Dorsey, Stephen Wallace, 1842-1916

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Dorsey was a former railroad executive and U.S. Senator; from 1877 a New Mexico rancher.

From the description of Stephen W. Dorsey dictation : Chico Springs, New Mexico, 1885. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 25903650

Dorsey was a rancher and businessman in Colfax County, New Mexico in the 1870s and 1880s.

From the description of Stephen W. Dorsey collection, 1861-1977. (Museum of New Mexico Library). WorldCat record id: 37396855

Dorsey was born in Benson, Vermont, in 1842 and moved to Oberlin, Ohio when he was about 17 years old. When the Civil War broke out, he enlisted in the First Ohio Light Artillery and achieved the rank of Colonel. After the war he returned to Ohio and became president of the Sandusky Tool Company. By 1870 he had moved to Arkansas and had gained the presidency of the Arkansas Central Railway. In 1873, Dorsey was elected to the U.S. Senate from that state and became Secretary of the Republican Party under President Garfield.

In 1877, Dorsey began a ranching empire in New Mexico. He began construction of his mansion in Colfax County near the Santa Fe Trail during that year. The mansion was two and a half stories and was built of logs. In about 1883, he added the formal stone portion. During the early 1880's, Dorsey was involved in the Star Route Mail Fraud and was indicted with several others who comprised the Dorsey Combine. He was acquitted with the help of his lawyer, Robert G. Ingersoll (the Great Agnostic). The Dorsey fortune declined after the scandal and he sold the mansion in 1892. From New Mexico Dorsey went on to various questionable business dealings in Arizona, Colorado and Los Angeles, California where he died in 1916.

From the guide to the Stephen W. Dorsey Collection, 1861-1977, (Museum of New Mexico. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Dorsey, Stephen Wallace, 1842-1916. Letters 1893-1900 [microform]. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Briefs, 1843-1904 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Museum of New Mexico. Museum of New Mexico records, 1907-[ongoing]. New Mexico State Library
creatorOf Ingersoll, Robert Green, 1833-1899. Letter : New York, [N.Y.], to Mr. [Stephen W.] Dorsey, 1886 Oct. 14. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Bowman, Selwyn Zadock, 1840-1928. Selwyn Z. Bowman letters, 1880-1881. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Dorsey, Stephen Wallace, 1842-1916. Stephen W. Dorsey collection, 1861-1977. Museum of New Mexico Library
referencedIn William Woodville Rockhill papers, 1826-1941. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Dorsey, Stephen Wallace, 1842-1916. Stephen W. Dorsey dictation : Chico Springs, New Mexico, 1885. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Caperton, Thomas J. Stephen W. Dorsey research collection, 1861-1916. Museum of New Mexico Library
referencedIn Wilson, John P. (John Philip), 1935-. John P. Wilson research files, 1859-1993. New Mexico State University
referencedIn Stephen W. Dorsey Research Collection, 1861-1916 Museum of New Mexico. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library.
creatorOf Stephen W. Dorsey Collection, 1861-1977 Museum of New Mexico. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Bowman, Selwyn Zadock, 1840-1928. person
associatedWith Caperton, Thomas J. person
associatedWith Chico Springs Resort Hotel (N.M.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hammond, Eli Shelby, 1838-1904 person
associatedWith Ingersoll, Robert Green, 1833-1899. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of New Mexico. corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of New Mexico. Monuments Division. corporateBody
correspondedWith Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914 person
associatedWith Sierra Grande Ranch Co. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilson, John P. (John Philip), 1935- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New Mexico
New Mexico--Colfax County
Colfax County (N.M.)
Colfax County (N.M.)
Dorsey Mansion State Monument (N.M.)
Dorsey Mansion State Monument (N.M.)
United States
Subject
Historic buildings--Conservation and restoration
Ranch life
Land titles--Registration and transfer--New MexicoColfax County
Land titles--Registration and transfer
Historic buildings--New Mexico--Colfax County--Conservation and restoration
Railroads
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1842-02-28

Death 1916-03-20

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