Asch, Sholem, 1880-1957

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Sholem Asch, Yiddish writer. John L. De Forest served as his secretary in the 1940s.

From the description of John L. De Forest / Sholem Asch collection, 1941-1995 (bulk 1941-1943). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702135776

Sholem Asch, Yiddish novelist, dramatist, essayist, activist and short story writer, was born in Poland in 1880 and emigrated to the United States in 1910. Asch is known both for popularizing Yiddish literature internationally and for the controversy that resulted from the publication of his trilogy, Der Man fun Notseres (The Nazarene, 1939), Der Sheliekh (The Apostle, 1943), and Meri (Mary, 1949). In these works Asch explored the origins of Christianity from a Jewish perspective. Accusations from within the American Jewish community that he was preaching conversion to Christianity prompted a self-imposed exile in 1954 from the United States to Israel. Asch died in London three years later.

Bernhard Knollenberg, the Librarian of Yale University, asked Asch to donate the manuscript of Der Man fun Notseres (The Nazarene) to the Yale University Library in 1939. Asch complied, explaining in the introduction to the Catalogue of Hebrew and Yiddish Manuscripts and Books from the Library of Sholem Asch (New Haven: Yale University Library, 1945) that the gift of this manuscript to Yale precluded the placement of his manuscripts and books at any other library: "I knew full well that the rest of my manuscripts must come there, too, to the same place where the main product of my life-work is reposing. And where my own manuscripts have found a home, there too must dwell my books." Asch continues, explaining why he chose to grant Knollenberg's request:

I have sought a home for my collection not in a Jewish

institution, but in a general American one. I believe it is

the duty of American Jewry to rebuild the institutions of

Jewish learning in the new hospitable home which they have

found.... Jews must also see to it that the spirit of

Judaism, Jewish learning, should be properly and worthily

represented in the general temples of knowledge in the land.

In 1944, through the generosity of Louis M. Rabinowitz, the University Library acquired Asch's collection of manuscripts and books, designating it the Asch-Rabinowitz Collection. This immensely rich library documenting European Jewish life and culture from the 15th through the early 20th century, is well described in the catalogue quoted above, compiled by Dr. Leon Nemoy, Curator of Judaica at Yale. Asch himself provided the summation of the scholarly importance of the his own papers included in the Asch-Rabinowitz Collection, in the catalogue's introduction: "The leaves of my manuscripts represent the days of my life, for I had no other life outside of my works."

From the guide to the Sholem Asch papers, 1926-1949, 1923-1949, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Sol Bloom papers, 1898-1949, 1935-1949 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn J.J. Robbins papers, 1893-1953, 1911-1953 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Paul Goodman papers, 1925-1983. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Adamic, Louis, 1899-1951. Hopwood Awards Collection, 1930- University of Michigan
creatorOf Asch, Sholem, 1880-1957. 880-01 [Der Ṭoyṭ Urtayl, "Judge not"; novel], (1930-1957?). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Landesman, Eyal. El neḳamot. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
creatorOf Bloom, Sol, 1870-1949. Sol Bloom papers, 1898-1949, bulk (1935-1949). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Robbins, John Jacob, 1895-1950. John Jacob Robbins papers, 1893-1953, bulk (1911-1953). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sholem Asch papers, 1926-1949, 1923-1949 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Asch, Sholem, 1880-1957. John L. De Forest / Sholem Asch collection, 1941-1995 (bulk 1941-1943). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Baruch Charney Vladeck Papers, Bulk, 1920-1938, 1906-1958 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Shloyme Rosenberg Collection, undated, 1940-1977 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn World Jewish Congress Records, 1918-1982, 1940-1980 The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Perlman, Morris, d. 1958. Morris Perlman collection, undated. Jewish Historical Society of Lower Fairfield County
creatorOf Asch, Sholem, 1880-1957. Sholem Asch papers, 1926-1949, (bulk 1923-1949). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Noṿiḳ, P., 1891-. Paul Novick papers relating to Sholem Asch, 1943-1963. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Paul Novick papers relating to Sholem Asch, 1943-1963 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Richard Beer-Hofmann correspondence, 1882-1967. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Administration collection, 1914-1950. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf John L. De Forest / Sholem Asch collection, 1941-1995, 1941-1943 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Geiringer, Gertrud. [Guestbook], 1920-1949. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Asch, Sholem, 1880-1957. Correspondence file, 1930, from Horace Liveright, Inc. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Souvenir programs for theatrical productions, 1906-2005. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Geiringer, Gertrud. [Guestbook], 1920-1949. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Babb, James Elisha, 1864-1934. person
associatedWith Babb, James T(James Tinkham), 1899-1968. person
correspondedWith Beer-Hofmann, Richard, 1866-1945 person
associatedWith Bloom, Sol, 1870-1949. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith De Forest, John L. person
associatedWith Gaebelein, Arno Clemens, 1861-1945. person
associatedWith Garrett, Ellen Jeanette Lyttle, 1893-1970. person
associatedWith Geiringer, Gertrud. person
associatedWith Goodenough, Erwin Ramsdell, 1893-1965. person
associatedWith Goodman, Paul, 1911-1972 person
associatedWith Holmes, John Haynes, 1879-1964. person
associatedWith Holzer, Hans, 1920- person
associatedWith Huebsch, B. W(Benjamin W.), 1876-1964. person
associatedWith Knollenberg, Bernhard, 1892-1973. person
associatedWith Lipsi, Morice, 1898- person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Nemoy, Leon, 1901- person
associatedWith Newman, Louis I(Louis Israel), 1893-1972. person
associatedWith Noṿiḳ, P., 1891- person
associatedWith PEN (Organization) corporateBody
correspondedWith Perlman, Morris, d. 1958. person
associatedWith Robbins, John Jacob, 1895-1950. person
associatedWith Rosenberg, Shloyme, 1896-1975 person
associatedWith Rosenwald, William, 1903- person
associatedWith Vladeck, B. (Baruch), 1886-1938 person
associatedWith World Jewish Congress corporateBody
associatedWith Ziemer, Gregor Athalwin, 1899- person
associatedWith Zuckerman, Nathan, 1912- person
associatedWith Zweig, Stefan, 1881-1942. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Subject
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Archives
Authors, Yiddish--Archives
American literature--Jewish authors
Authors, Yiddish--United States--Archives
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--United States--Archives
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1880-11-01

Death 1957-08-01

Israelis

Yiddish,

English

Information

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