Judd, Donald, 1928-1994

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Born Donald Clarence Judd on June 3, 1928 in Excelsior Springs, Missouri, he served in the United States Army from June 1946 until November 1947. Before he transitioned to work in three dimensions, Judd began as a painter and an art critic, having studied philosophy and art history at Columbia University and painting at the Art Students League. He developed his idea of the permanent installation of his work and collections first in New York, at 101 Spring Street, and later in Marfa, Texas. Throughout his lifetime Judd advocated for the importance of art and artistic expression; he regarded land preservation, empirical knowledge, and engaged citizenship as fundamental aspects of society and he wrote extensively on these and other subjects. In 1968, Judd purchased his first building, 101 Spring Street, a five-story cast-iron building in New York. At Spring Street, Judd first began the permanent installation of his work as well as works of his contemporaries, a process he would continue throughout his life in both New York and Texas. Judd began to purchase properties in Marfa in 1973 where he would continue permanently installing his work and the work of others until his death in 1994. These spaces, including studios, living quarters, and ranches, reflect the diversity of his life’s work. Judd established the ideas of Judd Foundation in 1977, founded to preserve his art, spaces, libraries, and archives as a standard for the defense of his work. He founded The Chinati Foundation/La Fundación Chinati in 1986 specifically for the permanent installation of large-scale works by himself and his contemporaries. For almost four decades, Judd exhibited throughout the United States, Europe, and Asia with his work in museum collections worldwide. Major exhibitions of his work include the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (1968, 1988); the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (1975); Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven (1970); and Tate Modern, London (2004). A major retrospective of Judd’s work is forthcoming at The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Source: https://juddfoundation.org/artist/biography/
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Jewish Museum (New York, N.Y.). Primary structures : symposium transcript, 1966 May 2. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Brooklyn Museum. Dept. of Photography. Records, Exhibition negatives: installations. Attitudes. Brooklyn Museum Art School. 1970. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Lucy R. Lippard papers, 1940s-2006, bulk 1968-1990 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Giuseppe Panza papers, 1956-1990 getty research institute
creatorOf Judd, Donald, 1928-1994. Donald Judd : artist file. Whitney Museum of American Art, Library
referencedIn Judd, Donald: Artist file Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Judd, Donald, 1928-1994. [Donald Judd : International Art & Artists File]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Judd, Donald, 1928-. Donald Judd interview, 1968 May. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Lippard, Lucy R. Oral history interview with Lucy Lippard, 2011 Mar. 15. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Judd, Donald, 1928-. Oral history interview with Donald Judd, 1965 Feb. 3 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Chinati Foundation : vertical file. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn David Novros papers, 1963-2008 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Judd, Donald, 1928-. Donald Judd and Frank Stella interviews, 1965. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Hutchinson, Peter A., 1930-. Peter Hutchinson interview, 1967 Jul. 27 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Judd, Donald, 1928-1994. Correspondence to Edward F. Fry, 1971. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf New York University. Is Easel Painting Dead : transcript;, 1966 Nov. 10. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Judd, Donald, 1928-. Donald Judd interview, 1965 Feb. 3 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Hutchinson, Peter A., 1930-. Oral history interview with Peter Hutchinson, 1967 July 27. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Irving Blum Gallery and Ferus Gallery announcements, 1961-1972 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Harry Shunk and Shunk-Kender photographs, 1957-1990s Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Mondini-Ruiz, Franco, 1961-. Oral history interview with Franco Mondini-Ruiz, 2004 July 7-8 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Barbara Rose papers, 1940-1993, 1960-1985 getty research institute
referencedIn Judd, Donald Clarence, 1928-1994 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Judd, Donald, 1928-1994. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Waldorf panel on sculpture (1965 : New York, N.Y.). [Waldorf panel on sculpture] [sound recordings], 1965 Feb. 17 & Mar. 17. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Phyllis Tuchman interviews with artists, 1968-1987 Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Judd, Donald, 1928-1994. [Donald Judd] : artist file John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art Library, Ringling Museum Library
referencedIn Leo Castelli Gallery records, circa 1880-2000, bulk 1957-1999 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Castelli Graphics (Firm). Castelli Graphics records, 1969-1997. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Smithson, Robert. Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers, 1905-1987. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Stankiewicz, Richard, 1922-1983. Richard Stankiewicz papers, 1948-1984. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Judd, Donald : Biographical file. Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center
creatorOf Judd, Donald, 1928-1994. Donald Judd and Frank Stella interviews, 1965. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Judd, Donald, 1928-1994. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
referencedIn Agostini, Peter. Peter Agostini interview, 1968 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agostini, Peter. person
associatedWith Brooklyn Museum. Dept. of Photography. corporateBody
associatedWith Castelli Graphics (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Hooton, Bruce Duff, 1928- person
associatedWith Hutchinson, Peter A., 1930- person
associatedWith Irving Blum Gallery corporateBody
associatedWith Irving Blum Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Irving Blum Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Irving Blum Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Jewish Museum (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Leavin, Margo. person
associatedWith Leo Castelli Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Lippard, Lucy R. person
associatedWith Lippard, Lucy R. person
associatedWith Margo Leavin Gallery corporateBody
associatedWith Messer, Thomas M. person
associatedWith Mondini-Ruiz, Franco, 1961- person
associatedWith New York University. corporateBody
associatedWith Novros, David, 1941- person
associatedWith Panza, Giuseppe. person
associatedWith Panza, Giuseppe—Art collections person
associatedWith Rose, Barbara person
associatedWith Rose, Barbara person
associatedWith Smithson, Robert. person
associatedWith Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, corporateBody
associatedWith Stankiewicz, Richard, 1922-1983. person
associatedWith Stella, Frank. person
associatedWith The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Waldorf panel on sculpture (1965 : New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Whitney Museum of American Art. corporateBody
associatedWith Willett, Margot person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)
Subject
Sculptors--Interviews
Art, American
Abstract Expressionism
Painters--Interviews
Occupation
Artists, American
Function

Person

Birth 1928-06-03

Death 1994-02-12

Male

Americans

English

Information

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