Havel, Václav, 1936-2011

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Václav Havel served as the last president of Czechoslovakia from 1989 until the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1992 and then as the first president of the Czech Republic from 1993 to 2003. After participating in the Prague Spring and being blacklisted after the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, he became more politically active and helped found several dissident initiatives, including Charter 77 and the Committee for the Defense of the Unjustly Prosecuted. His political activities brought him under the surveillance of the StB secret police, and he spent multiple periods as a political prisoner.

Havel's Civic Forum party played a major role in the Velvet Revolution that toppled the Communist system in Czechoslovakia in 1989. He assumed the presidency shortly thereafter, and was re-elected in a landslide the following year and after Slovak independence in 1993. He received numerous accolades during his lifetime, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Gandhi Peace Prize, the Philadelphia Liberty Medal, the Order of Canada, the Four Freedoms Award, the Ambassador of Conscience Award, and the Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn New York Shakespeare Festival Records. Series III. Scripts, 1972-1992 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn New York Shakespeare Festival records. Series VI: Development Office, 1954-1989 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Charter 77 Collection, 1975-1986 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library
referencedIn David Gascoyne papers, 1822-2010, n.d. British Library: Western Manuscripts
referencedIn New York Shakespeare Festival Records. Series V: General Manager's Files, 1960-1991 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Pavel Źáček collection, 1948-2001 Hoover Institution Archives
referencedIn Supplementary Pinter Papers, 1977-2008 British Library: Western Manuscripts
referencedIn United States. U.S. Information Agency. Photographs Used as Illustrations in Issues of the Journal "Problems of Communism," 1989 - 1992 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Sbírka Charta 77, 1975-1986 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Václav Havel address accepting the Jackson H. Ralston prize [videorecording], 1994 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Vilém Prečan papers, 1978-1999 Hoover Institution Archives
referencedIn Tom Stoppard Papers TXRC94-A2., 1939-2000, (bulk 1970-2000) Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Miscellaneous screen, stage, and radio scripts, ca. 1859-2007. Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Video Recording of President William Jefferson Clinton at a State Dinner for President Václav Havel of the Czech Republic William J. Clinton Presidential Library & Museum
Relation Name
associatedWith Baez, Joan. person
associatedWith Brest, Paul. person
associatedWith Faltus, Anna person
associatedWith Faltus, Anna person
associatedWith Gascoyne, David Emery, 1916-2001 person
associatedWith New York Shakespeare Festival corporateBody
associatedWith New York Shakespeare Festival corporateBody
associatedWith New York Shakespeare Festival corporateBody
associatedWith Papp, Joseph person
associatedWith Papp, Joseph person
associatedWith Papp, Joseph person
correspondedWith Pinter, Harold, 1930-2008 person
associatedWith Prečan, Vilém person
associatedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
associatedWith Stanford University. School of Law corporateBody
associatedWith Stoppard, Tom person
associatedWith Źáček, Pavel, collector person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Czechoslovakia 00 CZ
Vlčice 82 CZ
Czech Republic 00 CZ
Prague 52 CZ
Subject
Occupation
Playwright
Political activists
Politician
Activity

Person

Birth 1936-10-05

Death 2011-12-18

English,

Czech

Information

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