Langer, William L. (William Leonard), 1896-1977

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William L. Langer was born in Boston in March 1896. His early education concentrated on foreign languages, but he studied history, in which he ultimately obtained his MA and Ph. D. from Harvard. He joined the faculty there in 1927, obtaining a reputation in the field of diplomatic history. In a leave status from Harvard, he served as Deputy Chief, then Chief, of the Research and Analysis Branch of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) during World War II, and was appointed an assistant to the Secretary of State in 1946. In 1943, Secretary of State Cordell Hull invited Langer to write a study of American wartime relations with the French Government. Alfred A. Knopf commercially published the work as OUR VICHY GAMBLE in 1947. It was based upon classified State, War Department, and OSS files and interviews with French and American personnel. The book stirred great controversy at the time of its publication, challenging the popular presumption that key government personnel were at least sympathetic to, if not supportive of, the Nazi attempt to unify Europe under the Nazi banner. In his preface he states, "I am happy indeed to say that my conclusions serve in general to vindicate the policy pursued by this government." Langer continued in a leave status through 1952, helping to organize the Office of National Estimates of the newly-created Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Langer remained active in the professional historical community until his death in 1977.

From the description of William L. Langer papers, 1939-1945. (US Army, Mil Hist Institute). WorldCat record id: 53139181

Langer earned his Harvard AB in 1915, his AM in 1920, and his PhD in 1923.

From the description of Germany's relations with Russia from 1890 to 1902 / William L. Langer. [1919-1920] (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 228512257

From the description of The preparation of a bibliography on the Seven Years War : History 25, 1920-1921. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 77075441

From the description of Notes in History 38, 1921. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 77075425

From the description of Notes in History 7, 1920-1921. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 77075424

From the description of Notes in Government 6, 1919-1920. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 77075399

From the description of Notes in History 41, 1921. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 77075426

Langer graduated from Harvard in 1915 and taught history at Harvard.

From the description of Papers of William Leonard Langer, 1912-1991 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 76973300

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Schmitt, Bernadotte Everly, 1886-1969. Papers of Bernadotte Everly Schmitt, 1868-1970 (bulk 1905-1969). Library of Congress
referencedIn Correspondence, 1860-1979. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Carr, Wendell Robert. Papers of Wendell Robert Carr, 1960-1969. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Carroll, Wallace, 1906-. Wallace Carroll papers, 1941-1989 (bulk 1941-1953). Library of Congress
referencedIn Papers, 1918-1993 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Langer, William L. (William Leonard), 1896-1977. With E of the First Gas [manuscript draft], 1918. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Seymour, Charles, 1885-1963. Charles Seymour papers, 1912-1963 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Langer, William L. (William Leonard), 1896-1977. The preparation of a bibliography on the Seven Years War : History 25, 1920-1921. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence, 1881-1981 (inclusive), 1940-1979 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Erik H. and Joan M. Erikson papers, 1925-1985 (inclusive) 1960-1980 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Armstrong, Hamilton Fish, 1893-1973. Hamilton Fish Armstrong papers, 1893-1973 (bulk 1916-1973). Princeton University Library
referencedIn Solon J. Buck Papers, 1778-1962, (bulk 1934-1957) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Editorial correspondence, 1923-1953. Houghton Library.
referencedIn William B. Provine collection of evolutionary biology reprints, 20th century. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Pfeiffer, Robert Henry, 1892-1958. Papers, 1911-1958 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
referencedIn Kent, Sherman. Sherman Kent papers, 1763-1991 (inclusive), 1918-1986 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. Series IV., Author and Book Designer Files, 1911-1979 (bulk 1920-1960). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Claude Halstead Van Tyne papers, 1885-1930 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Langer, William L. (William Leonard), 1896-1977. Papers of William Leonard Langer, 1912-1991 (inclusive). Harvard University, Archives
creatorOf Langer, William L. (William Leonard), 1896-1977. Notes in Government 6, 1919-1920. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn William Baskerville Hamilton Papers, 1700-1975 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn National Federation of Grain Cooperatives records, 1946-1976. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Langer, William L. (William Leonard), 1896-1977. The world crisis and American foreign policy : typescript, [ca. 1952-1953] Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Langer, William L. (William Leonard), 1896-1977. William L. Langer papers, 1939-1945. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Robert E. Sherwood papers, 1917-1968 (inclusive), 1934-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Henry Guerlac papers, 1922-1981 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Harper & Row, Publishers. Harper & Row, Publishers records, 1935-1973. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn National Federation of Grain Cooperatives. National Federation of Grain Cooperatives records, 1946-1976. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1878-1972. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
creatorOf Langer, William L. (William Leonard), 1896-1977. Germany's relations with Russia from 1890 to 1902 / William L. Langer. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Ruth Fischer papers, 1925-1961 (inclusive) 1940-1961 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Durr, Virginia Foster. Papers, 1904-1991. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Hamilton Fish Armstrong Papers, 1893-1973, 1916-1973 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Public Policy Papers.
referencedIn Harper & Row, Publishers Records, 1935-1973 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Wallace Carroll Papers, 1941-1989, (bulk 1941-1953) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Langer, William L. (William Leonard), 1896-1977. Notes in History 38, 1921. Harvard University, Archives
creatorOf Langer, William L. (William Leonard), 1896-1977. Notes in History 7, 1920-1921. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Bernadotte Everly Schmitt Papers, 1868-1970, (bulk 1905-1969) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Leon Trotsky exile papers, 1929-1940. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Charles Seymour papers, 1912-1963 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Sherman Kent papers, 1763-1991, 1918-1986 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Harper & Brothers. Editorial correspondence, 1923-1953. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Langer, William L. (William Leonard), 1896-1977. Notes in History 41, 1921. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Guerlac, Henry. Henry Guerlac papers, 1922-1981. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1920-1995. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Pfeiffer, Robert H. (Robert Henry), 1892-1958. Papers, 1928-1957. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith American Academy of Arts and Sciences. corporateBody
associatedWith American Historical Association. corporateBody
correspondedWith Armstrong, Hamilton Fish, 1893-1973. person
associatedWith Brookings Institution. corporateBody
associatedWith Buck, Solon J. (Solon Justus), 1884-1962 person
associatedWith Bundy, McGeorge. person
associatedWith Carroll, Wallace, 1906- person
associatedWith Carr, Wendell Robert. person
associatedWith Council on Foreign Relations. corporateBody
associatedWith Durr, Virginia Foster. person
correspondedWith Erikson, Erik H. (Erik Homburger), 1902-1994 person
associatedWith Fay, Sidney Bradshaw, 1876-1967. person
correspondedWith Fischer, Ruth, 1895- person
associatedWith Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. corporateBody
associatedWith Gilmore, Myron Piper, 1910- person
associatedWith Gleason, S. Everett (Sarell Everett), 1905-1974. person
associatedWith Guerlac, Henry. person
associatedWith Hamilton, William Baskerville, 1908-1972 person
associatedWith Harper & Brothers. corporateBody
correspondedWith Harper & Brothers. person
associatedWith Harper & Row, Publishers. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Dept. of History corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Russian Research Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard-Yenching Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Henry Guerlac. person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
correspondedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Kent, Sherman. person
associatedWith Kent, Sherman, 1903- person
associatedWith La Piana, George, 1879-1971 person
associatedWith Levin, Harry, 1912-1994 person
associatedWith National Federation of Grain Cooperatives. corporateBody
associatedWith National Federation of Grain Cooperatives. corporateBody
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
associatedWith Pfeiffer, Robert Henry, 1892-1958. person
correspondedWith Provine, William B. person
associatedWith Schmitt, Bernadotte Everly, 1886-1969. person
associatedWith Seymour, Charles, 1885-1963. person
correspondedWith Sherwood, Robert E. (Robert Emmet), 1896-1955 person
associatedWith Toynbee, Arnold, 1889-1975. person
correspondedWith Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940 person
associatedWith United States. Army. Gas Regiment, 1st. Company E. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Central Intelligence Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Strategic Services. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Tyne, Claude Halstead, 1869-1930 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Europe
France
United States
United States
Subject
History--Societies, etc
World War, 1914-1918--Personal narratives, American
World War, 1939-1945--Diplomatic history
Operation Torch
World War, 1939-1945
Refugees
Engineers
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1896-03-16

Death 1977-12-26

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6vx1294

SNAC ID: 44983457