Geikie, Archibald, 1835-1924

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Archibald Geikie was born in Edinburgh in 1835. He was educated at Edinburgh High School and the University of Edinburgh. In 1855, he joined the Geological Survey of Scotland, becoming its director in 1867. Between 1871 and 1882, he was professor of geology and mineralogy at the University of Edinburgh, and from 1882 until his retirement in 1901, served as director general of the Geological Survey of Great Britain. Geikie did much to further the study of glacial deposits in Scotland and, in 1863, wrote an important paper for the Geological Society of Glasgow entitled Glacial Drift of Scotland . His numerous publications include Text-Book of Geology (1882), The Founders of Geology (1897), and Types of Scenery and Their Influence on Literature (1898).

Between 1908 and 1912, he served as president of the Royal Society in London and as president of the Geological Society of London from 1891 to 1892 and from 1906 to 1908. He was knighted in 1891 and died in Haslemere in 1924.

Published work, A long life's work, an autobiography by (Sir) Archibald Geikie, Macmillan, London (1924) SPRI Library Shelf 92[Geikie, A.] National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904, Magnetic observations, preface by Archibald Geikie, Royal Society, London (1909) SPRI Library Shelf (7)91(08)[1901-1904], National Antarctic Expedition, 1901-1904, Photographs, prefatory note by Archibald Geikie, Royal Society, London (1908) SPRI Library Shelf (7)91(08)[1901-1904]

From the guide to the Archibald Geikie collection, 1909-1913, (Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875. Letters. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Sir James Paget correspondence, 1784-1932, 1784-1932 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Lectures of Professor John Hughes Bennett (1812-1875), 1848-1874 Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Sclater, William Lutley,. Autograph letter signed from William Lutley Sclater, London, to James Edmund Harting [manuscript], 1916 October 29. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Papers of Ferdinand-André Fouqué (1828-1904), 1892-1903 Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Edgar and Leonora Speyer collection, 1906-1913 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Papers of Professor Peter Guthrie Tait (1831-1901), [184-]-[190-] Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn George F. Becker Papers, 1814-1928, (bulk 1870-1919) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn J.P. Lesley Papers, 1826-1898 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Geikie, Archibald, Sir, 1835-1924. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Douglas Mawson collection, 1903-1948 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Papers and Correspondence of Sir Archibald Geikie (1835-1924), after 1851 Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Archibald Geikie collection, 1909-1913 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Papers of Professor John Hutton Balfour (1808-1884), 1838-1879 Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Lebour, George Alexander Louis, 1847-1918. Correspondence, 1852-1914. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Sollas, W. J. (William Johnson), 1849-1936. Letters, 1888-1928. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Papers of Sir Charles Lyell (1797-1875), 1823-1875 Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIi, 1897 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Remsen, Ira, 1846-1927. Ira Remsen papers, 1868-1938. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
creatorOf Archibald Geikie collection, 1909-1913 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn George Alexander Louis Lebour Papers, 1852-1914 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Papers of Professor John Stuart Blackie (1809-1895), 1849-1892 Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Browne, Maurice, 1881-1955. Morley's First Sketch of English Literature papers, 1909 and 1936. University of Michigan
referencedIn Papers of Professor Edward Forbes (1815-1854), 1833-1854 Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Papers of Professor Robert Harkness (1816-1878), 1855-1877 Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Papers of Sir John William Dawson (1820-1899), 1842-1957 Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn W. J. (William Johnson) Sollas letters, 1888-1928, 1888-1928 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Becker, George F. (George Ferdinand), 1847-1919. George F. Becker papers, 1814-1928. Library of Congress
referencedIn Robert Falcon Scott collection, 1889-1966 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Collection of Papers relating to Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister (1827-1912), 1854-1908 Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Paget, James, Sir, 1814-1899. Correspondence, 1784-1932. American Philosophical Society Library
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associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
correspondedWith Becker, George F. (George Ferdinand), 1847-1919. person
associatedWith British Antarctic Expedition 1910-1913 corporateBody
associatedWith Browne, Maurice, 1881-1955. person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
associatedWith Edgar and Leonora Speyer person
associatedWith Geikie, Archibald person
associatedWith Lebour, George Alexander Louis, 1847-1918. person
associatedWith Lesley, Allen person
associatedWith Lesley, J. P., (J. Peter), 1819-1903 person
associatedWith Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875. person
associatedWith Mawson, Douglas person
associatedWith Paget, James, Sir, 1814-1899. person
associatedWith Remsen, Ira, 1846-1927. person
associatedWith Robert Falcon Scott and others person
associatedWith Sclater, William Lutley, person
associatedWith Scott Robert Falcon 1868-1912 person
associatedWith Sollas, W. J. (William Johnson), 1849-1936. person
associatedWith Young Kathleen 1878-1947 wife of 1st Baron Kennet sculptor person
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Birth 1835-12-28

Death 1924-11-10

Britons

English

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