Jones, Mother, 1837-1930

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Mary Harris, reportedly born May 1, 1830, but more likely born in 1836, in Cork, Ireland, was an active participant in the labor movement in the United States for nearly sixty years. Before acquiring the name "Mother" Jones and perceived as the "Miners' Angel," Mary Harris had taught in Catholic schools in Michigan and Tennessee, had married George Jones and had four children. By 1867, Jones had lost her family to a yellow fever epidemic in Memphis, Tennessee. By the 1870s, "Mother" Jones began her long involvement in the labor struggle, by participating in various strikes such as the Pittsburgh Labor Riots (1877), the Western Virginia Anthracite Coal Strike (1902), and the Colorado Coal Field and Arizona Copper Field organization movements. She also led the Children Textile Workers March from Philadelphia to Teddy Roosevelt's home in Oyster Bay, Long Island (1902). Mother Jones was affiliated with the Knights of Labor and a lifelong friend of Terence V. Powderly. She was an official labor organizer for the United Mine Workers. Up to her death on November 30, 1930 in Maryland, Mother Jones spoke out against labor injustice and for the protection of "her boys." Mother Jones is buried in the United Mine Workers Cemetery in Mount Olive, Illinois.

From the description of The Mother Jones papers. 1900-1932. (Catholic University of America). WorldCat record id: 175296753

Mother Jones, union activist, was born Mary Harris in Ireland, immigrated to the United States, lost her husband and children to typhoid in 1867, and joined the labor movement. She helped found the International Workers of the World (IWW) in 1905 and was particularly associated with the United Mine Workers and the Socialist Party of America. She gained prominence while organizing men, women, and children which contributed to long-sought reforms in child-labor and mine safety. She was active into the 1920s and published The Autobiography of Mother Jones in 1925. She died 30 November 1930 in Silver Spring, Maryland.

From the description of Mother Jones letters to Mrs. Conroy concerning strike involvement in Colorado, 1911. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 236170077

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Jones, Mother, 1837-1930. The Mother Jones papers. Catholic University of America
referencedIn Utah National Guard. Carbon County coal strike records, 1903-1904; 1909. Utah. Division of Archives and Records Service
referencedIn Mitchell, John, 1870-1919. Papers, 1885-1919. [microfilm]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Malcolm, Joseph Wallace, 1918-,. Oral history interview with Joseph Wallace Malcolm, [sound recording] / interviewed by June Holmes, 1990. Boulder Public Library
referencedIn Doyle, Edward Lawrence, 1886-. Papers, 1890-1943 [microform]. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Charles H. Kerr Company. Charles H. Kerr Company records, 1885-1999. Newberry Library
creatorOf Jones, Mother, 1837-1930. Mother Jones letters to Mrs. Conroy concerning strike involvement in Colorado, 1911. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Morgan, Thomas John, 1847-1912. Papers, 1892-1939. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Colorado Prospector : historical highlights from early day newspapers, v. 22, n. 1, 1991 Jan. Boulder Public Library
referencedIn Hamlin, Joanne. Papers, 1975. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Turner, John Kenneth, 1879-1948. Letter, 1913 Apr. 10, Charleston, W. Va. [to] Fred D. Warren [Girard, Kan.]. Pittsburg State University, Leonard H. Axe Library
referencedIn Green, Archie. Archie Green papers, 1944-2009. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Chicago Federation of Labor and Industrial Union Council. Chicago Federation of Labor records, ca. 1890-1983. Chicago History Museum
creatorOf Turner, John Kenneth, 1879-1948. Letter, 1913 Apr. 17, Charleston, W. Va. [to] Fred D. Warren, Girard, Kan. / John Kenneth Turner. Pittsburg State University, Leonard H. Axe Library
creatorOf Turner, John Kenneth, 1879-1948. Letter, 1913 May 8, Central Valley, N.Y. [to] Fred D. Warren, Girard, Kan. / John Kenneth Turner. Pittsburg State University, Leonard H. Axe Library
referencedIn Feeney, William P. Papers of William P. Feeney, 1912-1980, (bulk 1912-1939). University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn She's Nobody's Baby collection, 1980-1987 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Sophia Smith Collection. Biography collection, 1771-1995 (bulk 1920s-70s). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn University of California, Berkeley. New Left pamphlet collection, 1893-1973 and undated. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Green, William, 1870-1952. William Green papers [microform], 1891-1952. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Powderly, Terence Vincent, 1849-1924. The papers of Terence Vincent Powderly. Catholic University of America
referencedIn Dollinger, Genora Johnson. Individual labor activists. California State University, Long Beach
referencedIn Germer, Adolph, 1881-. Oral history interview with Adolph Germer, 1960. Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
referencedIn Littledale, Clara Savage, 1891-1956. Papers, 1903-1982 (inclusive), 1903-1956 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Charles H. Kerr Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Chicago Federation of Labor and Industrial Union Council. corporateBody
associatedWith Conroy family, family
associatedWith Conroy, Joe. person
correspondedWith Doyle, Edward Lawrence, 1886- person
associatedWith Feeney, William P. person
associatedWith Germer, Adolph, 1881- person
associatedWith Green, Archie. person
associatedWith Green, William, 1870-1952. person
associatedWith Hamlin, Joanne. person
associatedWith Knights of Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith Littledale, Clara Savage, 1891-1956. person
associatedWith Malcolm, Joseph Wallace, 1918-, person
associatedWith Mitchell, John, 1870-1919. person
associatedWith Morgan, Thomas John, 1847-1912. person
associatedWith Powderly, Terence Vincent, 1849-1924. person
associatedWith Turner, John Kenneth, 1879-1948. person
associatedWith Utah National Guard. corporateBody
associatedWith Zukauckas, Connie. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Women labor leaders--Correspondence
Labor movement--History
Labor unions--Organizing--20th century


Birth 1837-08-01

Death 1930-11-29





Ark ID: w6qr8qsz

SNAC ID: 2082832