Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801

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German author and physiognomist.

From the description of Vermischte physiognomische Regeln : Manuscript fuer Freunde, 1789. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122497464

From the guide to the Vermischte physiognomische Regeln : Manuscript fuer Freunde, 1789, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Swiss physiognomist.

From the description of Letter, 1781, Mar. 16 : Zürich. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35130848

Swiss scholar.

From the description of Regles physionomiques; ou, observations sur quelques traits caracteristiques (treatise on physiognomy), 1795. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86093271

Swiss poet, theologian, mystic, and physiognomist.

From the description of Andenken en Liebe Reisende : autograph manuscript signed : Zürich, 1787 July 9-1788 Nov. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270870145

From the description of Letter signed : Zurich, to Mr. Tighe, 1788 Nov. 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270598244

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Zurich, to educational councillor Lampe in Salz-Dalum, 1787 Nov. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270598248

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [Zurich?], to Philipp Erasmus Reich, bookseller in Leipzig, 1776 May 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270598238

Johann Caspar Lavater was born in Zürich in 1741, the son of a physician. He trained as a clergyman and at the beginning of his career campaigned successfully against corruption in the government of the canton. Having made many local enemies during this controversy, he undertook a journey with his friend Heinrich Füssli through northern Germany, where he met several prominent authors and public figures. Upon his return to Switzerland, he became increasingly well known as an eloquent preacher, which led finally to his appointment as deacon (1778) and then pastor (1786) of St. Peter's Church in Zürich. His later years were overshadowed by political events. Because of his outspoken criticism of the government, he came under suspicion of collaboration with Russia and Austria and was arrested in May 1799 and deported to Basel. Released in June, he returned to Zürich where, in September, he was himself wounded while trying to help wounded soldiers during the occupation of the city by the French. His injuries resulted in a long and painful illness, of which he died on 2 January 1801.

Lavater's numerous published works include poems, prose works devoted to his emotional, pietistic brand of Christianity, and the famous Physiognomische Fragmente, published in four volumes between 1775 and 1778 and illustrated with many engravings. Lavater's friendship with Goethe began by letter in 1772. They first met in 1774, and, as is well known, Goethe made minor contributions to the Physiognomische Fragmente . The friendship cooled during the early 1780s as Goethe became alienated by Lavater's growing religious fanaticism.

From the guide to the Lavater collection., 1775-1816, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Letter, 1781, Mar. 16 : Zürich. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Portrait prints from the Swiss Enlightenment collection [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Hasenkamp, Christoph Hermann Gottfried, 1774-1834. Betrachtungen über Epheser 3:14-21 : manuscript, [ca. 1821]. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Lazara, Giovanni de, 1744-1833. Papers, ca. 1763-1833. Getty Research Library
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Souvenir pour des voyageurs chéris : manuscript, 1788. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn S., C. C.S. letter to Madamoiselle Dowdeswell, [1792] July 14. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn George Powell Archive, 1333-1915 Aberystwyth University
referencedIn C.-S. C.S. letter to Madamoiselle Dowdeswell, [1792] July 14. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Lord Chatam oder Pitts Büste / commentiert von Johann Caspar Lavater für Freund Hegner in Winterthur : manuscript, 1789. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Regles physionomiques; ou, observations sur quelques traits caracteristiques (treatise on physiognomy), 1795. J. Paul Getty Center, Arts Archives
creatorOf Vermischte physiognomische Regeln : Manuscript fuer Freunde, 1789 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Fäsi-Gessner, Conr., 1796-1870. Conrad Fäsi-Gessner papers, circa 1812-1870. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Franks, Isaac, 1759-1822. Huffnagle collection, 1784-1895. Bucks County Historical Society
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Souvenir d'amitie et de reconnaissance pour Mr. E. Louis [manuscript] / delapart de Jean Gaspar Lavater. Pasteur. Zuric, Samedy, 16 Janv. 1790. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Papers, consisting of several letters, notes, a poem, and engravings [manuscript] 1780-98. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Schmerz und kindlicher Glauben und Kraft des Mannes in Christus ... : [Gedicht] / Lavater. Bibliotheksservice-Zentrum Baden-Württemberg, BSZ
creatorOf Lavater collection., 1775-1816 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Extra-illustrated Life of Nollekens, 1708-1875, 1768-1836 Yale Center for British Art
referencedIn Autograph File, L, 1641-1976. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Roland, Mme (Marie-Jeanne), 1754-1793. Autograph draft of a letter signed with initials : place not specified, to Johann Caspar Lavater, [1787 Oct.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn William A. Speck collection of Goetheana : manuscripts, 1542-1967, 1770-1900 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Hell, Theodor, 1775-1856. Winkler collection, 1748-1854. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Andenken en Liebe Reisende : autograph manuscript signed : Zürich, 1787 July 9-1788 Nov. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Letter signed : Zurich, to Mr. Tighe, 1788 Nov. 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Über Undankbarkeit und Dankbarkeit : Lucä XVII. 11-19. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Roland, Mme (Marie-Jeanne), 1754-1793. Collection of autograph letters : France, to various recipients, 1776-1787. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Autograph letter signed : Zurich, to educational councillor Lampe in Salz-Dalum, 1787 Nov. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Winkler collection, 1748-1854 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Books from the library of Amos Bronson Alcott, 1579-1893. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Donald Hyde and Mary Hyde Eccles Autograph Collection, 1505-1957 (inclusive), 1702-1854 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Hell, Theodor, 1775-1856. Winkler collection, 1748-1854. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Vermischte physiognomische Regeln : Manuscript fuer Freunde, 1789. American Primers
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Vermischte physiognomische Reglen : [Zurich] / Johann Caspar Lavater, 1789. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Album materials, 1777-1925 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Vermischte physiognomische Regeln; manuscript für Freunde. Mit einigen Handrissen und Linien. Erstes Hundert. 1788. University of Michigan
referencedIn Speck, William A. (William Alfred), 1864-1928. William A. Speck collection of Goetheana : manuscripts, 1542-1967 (bulk 1770-1900). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Autograph album, 1811-1874 and undated. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Hasenkamp, Christoph Hermann Gottfried, 1774-1834. Betrachtungen über Epheser 3:14-21 : manuscript, [ca. 1821]. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Boswell's Life of Johnson : including Boswell's Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into North Wales, edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1464-1897 (inclusive), 1724-1874 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Lavater, Johann Caspar, 1741-1801. Autograph letter signed : [Zurich?], to Philipp Erasmus Reich, bookseller in Leipzig, 1776 May 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Aders, Elizabeth, compiler. person
associatedWith Alcott, Amos Bronson, 1799-1888 person
associatedWith Asper Frères, corporateBody
correspondedWith Boswell, James, 1740-1795 person
associatedWith Chodowiecki, Daniel, 1726-1801 person
associatedWith C.-S. person
associatedWith Dilworth, J. Richardson, person
associatedWith Fäsi-Gessner, Conr., 1796-1870. person
associatedWith Hasenkamp, Christoph Hermann Gottfried, 1774-1834. person
associatedWith Haverstick, Iola S., person
associatedWith Hell, Theodor, 1775-1856. person
associatedWith Lazara, Giovanni de, 1744-1833. person
associatedWith Lichtenberg, Georg Christoph, 1742-1799. person
associatedWith Lips, Johann Heinrich, 1758-1817. person
associatedWith Manuscript Collection (The Burke Library) corporateBody
associatedWith McAlpin, David Hunter, person
associatedWith Parent, Aubert. person
associatedWith Pitt, William, 1759-1806 person
associatedWith Powell, George Ernest John., 1842-1882 person
associatedWith Raison, F., person
associatedWith Reich, Philipp erasmus, 1717-1787, person
associatedWith Roland, Mme (Marie-Jeanne), 1754-1793. person
associatedWith Rordorf, Lisette. person
associatedWith Saladin, Michel-Louis-Louis, person
associatedWith S., C. person
associatedWith Schweighäuser, Jean Geoffrey, 1776-1844. person
associatedWith Speck, William A. (William Alfred), 1864-1928. person
associatedWith Stirling Maxwell, William, 1818-1878, person
associatedWith Upcott, William, 1779-1845 person
associatedWith Zenger, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)--New York
Subject
Science, Technology, and Health
Manuscripts--German
Physiognomy--Early works to 1800
Science
Physiognomy
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1741-11-15

Death 1801-01-02

Swiss

French,

German

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