Spaatz, Carl, 1891-1974

Alternative names
Birth 1891-06-28
Death 1974-07-14

Biographical notes:

Air Force officer.

From the description of Reminiscences of Carl Spaatz : oral history, 1959. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122620304

Air Force Officer.

From the description of Reminiscences of Carl Spaatz :koral history, 1970. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122565490

Army and Air Force officer. Full name: Carl Andrew Spaatz.

From the description of Carl Spaatz papers, 1910-1981 (bulk 1942-1963). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980207

Biographical Note

  • 1891, June 28: Born, Boyertown, Pa.
  • 1914: B.S., United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y. Commissioned second lieutenant, United States Army
  • 1915 - 1916 : Student, Aviation School, San Diego, Calif.
  • 1916: Assigned to First Aero Squadron, the aviation unit of General John J. Pershing's expedition in Mexico
  • 1917: Married Ruth Harrison
  • 1917 - 1918 : American Expeditionary Forces in France during World War I; commanding officer of American aviation training center at Issoudun; flew combat missions with the Thirteenth Aero Squadron, Second Pursuit Group
  • 1920 - 1933 : Command positions in the Army Air Forces
  • 1925: Air Service Tactical School
  • 1929: Commanded the "Question Mark" flight, crewed by Ira C. Eaker, Elwood R. Quesada, and Harry A Halverson, which set endurance records for completing over 150 hours of continuous flight by refueling in mid-air
  • 1933 - 1935 : Chief, Training and Operations Division, Office of the Chief of Air Corps
  • 1936: Command and General Staff School
  • 1940: Chief, Plans Division, Army Air Force Headquarters Chief, Materiel Division, Army Air Force Headquarters Assistant Military Attaché (Air) in London, England, as official observer during the Battle of Britain
  • 1941: Chief of Air Staff
  • 1942: Commander, Air Force Combat Command Commander, Eighth Air Force Commander, Air Force, North African Theater of Operations, United States Army
  • 1943: Commander, Northwest African Air Force, Italy
  • 1944: Commander in chief, Strategic Air Forces, Europe
  • 1945: Commander in chief, Strategic Air Forces, Japan
  • 1946: Commanding general, Army Air Forces
  • 1947: First chief of staff, United States Air Force
  • 1948: Retired from the United States Air Force
  • 1948 - 1961 : Military affairs columnist, Newsweek
  • 1974, July 14: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Carl Spaatz Papers, 1910-1981, (bulk 1942-1963), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)


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Ark ID:


  • Veterans--Interviews
  • Aeronautics
  • Aeronautics, Military
  • World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations
  • World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American
  • Air pilots--Interviews
  • Aviation
  • Operation Overlord
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--France--Normandy
  • Operation Torch, 1942
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Africa, North


  • Airforce officers
  • Army officers


  • France--Normandy (as recorded)
  • Africa, North (as recorded)