Newell, Allen

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Computer scientist.

From the description of Oral history interview with Allen Newell, 1991 June 10-12. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 63277416

Allen Newell was born in San Francisco, California in 1927 and died in Pittsburgh, PA in 1992. He was the Carnegie Mellon University U. A. and Helen Whitaker Professor of Computer Science.

Newell had been a faculty of CMU as professor from 1961 until his death on July 19, 1992. He received his B.S. in physics from Stanford University in 1949, and his doctorate in IndustrialAdministration from Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1957. Newell worked at the RAND Corporation as a research scientist from 1950- 1961. While a researcher at RAND, Newell was instrumental with the production of programs such as ZOG and JOSS. At the RAND Corporation, Newell became acquainted with Herbert Simon, Nobel Laureate and then professor of Industrial Administration at Carnegie Institute of Technology. One of their largest efforts was the establishment of Carnegie Mellon's Department (later School) of Computer Science. On June 23, 1992 Newell was awarded the prestigious National Medal of Science.

Newell also served as the first president of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence and was instrumental in the creation and development of scientific studies utilizing human cognition and artificial intelligence. Newell authored and co-authored more than 250 publications which include 10 books. Through the combined effort of Newell and Simon the work, "Human Problem Solving" was published in 1972. In 1990, Newell authored "Unified Theories of Cognition," which was his last publication. Newell headed the Task Force on the Future of Computing at Carnegie Mellon University. He also delivered the William James Lectures at the Harvard Department of Psychology in 1987, and various other institutions.

The project for which Newell is most credited is that of SOAR. SOAR is an artificially intelligent software system capable of problem solving and learning in ways similar to human beings. The SOAR project began in early 1980 and is now used at research institutions around the country. In October 1992,the CMU School of Computer Science honored Allen Newell through a symposium entitled Mind Matters. The symposium focused on artificial intelligence and current computing technology.

From the description of The Allen Newell Collection, 1940-1992. 1940-1992. (Carnegie Mellon University). WorldCat record id: 37295390

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Newell, Allen. The Allen Newell Collection, 1940-1992. Carnegie Mellon University, Hunt Library
referencedIn Simon, Herbert A. (Herbert Alexander), 1916-2001. The Herbert A. Simon collection, 1940-, 1950-1990. Carnegie Mellon University, Hunt Library
creatorOf Newell, Allen. Oral history interview with Allen Newell, 1991 June 10-12. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Charles Babbage Institute. Charles Babbage Institute Oral history collection, 1979-1991. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn McCorduck, Pamela, 1940-. The Pamela McCorduck collection, 1972-1979. Carnegie Mellon University, Hunt Library
referencedIn Charles Babbage Institute oral history collection, 1979-1991 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Association for Artificial Intelligence. corporateBody
associatedWith Bell, Gordon. person
associatedWith Carnegie Mellon University. Computer Science Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Carnegie-Mellon University. Computer Science Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Charles Babbage Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith CogNet. corporateBody
associatedWith Cooper, Robert B. person
associatedWith Green, Burt. person
associatedWith Heilmeier, George H. person
associatedWith John, Bonnie Elizabeth. person
associatedWith Laird, John, 1954- person
associatedWith Licklider, J. C. R. person
associatedWith Massachusetts Institute of Technology. corporateBody
associatedWith McCorduck, Pamela, 1940- person
associatedWith National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Institutes of Health (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Norberg, Arthur L. (Arthur Lawrence), 1938- person
associatedWith Perlis, Alan J. person
associatedWith Project SOAR. corporateBody
associatedWith Rand Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Reddy, Raj. person
associatedWith Rosenbloom, Paul S. person
associatedWith Shaw, J. C. person
associatedWith Simon, Herbert A. (Herbert Alexander), 1916-2001. person
associatedWith Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Computer Science Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Traub, J. F. (Joseph Frederick), 1932- person
associatedWith United States. Advanced Research Projects Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Advanced Research Projects Agency. Information Processing Techniques Office. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Defense. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Artificial intelligence--Research
Automatic speech recognition
Computer chess
Computer science--Research
Cognition
Problem solving
Human-computer interaction
Programming languages (Electronic computers)--History
Logician
ARPANET (Computer network)
Artificial intelligence
Electronic data processing--Distributed processing
Computer science--History
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1927-03-19

Death 1992-07-19

Americans

English

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