Vaux, Calvert, 1824-1895

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Calvert Vaux (1824-1895) was a British-born landscape architect who practiced in the U.S. He worked on the designs for the grounds of the U.S. Capitol and the Smithsonian Institution. In 1857 he began collaborating with Frederick Law Olmsted on the construction of Prospect Park in Brooklyn, N.Y., and Central, Morningside and Riverside Parks in Manhattan. They also worked on the South Park in Chicago and the state reservation at Niagara Falls, N.Y. Vaux was the landscape architect for the department of parks in New York City for many years.

From the guide to the Calvert Vaux papers, 1860-1921, 1860s, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Calvert Vaux was an American architect and landscape designer. Born and trained in England, he came to New York to work with A.J. Downing in 1850, and became a naturalized citizen in 1856. He saw his designs as a way to implement social change, and with this in mind he designed hospitals, museums, suburban residential communities, and numerous public parks, including Central Park; his designs for Central Park became the standard for urban parks, and inaugurated the profession of landscape architect. He worked with many of the leading architects of his day, and had significant influence on the evolution of New York City.

From the description of Calvert Vaux letter to Geo. W. Curtis, 1853 Jan. 3. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 61691239

American landscape architect.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : New York, N.Y., and Newburgh, N.Y., 1855 Jan. 24 and 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270583363

Calvert Vaux (1824-1895) was a British-born landscape architect who practiced in the U.S.

He worked on the designs for the grounds of the U.S. Capitol and the Smithsonian Institution. In 1857 he began collaborating with Frederick Law Olmsted on the construction of Prospect Park in Brooklyn, N.Y., and Central, Morningside and Riverside Parks in Manhattan. They also worked on the South Park in Chicago and the state reservation at Niagara Falls, N.Y. Vaux was the landscape architect for the department of parks in New York City for many years.

From the description of Calvert Vaux papers, 1860-1921, bulk (1860s). (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122517589

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903. Frederick Law Olmsted papers, 1777-1952 (bulk 1838-1903). Library of Congress
referencedIn Veasey, James Alexander. General Historical Manuscripts, Documents, and Photographs 1500-1980. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
creatorOf White, Richard Grant, 1821-1885. Papers, 1842-1885. New-York Historical Society Library
referencedIn Children's Aid Society (New York, N.Y.). The Victor Remer Historical Archives of the Children's Aid Society, 1836-2006. (bulk 1853-1947). New-York Historical Society Library
creatorOf Vaux, Calvert, 1824-1895. Prospect Park, New York, N.Y. : vertical file. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn Vaux, Calvert, 1824-1895 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Architect & Engineer File, 1811-1989 © 2011 New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Vaux, Calvert, 1824-1895. Autograph letters signed (2) : New York, N.Y., and Newburgh, N.Y., 1855 Jan. 24 and 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Vaux, Calvert, 1824-1895. Calvert Vaux letter to Geo. W. Curtis, 1853 Jan. 3. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Morse, James Herbert, b. 1841. Diaries, 1866-1911. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Cavaglieri, Giorgio, 1911-2007. Giorgio Cavaglieri architectural records and papers, 1934-2005 (bulk 1960-2005). Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Museum of the City of New York. Central Park architectural drawings collection, [ca. 1857]-1883. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Cavaglieri, Giorgio, 1911-2007. Jefferson Market Courthouse renovation : architectural drawings and papers, 1876-circa 1965, (bulk circa 1962-1965). Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Calvert Vaux papers, 1860-1921, 1860s New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Veasey, James Alexander. General Historical Manuscripts, Documents, and Photographs 1500-1980. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
creatorOf Upjohn, Richard, 1802-1878. The Upjohn collection of architectural drawings by Richard, Richard Michell, and Hobart Upjohn : Architectural drawings, papers, and records, [circa 1827-1910]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Bloor, A. J. (Alfred Janson), 1828-1917. Diaries, 1848-1867. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Davis, Alexander Jackson, 1803-1892. Alexander Jackson Davis architectural drawings and papers, circa 1804-1900. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Richard Grant White Papers, 1838-1921 (Bulk 1850-1890) @ 2011 New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Jervis McEntee papers, 1796, 1848-1905 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Bryant Circulating Library. Local history document collection, 1636-1981. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn The Fraternity papers, 1874-1886 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Frederick Law Olmsted Papers, 1777-1952, (bulk 1838-1903) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Reed, Henry Hope. Prospect Park from Grand Army Plaza to Garden Terrace via Swan Boat Lake : typescript : a walking tour of the Municipal Art Society, May 27, 1962 / notes by Henry Hope Reed, Jr. Brooklyn Historical Society
creatorOf McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891. Jervis McEntee papers, 1796, 1848-1905. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Calvert Vaux : vertical file. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn Beacon Historical Society (Beacon, N.Y.). Architectural drawings collection, 1853-1916. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Vaux, Calvert, 1824-1895. Calvert Vaux papers, 1860-1921, bulk (1860s). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Fraternity (Literary Club). Papers, 1869-1877. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Gilman, Daniel Coit, 1831-1908. Daniel Coit Gilman letter, 1863 Nov. 19. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn The Victor Remer Historical Archives of the Children's Aid Society, 1836-2006 (bulk 1853-1947) New-York Historical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Beacon Historical Society (Beacon, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Bloor, A. J. (Alfred Janson), 1828-1917. person
associatedWith Bryant Circulating Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Cavaglieri, Giorgio, 1911-2007. person
associatedWith Children's Aid Society (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Curtis, George William, 1824-1892, person
associatedWith Davis, Alexander Jackson, 1803-1892. person
associatedWith Fraternity (Literary Club) corporateBody
associatedWith Fraternity (Literary Club) corporateBody
associatedWith Gilman, Daniel Coit, 1831-1908. person
associatedWith McEntee, Jervis, 1828-1891. person
associatedWith Morse, James Herbert, b. 1841. person
associatedWith Museum of the City of New York. corporateBody
correspondedWith Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903. person
associatedWith Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1870-1957. person
associatedWith Parsons, Samuel, 1844-1923. person
associatedWith Reed, Henry Hope. person
associatedWith Vaux, C. Bowyer. person
associatedWith White, Richard Grant, 1821-1885. person
associatedWith White, Richard Mansfield person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)--New York
California
Prospect Park (New York, N.Y.)
Central Park (New York, N.Y.)
California
New York (State)--New York
Prospect Park (New York, N.Y.)
Central Park (New York, N.Y.)
Subject
Public lands
Landscape architecture
Land use--New York (State)--New York
Zoo
Architects--Correspondence
Public lands--New York (State)--New York
Land use
Recreation areas
City planning
Zoos--New York (State)--New York
Recreation areas--New York (State)--New York
Parks
Parks--New York (State)--New York
City planning--New York (State)--New York
Occupation
Landscape architects
Function

Person

Birth 1824-12-20

Death 1895-11-19

Americans

Information

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