b.1913), grandson and namesake of the former governor and senator of Oregon, son of otolaryngologist Dr. Charles Thomson Chamberlain. He received a BA from the University of Oregon in 1936, and an MD from the University of Oregon Medical School in 1938. Chamberlain served as captain and resident physician in the U.S. Army Medical Corps during WWII. He began serving in 1941, when he was stationed in New York, N. Y.,at the New York Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Infirmary. He returned to Portland, Oregon after the war and began to practice otolaryngology in 1947, both in private practice and on faculty at the Medical School. He married Dorothy McCall of Redmond,Or., herself a grand-daughter of a governor of Massachussetts and sister of future Oregon Governor Tom McCall.

From the guide to the George E. Chamberlain Papers, circa 1942, (Oregon Health & Science University Historical Collections & Archives)

The law firm of (John Knox) Weatherford and (John Russell) Wyatt was located in Albany, Oregon, in the upper Willamette Valley. It was counsel for the Southern Pacific Railroad, Thomas Kay Woolen Mills, and many valley towns and corporations. J. K. Weatherford was personally interested in several woolen mills, the Willamette Valley and Coast Railroad, and assorted timber lands. He was a member of the Board of Regents of Oregon Agricultural College, Corvallis, 1897-1923.

From the guide to the Weatherford and Wyatt records, 1890-1924, (Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries)

George Earle Chamberlain was born in Natchez, Mississippi in 1854 and attended Washington and Lee University. Upon graduation in 1876, Chamberlain migrated to Oregon where he taught school briefly in Linn County. Before becoming governor (Democrat) of Oregon in 1903, Chamberlain served in a number of political positions inside Oregon from 1877 to 1903, including Deputy clerk of Linn County, district attorney of the third judicial district, the first attorney general of the state, and district attorney of Multnomah County. After six years in the gubernatorial office, Chamberlain entered the national political realm as U.S. Senator from Oregon. As a senator, Chamberlain played a key role in the government's preparation for World War I as chair of the Senate Military Affairs Committee, which presided over such issues as the selective service draft bill and food control measures. Chamberlain served as senator until he was defeated in a re-election attempt in 1920. Chamberlain's last government post was as a member of the U.S. Shipping Board, serving from 1921 to 1923. Married twice in his life, Chamberlain had seven children with his first wife, Sallie N. Welch, whom he wed in 1879. Carolyn B. Shelton, Chamberlain's second wife, was married to the ex-senator two years before his death in 1928.

From the description of George Earle Chamberlain papers, 1900-1908. (Oregon Historical Society Research Library). WorldCat record id: 35619575

George Earle Chamberlain was born in Natchez, Mississippi in 1854. He worked there as a clerk in a general goods store for 2 years before entering Washington and Lee University. Upon graduation in 1876, he migrated to Oregon where he taught school briefly in Linn County. His political career began with his appointment as deputy clerk of Linn County, Oregon, a position he held from 1877 to 1879. After studying law in Albany, Oregon, he was elected to the state legislature in 1880, serving there until he was elected district attorney of the third judicial district of Oregon in 1884. Retiring to his law practice after one two-year term, Chamberlain was named as the State's first attorney general by Governor Sylvester Pennoyer in 1891, an office he held until 1895.

From 1900 to 1903, Chamberlain served as Multnomah County's District attorney, and was then elected governor of Oregon, serving until 1909. In that year he entered the national political arena as senator to Oregon. In Washington he was a key player in the government's preparation for World War I, serving as chair of the Senate Military Affairs Committee, which presided over such issues as the selective service draft bill and food control measures. His speech of January 24, 1918 regarding War Department inefficiency received widespread notice, although it contributed to his alienation from President Wilson and the Democratic Party establishment.

Chamberlain was defeated for re-election in 1920, in part because of his progressive Democratic allegience in a year when conservative Republicans were in favor nationally. His last government post was as a member of the U.S. Shipping Board, serving from 1921 to 1923. Married twice in his life, Chamberlain had seven children with his first wife, Sallie N. Welch, whom he wed in 1879. Carolyn B. Shelton, Chamberlain's second wife, was married to the ex-senator two years before his death in 1928.

From the guide to the George Earle Chamberlain papers, 1900-1928, (Oregon Historical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition photograph album [graphic], 1905. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Harris, Lawrence T. (Lawrence Thomas), b. 1873. Lawrence T. Harris papers [manuscript], circa 1898-1960. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Benson, Frank Williamson. Frank Williamson Benson papers, 1906-1910. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Chamberlain, George Earle, 1854-1928. George Earle Chamberlain papers, 1900-1908. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Chamberlain, George E. The History of opium and morphine / by George E. Chamberlain. Oregon Health & Science University Library, OHSU Library
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Hill, William Lair, 1838-1924. William Lair Hill papers, 1833-1973. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf George E. Chamberlain Papers, circa 1942 Oregon Health and Science University Historical Collections and Archives
referencedIn Graves, John Temple, 1856-1925. John Temple Graves papers, 1840-1925. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Weatherford and Wyatt records, 1890-1924 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
referencedIn Esbenshade and Waddle families photograph collection [graphic], circa 1903-1930. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Esther Pohl Lovejoy Papers, 1881-1977 Oregon Health and Science University Historical Collections and Archives
referencedIn Stevens, John Daniel 1847-1932. John Daniel Stevens letters [manuscripts], circa 1895-1930. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Stowell, Edmund Channing, 1866-. Letters received, 1911-1919. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf George Earle Chamberlain papers, 1900-1928 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Frank Williamson Benson papers, 1906-1910 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Riggs, Elisha, 1779-1853. Riggs family papers, 1763-1945. Library of Congress
referencedIn Deitrick, James. James Deitrick papers, 1900-1918. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Oregon Governors and Senators papers, 1848-1903. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn National Association for Universal Military Training Records, 1909-1933, (bulk 1916-1919) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Riggs, Elisha, 1779-1853. Riggs family papers, 1763-1945. Library of Congress
referencedIn Riggs Family Papers, 1763-1945 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Meyers, Frank S. Frank S. Meyers papers [manuscript], 1913-1920. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Adams, I. Murray (Isaac Murray). Letters to Isaac Murray Adams, 1920-1922. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, I. Murray (Isaac Murray). person
correspondedWith Benson, Frank Williamson person
correspondedWith Benson, Frank Williamson. person
associatedWith Deitrick, James. person
associatedWith Democratic Party (Or.) corporateBody
associatedWith Graves, John Temple, 1856-1925. person
correspondedWith Harris, Lawrence T. (Lawrence Thomas), b. 1873. person
correspondedWith Hill, William Lair, 1838-1924. person
correspondedWith Lane, Harry person
correspondedWith Lane, Harry, 1855-1917 person
associatedWith Lovejoy, Esther Clayson Pohl, M. D., 1870-1967 person
correspondedWith Meyers, Frank S. person
correspondedWith National Association for Universal Military Training corporateBody
correspondedWith Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946 person
correspondedWith Riggs family family
correspondedWith Steffens, Lincoln, 1866-1936 person
correspondedWith Stevens, John Daniel 1847-1932. person
associatedWith Stowell, Edmund Channing, 1866- person
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Military Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Shipping Board. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oregon Medical School. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oregon. Medical School. Medical History Club. corporateBody
correspondedWith U'Ren, William Simon, 1859-1949 person
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
correspondedWith Weatherford and Wyatt. corporateBody
associatedWith Weatherford, J. K., 1850-1939 person
correspondedWith West, Oswald, 1873-1960 person
correspondedWith Wise, Herman, 1862-1926 person
associatedWith Wyatt, John Russell person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Unites States
Oregon
United States
Oregon
Oregon
Subject
Referendum--Oregon
Medicine and Health
Military training camps
Morphine--history
Legislators--Correspondence
International relations
Political Campaigns
Forestreserves--Oregon
Prohibition
Ships and shipping
Opium--history
Legislators--United States--Correspondence
Military
Otosclerosis
Law firms--Oregon--Albany
Forest reserves
Forest conservation--Oregon
Prohibition--Oregon
World War, 1914-1918--Oregon
Lawyers--Oregon--Albany--Correspondence
Forest conservation
Military Medicine
Tympanoplasty
World War, 1914-1918--United States
Scrapbooks
Governor--Correspondence
World War II
Oregon
Governors--Oregon--Correspondence
World War, 1914-1918
Referendum
Military training camps--Oregon
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1854-01-01

Death 1928-07-09

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