Colhoun, John Ewing, 1751-1802

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Planter and lawyer of Charleston, S.C., and Pendleton District (now known as Pickens and Anderson Counties), S.C.; member of S.C. Senate, 1801; member of U.S. Senate, 1801-1802; member of S.C. House, 1778-1800; husband of Floride Bonneau Colhoun; father of John Ewing Colhoun, Jr. (1791-1847); father-in-law of John C. Calhoun (1782-1850).

From the description of John Ewing Colhoun papers, 1763-1951. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 43602727

John Ewing Colhoun was a planter, lawyer, South Carolina legislator, and U.S. Senator.

From the description of John Ewing Colhoun papers, 1774-1961 [manuscript]. (Oceanside Free Library). WorldCat record id: 23150144

Planter and lawyer of Charleston and Pendleton District [now Pickens and Anderson Counties], S.C.; father-in-law of John C. Calhoun.

From the description of John Ewing Colhoun papers, 1763-1951. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 43478993

This manuscript is a photocopy of a handwritten copy of this journal. Keowee Plantation was the residence of John Ewing Colhoun (1751-1802), father-in-law of John C. Calhoun.

From the description of Keowee Plantation journal, 1853-1859. (bulk 1853-1855). (Clemson University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 19038664

John Ewing Colhoun (1750-1802) was a planter, lawyer, South Carolina legislator, and United States senator. Born in Staunton, Virginia, he attended Princeton College, and graduated in 1774. After studying law and being admitted to the bar in 1783, he set up practice in Charleston, South Carolina, working mostly in estate settlements and personal injury suits. Colhoun later acquired several plantations across the state, including his Santee Plantation in St. Stephen's Parish, his Keowee and 12 Mile Plantations in the Pendleton District, and his Pimlico and Bonneau's Ferry Plantations in St. John's Parish. Another plantation he owned, the location of which is unclear, was called Mount Prospect. Colhoun grew mostly indigo, rice, oats, and vegetables on his plantations, as well as raising cattle, and breeding horses.

From 1778 to 1800 Colhoun served in the South Carolina House of Representatives; in 1801 he served in the state Senate; and from 4 March 1801 until his death on 26 October 1802, he served as a Democrat in the United States Senate.

Colhoun married Floride Bonneau, a member of a prominent South Carolina Huguenot family, and they had at least three children. John Ewing Colhoun, Jr., was a planter in Pendleton, South Carolina, and another son, James Edward Calhoun (he changed the spelling of the surname), served as an officer in the U.S. Navy in the 1820s, and later became a planter as well. He owned the Midway and Millwood Plantations located in the Abbeville District. Their daughter, Floride, married John C. Calhoun (1782-1850) in 1811. (John C. Calhoun's father, Patrick Calhoun, was a cousin of John Ewing Colhoun.) After John Ewing Colhoun's death, his wife Floride seems to have had little to do with managing his properties. She spent her summers in Newport, Rhode Island, staying in South Carolina only during the winter months.

William Moultrie Reid, for whom several letters appear in the collection, lived in Charleston from 1816 to 1820, and served as a member of the Charleston Riflemen in 1819, but nothing beyond that is known about him. Letters written to him address him as William Moultrie Reid, Esq., so he may have been a lawyer.

(Information for this biographical sketch was taken from the Dictionary of American Biography (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1929, Volume III, p. 412), the Biographical Dictionary of the American Congress, 1774-1961 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1961, p. 721), and the papers themselves.)

From the guide to the John Ewing Colhoun Papers, 1774-1961, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Colhoun, John Ewing, 1750-1802. John Ewing Colhoun papers, 1774-1961 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf John Ewing Colhoun Papers, 1774-1961 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf Colhoun, John Ewing, 1750-1802. Letter, 1802 Jan. 16, Washington, D.C., from "Your Humble Servant," Pendleton, [S.C.]. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Colhoun, John Ewing, c. 1750-1802. John Ewing Colhoun papers, 1763-1951. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Ball, John, 1760-1817. Family papers, 1773-1892, 1803-1854. (bulk). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Colhoun, John Ewing, 1750-1802. Keowee Plantation journal, 1853-1859. (bulk 1853-1855). Clemson University Libraries, Robert Muldrow Cooper Library
creatorOf Colhoun, John Ewing, c. 1750-1802. John Ewing Colhoun papers, 1763-1951. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Colhoun, John Ewing. Lectures on moral philosophy, 1774. Princeton University Library
referencedIn De Saussure, Henry William, 1763-1839. Henry William DeSaussure papers, 1795-1837. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825. Robert Goodloe Harper papers, 1788-1812. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. John C. Calhoun papers, 1784-1935, (bulk 1802-1850). Clemson University Libraries, Robert Muldrow Cooper Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Anderson, Robert, 1741-1813 person
associatedWith Ball, John, 1760-1817. person
associatedWith Calhoun family. family
associatedWith Calhoun, James Edward, 1798-1889. person
associatedWith Calhoun, James Edward, fl. 1824-1854. person
associatedWith Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. person
correspondedWith Colhoun, Floride person
associatedWith Colhoun, Henry Davis. person
associatedWith Colhoun, William Ransom, d. 1862. person
correspondedWith De Saussure, Henry William, 1763-1839 person
correspondedWith Galphin, Thomas person
correspondedWith Gervais, John Lewis, 1753-1798 person
associatedWith Harper, Robert Goodloe, 1765-1825 person
correspondedWith Palmer, John, d. 1816 person
correspondedWith Pickens, Ezekiel, 1768-1854 person
correspondedWith Pickens, Ezekiel, fl. 1812 person
associatedWith Princeton University corporateBody
associatedWith Reid, William Moultrie, 1798-1884. person
associatedWith St. John's Parish (S.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
South Carolina
South Carolina--Ninety Six District
Pendleton (S.C.)
Pimlico Plantation (S.C.)
South Carolina--Pendleton County
South Carolina
St. Stephen's Parish (S.C.)
South Carolina
Charleston District (S.C.)
New Jersey--Princeton
Pendleton District (S.C.)
Abbeville District (S.C.)
Charleston (S.C.)
Bonneau's Ferry Plantation (S.C.)
Mount Prospect Plantation (S.C.)
St. Stephen's Parish (S.C.)
Charleston (S.C.)
Pendleton County (S.C.)
Keowee Plantation (S.C.)
Keowee Plantation (S.C.)
South Carolina
South Carolina--Pendleton
Columbia (S.C.)
Santee Plantation (S.C.)
Ninety Six District (S.C.)
Pickens County (S.C.)
South Carolina--Pendleton District
Midway Plantation Site (S.C.)
Millwood Plantation (S.C.)
Subject
Real property
Slaves
Slavery
Overseers
Plantations
Postmasters
Philosophy--Study and teaching--18th century
Plantation management
Lectures and lecturing--18th century
Agriculture
Plantations--Accounting
Agriculture--Pendleton District
Agriculture--Pendleton County--Economic aspects
Ethics--Study and teaching--18th century
Agriculture--History--19th century
Estates (law)
Slaves--Family relationships
African Americans
Lawyers--History--19th century
Lawyers
Slave records
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1749

Death 1802-10-26

Information

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