Oglethorpe, James Edward, 1696-1785

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James Edward Oglethorpe (1696-1785) was an English statesman and soldier who served as a member of Parliament for thirty-two years. His interest in penal reform coupled with his humanitarian bent and support for imperial expansion led him to conceive of and establish the American colony of Georgia, where newly freed and unemployed debtors from England were to be sent. In addition to his political and philanthropic interests, Oglethorpe was active in the military, attaining the rank of General and, late in life, passed into the literary circle of Samuel Johnson (1709-1784). He died in England.

From the description of Estate papers, 1770-1789. (American Antiquarian Society). WorldCat record id: 207161937

James Edward Oglethorpe (1696-1785), founder of Georgia, born in London, England.

From the description of Letter to Sir John Philipps, 1734 Jan. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38478068

Epithet: Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in Carolina and Georgia

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000357.0x00018c

Epithet: Brigadier-General

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000357.0x000181

In the early 18th century, the Moravians, in Germany, experiencing a revival of their faith, encountered misunderstanding and religious persecution. Their leader, Count Nicolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf, inquired of the Trustees of Georgia whether a party of Moravians might settle in Georgia. After receiving a positive response from the Trustees, the first small contingent of Moravians arrived in Savannah in 1735. Initially, the Protestant group was led by August Gottlieb Spangenberg and David Nitschmann and Johann Hagenin Savannah. The group concentration on converting Native Americans and slaves in the region. By 1745, most of the group left Georgia for Europe and Pennsylvania. Groups of Moravians returned to Georgia intermittently in 1745, 1765, 1774, and 1800.

From the description of James Edward Oglethorpe and Count Nicolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf letters, 1734-1735. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 180190203

Epithet: General MP

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000351.0x000244

Colonist of Georgia.

From the description of Autograph receipt signed : London?, 1728 Apr. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270611646

Epithet: Lieutenant-General

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000357.0x000183

Epithet: General

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000357.0x000182

British soldier, politician, and founder of the colony of Georgia. In June of 1740 Oglethorpe led a force of Georgians and Carolinians on an unsuccessful expedition against the Spanish at Saint Augustine, Florida.

From the description of Letter : to Colonel Vanderdussen, 1740 July 13. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 36793865

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Garden, Alexander, 1686-1756. Letter, 1743 March 20, Charles-Town, So[uth] Car[o]l[i]na. New England Historic Genealogical Society, NEHGS
referencedIn Baine, Rodney M. Rodney Baine papers, 1980s-1990s. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Oglethorpe, James Edward, 1696-1785. James Edward Oglethorpe and Count Nicolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf letters, 1734-1735. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn LEEDS PAPERS. Vol. CXXI (ff. 274). Correspondence and papers of Lord Holdernesse relating to naval and military affairs; 1748-1762 (mostly of the years 1755-1760). Partly French. Included are:-(1) Papers relating to the seizure and detention of neut..., 1748-1762 British Library
referencedIn Letters of Samuel Johnson, LL.D., collected and edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1413-1900 (inclusive), 1775-1839 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Gamble, Thomas, 1868-1945. Thomas Gamble scrapbooks and photographs, 1883-1945. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Unknown. James Edward Oglethorpe autograph and print, 1727, undated. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Gascoigne, James. Letter book, 1735-1747, (bulk, 1735-1736). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Margaret Davis Cate Papers, 1591-1967. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Revell, Thomas. Claim against King George II, 1748 July 5. Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Oglethorpe, James Edward, 1696-1785. Letter : to Colonel Vanderdussen, 1740 July 13. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
referencedIn Vol. cxii. (ff. 367). Diplomatic Correspondence Jan.-Apr. 1738.Sir Benjamin Keene, KB; diplomatist: Correspondence with the Duke of Newcastle: 1727-1756.George II of England: Correspondence of the Duke of Newcastle, Sec. of State, etc.: 1727 -1760.:... British Library
referencedIn Vol. cccvii. (ff. 378). General Correspondence Undated. Paper. Folio.General Ricardo Wall, Spanish Minister in England, and Minister of State: Correspondence with the Duke of Newcastle: 1747 -1755.George III of England: Correspondence of the Duke of..., 1697-1768 British Library
referencedIn Floyd, Marmaduke Hamilton, 1888-1949. Marmaduke Hamilton and Dolores Boisfeuillet Floyd papers, 1562-1970 Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Great Britain. Army. Regiment of Foot, 42nd. Oglethorpe's Regiment muster roll. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn British warrant for payment to James Oglethorpe, 1744 July 5. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Oglethorpe Monument Commission (Savannah, Ga.). Oglethorpe Monument Commission papers, 1906-1929. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Ireland, Samuel, d. 1800. Etching of General James Oglethorpe, 1785. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Perceval, John, Earl, 1683-1748. Egmont papers, 173u-174u. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Montiano, Manuel de. Manuel de Montiano letters, 1737-1741. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Frank Baker collection of Wesleyana and British Methodism, 1536-1996 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Jones, George Fenwick, 1916-. George Fenwick Jones memoirs and research materials, 1733-2001. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Bevan, Joseph Vallence, 1798-1830. Joseph Vallence Bevan papers, 1733-1826. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Vol. xvii. (ff. 411). Home Correspondence Jan.-Apr. 1744.George II of England: Correspondence of the Duke of Newcastle, Sec. of State, etc.: 1727 -1760.: Diplomatic.includes:ff. 1, 40, 143 William Poole, junior, of Poole: Correspondence with the Duk... British Library
referencedIn Vol. CLXXIV. (ff. 461). General Correspondence 6 Sept.-10 Oct. 1755.George II of England: Correspondence of the Duke of Newcastle, Sec. of State, etc.: 1727 -1760.: Home and Diplomatic.includes:ff. 1, 3, 32, 363, 386 Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grant... British Library
referencedIn Sir Hans Sloane, Baronet: Original correspondence, chronologically arranged: 17th-18th centt.includes:f. 1 Jaques Levi, of Venice: Letters to Sir H. Sloane: 1722-1744.: Fr. and Engl.ff. 1, 198, 337, 353 Abbé Jean Paul Bignon, Librarian to Louis X... British Library
referencedIn Mellichamp, Josephine. Georgiana Research Papers of Josephine Mellichamp, 1963-1988 (bulk 1975-1984). University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Historical events-- artifacts, 1750-1945. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Boswell, James, 1740-1795. Boswell Collection, 1428-1936 (bulk 1700-1795). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Wood, Raiford J. The travels of Oglethorpe in Georgia / drawn by Raiford J. Wood. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn GOLDSM1TH-PERCY PAPERS. Vol I (ff. 130). Correspondence and papers of Oliver Goldsmith; 1753-1773. Viz:-(1) Letters and notes from Goldsmith, all original save the first, and all published in K. C. Balderston's edition of the Letters mentioned above..., 1753-1773 British Library
referencedIn Moore, Francis, fl. 1744. A Voyage to Georgia : Begun the 15th of October, 1735, [17--]. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn William Gill indentures, 1788, 1790. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Anderson, Jefferson Randolph, 1861-1950. Jefferson Randolph Anderson letter, 1910. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Gentleman's Magazine and Thomas Lediard articles on Georgia history, 1732-1734. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Dedman, Stanley Charles. Stanley C. Dedman collection, 1969- University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Ettinger, Amos Aschbach, 1901-. Ettinger papers, 1926-1935. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Oglethorpe, James Edward, 1696-1785. Letter to Sir John Philipps, 1734 Jan. 16. Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Oglethorpe, James Edward, 1696-1785. Autograph receipt signed : London?, 1728 Apr. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Anderson, Jefferson Randolph, 1861-1950. J. Randolph Anderson collection on the Wayne, Stites, and Anderson family, 1753-1960. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn American Jewish Archives. American Jewish Archives collection on Georgia history, 1727-1779. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Establishment of the military forces in Great Britain : copybook, 1731-1737. Library of Congress
referencedIn James Edward Oglethorpe Papers, 1730-1785. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Great Britain. Privy Council. Minutes of the Privy Council's reply to a Spanish Memorial concerning James Oglethorpe, 1737? University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn ACCOUNT of "a tour into the Indian Nations" made by General James Edward Oglethorpe, Commander of the British Forces in S. Carolina and Georgia, "to establish peace between them and the English," and of his subsequent operations against the Spaniards... British Library
referencedIn QUIETUS to "James [Edward] Oglethorpe Esq^r, General and Commander in Chief of his Majesty's fforces in South Carolina and Georgia in America upon his Account thereof between the 22^d of September 1738 and Michaelmas 1743." Official certified copy fr..., 1792 British Library
referencedIn Vol. xv. (ff. 347). Home Correspondence Jan.-July, 1743.George II of England: Correspondence of the Duke of Newcastle, Sec. of State, etc.: 1727 -1760.: Diplomatic.includes:ff. 1, 100 John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury: Correspondence with the Du... British Library
referencedIn Boswell Collection, 1428-1936, 1700-1795 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Swinney, Sidney, 1721 or 2-1783. Sidney Swinney letter, 1768, 1923. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Oglethorpe, James Edward, 1696-1785. Estate papers, 1770-1789. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn Milledge, John, 1721-1781. Milledge Family papers, 1742-1851 Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Willard, Joseph. Thaddeus Mason Harris (1769-1842) collection, 1830?-1841. Georgia Historical Society
creatorOf SCOTT PAPERS: letter book of George Scott (d. 1780), D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A., of Woolston Hall, co. Essex, supplementing Eg. MSS. 3725-3755; 7 Nov. 1772-15 May 1773. Autograph. Includes many letters relating to St John's College, Oxford. Addressees ar... British Library
referencedIn McQueen, John. Papers, 1786. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Perceval, John, Earl, 1683-1748. Sir John Perceval papers, 1732-1745. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Gascoigne, James, fl. 1735-1747. Letter book, 1735-1747, (bulk, 1735-1736). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, John, 1735-1826. person
associatedWith American Jewish Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Anderson, Jefferson Randolph, 1861-1950. person
associatedWith Baine, Rodney M. person
associatedWith Baker, Frank, 1910-1999 person
associatedWith Bevan, Joseph Vallence, 1798-1830. person
associatedWith Boswell, James, 1740-1795. person
associatedWith Dedman, Stanley Charles. person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Ettinger, Amos Aschbach, 1901- person
associatedWith Floyd, Marmaduke Hamilton, 1888-1949 person
associatedWith Gamble, Thomas, 1868-1945. person
associatedWith Garden, Alexander, 1686-1756. person
associatedWith Gascoigne, James. person
associatedWith Gascoigne, James, fl. 1735-1747. person
associatedWith Great Britain. Army. Regiment of Foot, 42nd. corporateBody
associatedWith Great Britain. Privy Council. corporateBody
associatedWith Hill, Richard, fl. 1740. person
associatedWith Ireland, Samuel, d. 1800. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784 person
associatedWith Jones, George Fenwick, 1916- person
associatedWith McQueen, John. person
associatedWith Mellichamp, Josephine. person
associatedWith Milledge, John, 1721-1781 person
associatedWith Montiano, Manuel de. person
associatedWith Moore, Francis, fl. 1744. person
associatedWith Oglethorpe, Elizabeth Wright. person
associatedWith Oglethorpe Monument Commission (Savannah, Ga.) corporateBody
associatedWith Perceval, John, Earl, 1683-1748. person
associatedWith Philipps, John, Sir, 1700-1764. person
associatedWith Plowden, Francis, 1749-1829. person
associatedWith Revell, Thomas. person
associatedWith Swinney, Sidney, 1721 or 2-1783. person
associatedWith Tomo-chi-chi, d. 1739. person
associatedWith Unknown. person
associatedWith Vanderdussen, Alexander, d. 1759. person
associatedWith Wood, Raiford J. person
associatedWith Woodwards, person
associatedWith Zinzendorf, Nicolaus Ludwig, Graf von, 1700-1760. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Havana, Cuba
Boroughbridge, Yorkshire
India, Asia
London, England
Hastings, Sussex
Hamburg, Germany
Florida
Georgia
Cliffe Regis, Northamptonshire
Georgia
United States of America
United States of America
Boston, Lincolnshire
Rochester, Kent
United States of America
Fort St. Augustine, Florida
Scotland, United Kingdom
Falmouth, Cornwall
Ireland, Europe
Ireland, Europe
South Carolina
St Louis, W. Africa
Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia
Plymouth, Devon
Georgia
Rochefort, France
Subject
Estates (law)
Indians of North America
Saint Augustine Expedition, Fla., 1740
Moravians--History
Anglo--Spanish War, 1739-1748--Campaigns
Protestants
Salzburgers--Emigration, 1731-1735
Religious refugees
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1696-12-22

Death 1785-07-01

Britons

German,

French,

English,

Latin

Information

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