Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891

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Alexander William Kinglake (1809-1891) trained as a barrister, but was more interested in literature. He became famous after the publication of Eothen in 1844, a narrative of his travels in the Middle East. He was fascinated by military action, and went to Algeria in 1845 to witness the French campaign. In August 1854 he set off from London to follow the British Army to the Crimea, where he witnessed the Battle of the Alma (20 September), before falling sick and leaving for England on 18 October. After Lord Raglan's death in 1856, he was asked by Lady Raglan to write the history of the Crimean War, and was given the use of Lord Raglan's papers. The task occupied most of the rest of his life, and resulted in The invasion of the Crimea, published in eight volumes, 1863-1887. For this work, Kinglake interviewed and corresponded with many of the participants in the campaign and obtained detailed accounts of battles and manoeuvres.

From the guide to the Alexander William Kinglake: Crimean War papers, 1854-1868, (Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives)

English travel writer and historian.

From the description of Alexander William Kinglake letters, 1874-1890. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 122502132

English historian of the Crimean War.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : to Mr. Brookfield, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270491972

Alexander William Kinglake, English historian and travel writer.

From the description of Alexander William Kinglake manuscript material : 1 item, 1856 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 504227998

English historian.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Sir Henry Rawlinson, [no year] Nov. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270488312

Epithet: LL.D

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000695.0x000166

Alexander William Kinglake (1809-1891) was the second child and eldest son of William Kinglake, banker and solicitor of Taunton, and his wife Mary Woodforde. He was born on 5 August 1809, educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge (BA, 1832; MA, 1836), and was called to the Bar in 1837. In 1844 his book Eothen, a light-hearted account of a journey in the Levant, was published and was an immediate success.

Kinglake's interest in military affairs led him to visit Algeria in 1845 to witness the French campaigns, and to follow the British army to the Crimea in 1854. After Lord Raglan's death in 1856, Lady Raglan asked Kinglake to write a history of the war, and the task occupied him for much of the rest of his life. The first two volumes of The invasion of the Crimea were published in 1863, and the eighth and last volume in 1887.

In 1857 Kinglake was elected Member of Parliament for Bridgewater, in the Liberal interest, and served until 1868, when he was unseated and the borough disfranchised after an enquiry into electoral malpractice.

Kinglake led a comfortable bachelor life in London, and enjoyed the friendship of many of the leading literary and political figures of the day, including William Makepeace Thackeray, Alfred Tennyson, and Lord John Russell. In particular he was on terms of mutual admiration with a number of literary ladies: Caroline Norton, Lucie Duff Gordon, Margaret Oliphant, Mary Singleton ('Violet Fane'), and Janet Ross. In the late 1880s he developed cancer of the throat and he died on 2 January 1891.

From the guide to the Alexander William Kinglake: Letters and Papers, 1819-1891, (Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Victorian portrait collection, ca. 1860-1900. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letters signed (28) : various places, to W.G. Romaine 1854 Jan. 19-1888 Jan. 20 and [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Vol. II. 1860.includes:f. 1 John Eadie, DD: Biographical notice of: 1860. f. 2 Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, President of the Royal Academy (1850-1865): Letter to R. Griffin and Co.: 1860. ff. 4, 6 Sir Herbert Benjamin Edwardes, K C B: Autobiographica..., 1860 British Library
creatorOf Lever, Charles James, 1806-1872,. Letters from celebrated authors and other eminent men, 1847-1887. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : London, to Sir Augustus, 1871 Sep. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : London, to Vanderbyl , [no year] Nov. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Alexander William Kinglake: Crimean War papers, 1854-1868 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Hayward, A. (Abraham), 1801-1884. Abraham Hayward collection, 1791-1962. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letters signed (4) : London, to Mrs. G. Romaine 1869 June 13-1869 July 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Locker, Edward Hawke, 1777-1849. Papers of Edward Hawke Locker, 1804-1896. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph note : [n.p., [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Lady Gregory collection of papers, 1873-[1965, 1873-1932 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. A. W. Kinglake letter to Mr. Crawfurd, 1874. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letters signed (2) : London, to unidentified recipients, 1870 Apr. 20 and 1887 Jan. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Alexander William Kinglake letters, 1874-1890. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : London, to Lady Pollock, 1875 July 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Hayward, A. (Abraham), 1801-1884. Abraham Hayward correspondence files : 1063 items, 1790-1889 New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : Wilton, to Warburton, [1858] Dec. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter in the third person : London, to Mrs. Mackenzie, [no year] Apr. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : London, to Mrs. Tollemache, 1884 May 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Abraham Hayward collection, 1791-1962 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Collins, Wilkie, 1824-1889. Autograph letter signed : [Folkestone], to his mother, Harriet Collins, 1855 Sept. 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Delane, John Thaddeus, Mrs. Autograph letters signed (4) : London and [n.p.], to Alexander William Kinglake, [no year] Jan. 15, May 21 and Aug. 11 and [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letters signed (2) : London, to Col. Maurice, 1883 May 4 and 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Alexander William Kinglake: Letters and Papers, 1819-1891 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
creatorOf Alexander William Kinglake: Crimean War papers, 1854-1868 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : London, to Miss Tennant, 1869 June 17 and 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : London, to W.H. Brookfield, 1852 Aug. 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Lansdowne, Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess of, 1780-1863. Autograph letters signed (9) : [n.p.], to Alexander William Kinglake, [1854] and [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letters signed (2) : London, to an unidentified recipient, 1864 June 10 and [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Henry Adams autograph album, 1833-1939. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letters signed (2) : to Mr. Brookfield, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : Taunton, to Mr. Summer, 1881 Feb. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : London, to Lady Hobart, [1863] June 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Forster, John, 1812-1876. Autograph letter signed : London, to A. W. Kinglake, 1854 Dec. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Abraham Hayward correspondence files : 1063 items, 1790-1889 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
creatorOf Thackeray, William Makepeace, 1811-1863. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to [Alexander William] Kinglake, [1852] Oct. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Alexander William Kinglake manuscript material : 1 item, 1856 New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Manuscript Albums, 1615 - 1959 Newcastle University: Special Collections
creatorOf Raglan, Fitzroy James Henry Somerset, Baron, 1788-1855. Autograph letter signed : "Before Sebastopol," to Alexander William Kinglake, 1854 Dec. 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letters signed (3) : London, to unidentified recipients, 1870 May 11, [no year] Apr. 12 and 1882 Nov. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : London, to Mrs. W.H. Brookfield, 1851 July 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, L. R., fl. 1868,. Autograph letter signed from L.R. Kinglake to Ellen Kean, London [manuscript], 1868 January[?] Saturday. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letters signed (2) : London, to Sir Hamilton, 1863 Feb. 25 1865 June 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Alexander William Kinglake: Letters and Papers, 1819-1891 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Buller family: Correspondence and papers, 1827-1969 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn English literature mss., 1851-1900 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed :[n.p.], to Col. Charles J. Kemyss Tynte, 1869 Mar. 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : London, to Miss Brougham, 1871 Nov. 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : London, to Lord St. Leonards, 1867 Aug. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letters signed (2) : London, to Sir L. Morris, 1874 May 8 and 1879 Feb. 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : London, to Sir Henry Rawlinson, [no year] Nov. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Correspondence of Olga Novikova, 1862-1910, 1862-1910 & n.d. University of Kansas Kenneth Spencer Research Library Department of Special Collections
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : London, to "Dear Gordon", 1865 June 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letters signed (4) : London, to Mrs. Skirrow., 1881 Feb. 28-1887 Nov. 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Letters, 1852-1889. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Kinglake, Alexander William, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : to J.E. Millais, 1884 Jun. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Cornwall, Barry, 1787-1874. Letters, 1818-1867. University of Iowa Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Henry, 1838-1918 person
associatedWith Airey Richard 1803-1881 person
associatedWith Alexander William Kinglake person
associatedWith Augustus, Sir, person
associatedWith Bernstorff, Anna, Countess person
associatedWith Brookfield, W. H., person
associatedWith Brougham, Miss, person
associatedWith Brudenell James Thomas 1797-1868 7th Earl of Cardigan Lieutenant General person
associatedWith Buller family family
associatedWith Cahoon, Herbert, 1918- person
associatedWith Carnarvon, Evelyn Stanhope Herbert, Countess of, 1834-1875 person
associatedWith Collins, Wilkie, 1824-1889. person
associatedWith Cornwall, Barry, 1787-1874. person
associatedWith Crowe, Eyre, 1824-1910 person
associatedWith Curtis Brown Ltd corporateBody
associatedWith Delane, John Thaddeus, Mrs. person
associatedWith Fitzgerald E. M. fl. 19th century person
associatedWith Foot, Isaac, 1880-1960. person
associatedWith Forster, John, 1812-1876. person
associatedWith Gordon, person
associatedWith Gordon Lucie Duff 1821-1869 person
associatedWith Gregory, Lady, 1852-1932 person
associatedWith Hamilton, Sir, person
associatedWith Hardinge Henry 1785-1856 1st Viscount Hardinge Field Marshal person
associatedWith Hayward, A. (Abraham), 1801-1884. person
associatedWith Hobart, Lady, person
associatedWith Kinglake Charles W. fl. 19th century person
associatedWith Kinglake Christina fl. 19th century person
associatedWith Kinglake J. Hamilton fl. 19th century person
associatedWith Kinglake, L. R., fl. 1868, person
associatedWith Kinglake R. Arthur fl. 19th century person
associatedWith Kinglake, Robert Arthur, 1813- person
associatedWith Lansdowne, Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess of, 1780-1863. person
associatedWith Lever, Charles James, 1806-1872, person
associatedWith Locker, Edward Hawke, 1777-1849. person
associatedWith Mackenzie, Mrs, person
associatedWith Maurice, Col, person
associatedWith Millais, John Everett, Sir, 1829-1896, person
associatedWith Minto, Emma Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, Countess of, d. 1882 person
associatedWith Missirie J. fl. 19th century person
associatedWith Morris, L., Sir, person
associatedWith Olga Novikova, 1862-1910 person
associatedWith Oliphant Margaret 1828-1897 person
associatedWith Orsay, Alfred Guillaume Gabriel, comte d', 1801-1852 person
associatedWith Pollock, Lady, person
associatedWith Raglan, Fitzroy James Henry Somerset, Baron, 1788-1855. person
associatedWith Rawlinson, Henry Creswicke, Sir, 1810-1895, person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Romaine, G., Mrs, person
associatedWith Romaine, W. G., person
associatedWith Romaine William Govett 1815-1893 person
associatedWith Ross Janet fl. 19th century person
associatedWith Russell John 1792-1878 1st Earl Russell statesman person
associatedWith Singleton Mary fl. 19th century person
associatedWith Skirrow, Mrs, person
associatedWith St. Leonards, Lord, person
associatedWith Summer, Mr., person
associatedWith Tennant, Miss, person
associatedWith Tennyson Alfred 1809-1892 1st Baron Tennyson poet person
associatedWith Thackeray, William Makepeace, 1811-1863. person
associatedWith Tollemache, Mrs, person
associatedWith Tynte, Charles J. Kenyss, Col, person
associatedWith Vanderbyl, person
associatedWith Warburton, person
associatedWith Wolff Henry Drummond Charles 1830-1908 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Spain
Switzerland
Wales
Turkey
Crimea (Khanate)
Great Britain
France
Scio, Greece
Crimea Ukraine
Africa, North
Algeria
Subject
War
Historians--19th century--Correspondence
Travel writers--19th century--Correspondence
Authors and publishers
Politics
Travel abroad
Crimean War, 1853-1856
Authors, English--19th century--Correspondence
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1809-08-05

Death 1891-01-02

Britons

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 60347291