Pólya, George, 1887-1985

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Hungarian mathematician. Educated at the University of Budapest and the University of Paris, Pólya taught at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich from 1914 to 1940. His students included future Stanford physics professors Felix Bloch and Hans Staub. In 1942 he joined Stanford's Department of Mathematics, whose chairman, Gábor Szegö, had been a fellow student in Hungary. He continued to teach until his 90th birthday in 1977. Following early research on probability, Pólya turned to the difficult area of the theory of functions of a complex variable. He was also interested in geometry and geometrical methods. His study of symmetry in the plane was studied and applied by the Dutch artist M.C. Escher. Pólya's later work on the principles of heuristics and problem solving is credited with providing a foundation for the application of computers to artificial intelligence. In addition to his own research and teaching, Pólya was concerned with methods of teaching mathematics and mathematics teachers. He is considered the father of the current trend toward emphasizing problem solving in mathematical teaching. His very successful book HOW TO SOLVE IT has been translated into fifteen languages and is still used widely. He died in 1985.

From the description of George Polya papers, 1884-1985. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 462019720

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Hurwitz, Adolf, 1859-1919. Correspondence. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Forsythe, George, 1917-1972. George and Alexandra Forsythe papers, 1938-1979. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn De Finetti, Bruno. Papers of Bruno de Finetti, 1924-2000 [microform]. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Schoenberg, I. J., 1900-1993. Schoenberg, I. J., papers, 1913-1986. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn De Finetti, Bruno. Papers of Bruno de Finetti, 1924-2000. University of Pittsburgh
creatorOf Pólya, George, 1887-1985. George Polya papers, 1884-1985. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars records, 1927-1949, 1933-1945 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
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Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Beke, Manó, 1862-1946. person
associatedWith Bernays, Paul, 1888-1977. person
associatedWith Bieberbach, Ludwig, 1886-1982. person
associatedWith Bohr, Harald August, 1887-1951. person
associatedWith Borel, Emile, 1871-1956. person
associatedWith Brentano, Franz Clemens, 1838-1917. person
associatedWith Carathéodory, Constantin, 1873-1950. person
associatedWith De Finetti, Bruno. person
associatedWith De Finetti, Bruno. person
associatedWith Edrei, Albert. person
associatedWith Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars corporateBody
associatedWith Fejér, Lipót. person
associatedWith Fekete, Mihaly, 1886-1957. person
associatedWith Forsythe, George, 1917-1972. person
associatedWith Frege, Gottlob, 1848-1925. person
associatedWith Haar, Alfréd, 1885-1933. person
associatedWith Hadamard, Jacques, 1865-1963. person
associatedWith Hadwiger, Hugo. person
associatedWith Harary, Frank. person
associatedWith Hardy, G. H. (Godfrey Harold), 1877-1947. person
associatedWith Hecke, Erich, 1887-1947. person
associatedWith Hensel, Kurt, 1861-1941. person
associatedWith Higgins, Thomas James. person
associatedWith Hilbert, David, 1862-1943. person
associatedWith Hille, Einar, 1894-1979. person
associatedWith Hirsch, Arthur, 1866-1948. person
associatedWith Hurwitz, Adolf, 1859-1919. person
associatedWith Jentzsch, Robert, 1890- person
associatedWith Kamke, E. (Erich), 1890-1961. person
associatedWith Keszthelyi, Tibor, Dr. person
associatedWith Kiefer, Albert, 1884- person
associatedWith Knuth, Donald Ervin, 1938- person
associatedWith Kollros, Louis, 1878- person
associatedWith Landau, Edmund, 1877-1938. person
associatedWith Lehmer, D. H. (Derrick Henry), 1905- person
associatedWith Littlewood, John E. (John Edensor), 1885-1977. person
associatedWith Mittag-Leffler, Magnus Gustaf, 1846-1927. person
associatedWith Montel, Paul, b. 1876. person
associatedWith Nevanlinna, Rolf, 1895-1980. person
associatedWith Nørlund, N. E. (Niels Erik), 1885-1981. person
associatedWith Ostrowski, A. M. (Alexander M.), 1893- person
associatedWith Pfluger, Albert, 1907- person
associatedWith Prather, Carl. person
associatedWith Pringsheim, Alfred, 1850-1941. person
associatedWith Riesz, Frigyes, 1880-1956. person
associatedWith Runge, Carl, 1856-1927. person
associatedWith Schlesinger, Ludwig, b. 1864. person
associatedWith Schoenberg, I. J. person
associatedWith Schoenberg, I. J., 1900-1993. person
associatedWith Schur, Issai, 1875-1941. person
associatedWith Siegel, Carl Ludwig, 1896- person
associatedWith Sierpiński, Wacław, 1882-1969. person
associatedWith Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951. person
associatedWith Stäckel, Paul, 1862-1919. person
associatedWith Stanford University. Dept. of Mathematics corporateBody
associatedWith Stern, Alfred. person
associatedWith Szász, Otto, 1884-1952. person
associatedWith Szegő, Gábor, 1895-1985. person
associatedWith Tietze, Heinrich, 1880-1964. person
associatedWith Toeplitz, Otto, 1881-1940. person
associatedWith von Pidoll, Max. person
associatedWith Weyl, Hermann, 1885-1955. person
associatedWith Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995. person
associatedWith Wirtinger, Wilhelm, 1865-1945. person
associatedWith Young, Grace Chisolm. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Mathematics
Mathematics--Study and teaching
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1887-12-13

Death 1985-09-07

Americans

English,

German,

French

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SNAC ID: 11692993