Weidenreich, Franz, 1873-1948

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Franz Weidenreich was a German-born anthropologist who became a research associate in the Dept. of Anthropology at the American Museum of Natural History.

Weidenreich studied zoology and medicine, receiving his medical degree from the University of Strasbourg in 1899 and becoming professor of anatomy. His scholarly work focused on human blood and the lymph system, but his interests broadened as he explored the connections of hematology with other human systems: first osteology, in which he published several works on dentition, and an influential paper on the evolution of the human foot; then physical anthropology and eventually, human evolution and the search for human origins. Forced out of Germany by the Nazis, Weidenreich became a visiting professor of anatomy and anthropology at the University of Chicago. In 1935, Weidenreich went to China, where he continued the work of Davidson Black in excavating the remains of Peking man. Under his direction, a series of skulls was exhumed for study. In 1941, after the Japanese invasion of China, Weidenreich came to the AMNH. He left unfinished his work on Java man, the series of fossil skulls discovered by G.H.R. von Koenigswald.

From the description of Collection, 1910-1948 (bulk 1935-1948). (American Museum of Natural History). WorldCat record id: 57451085

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Weidenreich, Franz. The Keilor skull : a Wadjak type from South east Australia. Libraries Australia
referencedIn China Medical Board of New York, Inc. Archives, 1918-1951. Rockefeller Archive Center, Rockefeller University, Pocantico Hills
referencedIn William B. Provine collection of evolutionary biology reprints, 20th century. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn American Museum of Natural History. Special Films Collection: Archaeological film, 1935-1941. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars records, 1927-1949, 1933-1945 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Weidenreich, Franz, 1873-1948. Collection, 1910-1948 (bulk 1935-1948). American Museum of Natural History
referencedIn Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959. Ross Granville Harrison papers, 1820-1975 (inclusive), 1889-1959 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959. Ross Granville Harrison papers, 1820-1975 (inclusive), 1889-1959 (bulk). Yale University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Keilor / Maribyrnong River (Melbourne Vic SJ55-05)
Fossil hominids
Homo erectus
Peking man
Human beings--Origin
Human biology--Physical anthropology--Craniology
Physical anthropology--History--Sources
Solo man
Human evolution


Birth 1873-06-07

Death 1948-07-11





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