Bazaine, François-Achille, 1811-1888

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Bazaine was commander-in-chief of the French Expeditionary Corps of Mexico from 1863 to 1867.

From the description of Achille Francois Bazaine correspondence, 1862-1866. (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 177321690

Military leader. Born 1811 in Versailles, France; died 1888 in Madrid, Spain. Began military career in Africa (1831). As member of French Foreign Legion, fought Carlistas in Spain (1835-1837) and received the Cross of the Legion of Honor. Served with distinction in the siege of Sebastopol and the Italian campaign. Appointed commander of the first division of the French Expeditionary Force in Mexico (1862); elevated to Commander-in-Chief in 1863. Served as acting head of Mexican government until the arrival of Maximilian in 1864. Named Marshal of France; occupied Guadalajara (1864). Accepted surrender of General Porfirio Díaz at Oaxaca (1865). Ordered to withdraw French forces from Mexico (1867). Appointed Commander of the French Imperial Guard (1869). As Commander of the Army of the Rhine in the Franco-Prussian War, Bazaine surrendered to the Prussians at Metz (1870) and was accused of high treason, imprisoned, and condemned to death (1871-1872). His sentence having been commuted to imprisonment on the island of Sainte Marguerite, he escaped in 1874 to Madrid, where he ended his days in poverty.

From the description of Achille François Bazaine Papers, 1862-1873. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 29615900

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Souvenirs de Mexique. Getty Research Library
referencedIn García, Genaro, 1867-1920,. Documentos relativos a la reforma y a la intervención francesa en México, 1851-1910. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn García, Genaro, 1867-1920,. Genaro García Photograph Collection, [18--]-[1920]. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Lares, Teodosio, 1803-1870. Teodosio Lares papers, 1833-1867 (bulk 1863-1864). University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Antonio López de Santa Anna Collection 29948821., 1821-1878 Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Documentos Relativos a la Reforma y a la Intervención Francesa en México 32521169., 1851-1910 Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin
creatorOf Bazaine, François-Achille, 1811-1888. Achille Francois Bazaine correspondence, 1862-1866. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794?-1876. Antonio López de Santa Anna Collection, 1821-1878. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Mariscal, Ignacio, 1829-1910. Ignacio Mariscal correspondence, 1833-1910 (bulk 1881-1910). UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Charlotte and Maximilian Collection MS 356., 1846-1927 Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University, Houston, TX
referencedIn Immanuel. Was Bazaine actually a traitor? / by Immanuel. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Couret, Louis Antoine Napoléon du. Louis Antoine Napoléon du Military certificates, 1863-1866. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn William Henry Hoffman Collection on Napoleon I, Napoleon I, William Henry Hoffman Collection on, (bulk 1789-1821), 1585-1913 John Hay Library, Special Collections
creatorOf Bazaine, François-Achille, 1811-1888. Achille François Bazaine Papers, 1862-1873. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Eloin, E. J. Felix, 1819-1888. E. J. Felix Eloin papers, 1864-1865. The California Digital Library
referencedIn E. B. Washburne autograph collection, 1766-1888. Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Carlota, consort of Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1840-1927 person
associatedWith Couret, Louis Antoine Napoléon du. person
associatedWith Eloin, E. J. Felix, 1819-1888. person
correspondedWith France. Armée corporateBody
associatedWith García, Genaro, 1867-1920, person
associatedWith Hoffman, William Henry, 1867-1916 person
associatedWith Immanuel. person
associatedWith Lares, Teodosio, 1803-1870. person
associatedWith Mariscal, Ignacio, 1829-1910. person
associatedWith Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1832-1867 person
associatedWith Mexico corporateBody
associatedWith Napoleon III, Emperor of the French, 1808-1873 person
associatedWith Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794? -1876 person
associatedWith Washburne, E. B. (Elihu Benjamin), 1816-1887 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mexico
France
France
Metz (France)
Mexico
Subject
Franco--Prussian War, 1870-1871--Campaigns--Sources
Sedan Campaign, 1870--Sources
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1811-02-13

Death 1888-09-23

French

Spanish; Castilian,

French

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