Hall, Charles Martin, 1863-1914

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Chemist, inventor, manufacturer, and Oberlin College benefactor.

Born in Thomson, Ohio and raised in Oberlin, Ohio, Hall was educated at Oberlin College (A.B. 1885, A.M. 1893, honorary L.L.D. 1910). In 1886, Hall discovered the electrolytic process of reducing aluminum from its ores (patent applied for, 1886; granted 1889). When the Cowles Electric Smelting and Aluminum Company of Lockport, New York gave up the option on the patent, Hall obtained financial backing from the Mellons and other investors to form the Pittsburgh Reduction Company in 1888. Litigation over patent infringement raged from 1891 to 1903. A member of the Oberlin College Board of Trustees from 1905 to 1914, Hall left a bequest of over $10 million to Oberlin College following his death in 1914.

From the description of Papers, 1882-1985. (Oberlin College Library). WorldCat record id: 25029716

Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aluminum Company of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Brainerd, Julia, 1859-1926. person
associatedWith Cowles, Alfred Hutchinson, 1858-1929. person
associatedWith Cowles Electric Smelting and Aluminum Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Davis, Arthur Vining, 1867-1962. person
associatedWith Hall, Ella Louise person
associatedWith Hall family family
associatedWith Hall, Ruth Elizabeth person
associatedWith Héroult, Paul L. T., 1863-1914. person
associatedWith Hunt, Alfred E. (Alfred Ephraim), 1855-1899. person
associatedWith Jewett, F. F. (Frank Fanning), 1844-1926. person
associatedWith King, Henry Churchill, 1858-1934. person
associatedWith Metcalf, Irving Wight, 1855-1938. person
associatedWith Moon, Sibyl Peaslee person
associatedWith OAC Review Index (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Oberlin College corporateBody
associatedWith Oberlin College. Board of Trustees. corporateBody
associatedWith Peaslee family family
associatedWith Pittsburg Reduction Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Rohr family family
associatedWith Smith, Vivien Whittier person
associatedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. person
associatedWith Van Winkle family family
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
New York (N.Y.)
Aluminum industry and trade--History--Sources
Technological innovations
Families--New York (State)--New York
Inventions--History--19th century--Sources
Hall Héroult process
Patent suits--History--19th century--Sources


Birth 1863-12-06

Death 1914-12-27


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