Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818

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Caspar Wistar taught chemistry at the College of Philadelphia from 1789 to 1792. This College, with the University of the State of Pennsylvania, would become the University of Pennsylvania in 1791.

From the description of Lectures : on chemistry, 1790. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 122621060

Philadelphia physician.

From the description of ALS : to an unidentified correspondent, 1817 July 14. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122442870

From the description of ALS : Philadelphia, to Mr. Maddison, 1801 Oct. 15. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86138987

Caspar Wistar was a Philadelphia physician. He studied medicine for a year in London (1783) and then went to Edinburgh University (M.D., 1786). In 1792 he was made adjunct professor of anatomy, surgery, and midwifery at the University of Pennsylvania. He attained full professorship in 1808.

From the description of Lecture notes on anatomy, [ca. 1781-1809]. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122439860

From the guide to the Lecture notes on anatomy, [ca. 1781-1809], Circa 1781-1809, (American Philosophical Society)

Caspar Wistar was a Philadelphia physician and paleontologist.

From the description of Inventory of estate, 1837. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 86165476

From the guide to the Caspar Wistar Inventory of Estate, February 15, 1837. Presented by Barry L. Glaser, 1980, 1837, (American Philosophical Society)

Caspar Wistar was a Philadelphia physician.

From the description of Commonplace book, 1796-1813. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122380120

From the description of Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1807-1816, n.d. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155887100

From the guide to the Caspar Wistar commonplace book, 1796-1813, 1796-1813, (American Philosophical Society)

Caspar Wistar was a Philadelphia physician and was interested in paleontology and botany.

From the description of Letters, 1794-1817. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122316385

Physician and professor of anatomy.

From the description of Papers, 1815-1839. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35966230

Physician.

From the description of Letter from Caspar Wistar to Dr. William Bache in care of Hore Browse Trist [manuscript], 1800 July 2. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647821153

American physician.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to Thomas Jefferson, 1816 May 28. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270588217

Physician Joseph Carson taught medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The College of Philadelphia's Medical School, founded in 1765, became known as the University of Pennsylvania, Dept. of Medicine In 1779.

From the guide to the Joseph Carson letters, 1789-1858, 1789-1858, (American Philosophical Society)

Caspar Wistar, anatomist, was born in Philadelphia on 13 Sept. 1761 to Richard and Sarah (Wyatt) Wistar. He married (1) Isabella Marshall on 15 May 1788 and (2) Elizabeth Mifflin on 28 Nov. 1798, with whom he had three children. On 22 Jan. 1818 he died in Philadelphia. He received an M.B. from the University of the State of Pennsylvania in 1782 and an M.D. from the University of Edinburgh in 1786. Wistar set up private practice in Philadelphia, where he helped unite the Medical Department of the University of the State of Pennsylvania with its rival, the Medical School of the College of Philadelphia (1791). He served as Attending Physician to the Philadelphia Dispensary (1786) and Physician to Pennsylvania Hospital (1793-1810). He also held the academic posts of Professor of Chemistry at the College of Philadelphia (1789) and Adjunct Professor of Anatomy, Surgery and Midwifery (1792), Professor of Anatomy and Midwifery (1808-1810), and Professor of Anatomy (1810-1818) at the University of Pennsylvania. His most notable writing is System of Anatomy (1811), the first American textbook on anatomy. Wistar was a member of the Philadelphia Medical Society and was very active in the American Philosophical Society, where he served as Curator (1792-1794), Vice-President (1795-1814) and President (1815-1818). He was elected a Fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia on 3 April 1787.

From the description of Chemistry lectures, [1784] / C. Wistar. (College of Physicians of Philadelphia). WorldCat record id: 122684080

José Francisco Correia da Serra (1750–1823, APS 1812) was an abbot, diplomat, scholar and botanist. In his work as a botanist he was particularly concerned with the systematic classification of vegetable species. Thomas Jefferson described him as “profoundly learned in several branches of science he was so above all others in that of Botany; in which he preferred an amalgamation of the methods of Linnaeus [1707-1778, APS 1769] and of Jussieu [1686-1758] to either of them exclusively.” Correia spent many years of his life in France, England and the United States where he made the acquaintance of leading European and American intellectual leaders of the time.

Correia was born in Serpa, Portugal, to the physician and lawyer Luis Dias Correia and Francisca Luisa da Serra. In 1756 the family was forced to leave Portugal because the elder Correia’s scientific work had incurred the displeasure of the Holy Office. They settled in Naples, Italy, where the boy came under the tutelage of the abbé and university professor of “Commerce and mechanics” Antonio Genovesi (1712-1769), a major force in the Neapolitan Enlightenment. During this time Correia was also taught in natural history by the botanist Luis Antonio Verney (1713-1792). In 1772 Correia moved to Rome where he studied at the University and other institutions. By that time he was already corresponding with Carl Linnaeus, in Latin. He also made the acquaintance of Don John Carlos of Braganza, second Duke of Lafoens, a member of the Portuguese royal family. The Duke became Correia’s friend and patron.

In 1775 Correia was ordained a Presbyterian abbot; two years later he received the degree of Doctor of Laws. However, it was clear that Correia’s real interest was natural history, especially botany, and that he did not plan to pursue a life in the church. In fact, some of his biographers have suggested that he focused on ecclesiastical studies mainly in order to protect himself in his scientific work from potential suspicions by the Inquisition. Whatever the case, in early 1778 the young abbé, with encouragement from the duke, who hoped to encourage scientific research in Portugal, moved to Lisbon. There he turned his attention to scholarly pursuits and diplomacy.

Correia and the duke set out right away to organize the Royal Academy of Sciences of Lisbon, a learned institution that was dedicated to the advancement of science. Correia also conducted botanical research. He spent the period from 1786 to about 1788 outside of Portugal, and while his activities during this period remain unclear, there is evidence that he visited Rome. In the mid-1790s, after his return to his native country, he began the task of editing what would be the first three of five volumes of Colleccao de livros ineditos da historia Portugueza, an extensive collection of documents.

In 1795 political difficulties compelled Correia to leave Portugal. The Royal Academy and many of its members were viewed with suspicion by certain ecclesiastical groups, especially after Correia befriended the French naturalist and Girondist Peter Marie Auguste Broussonet (1761-1807), who had taken refuge in Portugal. Armed with letters of introduction to several British scientists, Correia traveled to London. He soon became the protégé of Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1820, APS 1787), president of the Royal Society, who facilitated Correia’s election to the Society. He also was welcomed by James Edward Smith (1759-1828, APS 1796), president of the Linnean Society. By then, Correia was already publishing on various natural science topics, especially botany, which contributed to his growing reputation as a naturalist.

For about one year during his residence in London, Correia also served as Secretary to the Portuguese embassy. However, tensions with the conservative Minister compelled him to depart from England in 1802. In the summer of that year, Correia moved to Paris. There he made the acquaintance of leading scientists and other public figures. The list includes Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours (1739–1817, APS 1800), the Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834, APS 1781), Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859, APS 1804), the French naturalist Georges Cuvier (1769-1832), Augustin Pyrame de Candolle (1778-1841, APS 1841), and André Thouin (1746-1824), superintendent of the Jardin du Roi, now known as Jardin des Plantes, in Paris. Correia also met Esther Delavigne, who eventually became his lover.

Of particular importance to Correia was his extensive correspondence with friends in Portugal that he maintained throughout his time in London, Paris and then the United States. Through his contact with them he hoped to bring the latest scientific ideas and discoveries to his mother country. His letters are filled with news of new vaccines, maritime maps, instruments, and anything else that he thought might serve to aid the progress of Portugal. Correia’s wide-ranging contacts with fellow botanists made him an important intermediary in the exchanges between naturalists in different parts of the world. In 1807 his own government recognized his contributions by making him a Knight of the Order of Christ.

Overall, Correia’s time in Paris was happy and fruitful. However, life as a liberal under Napoleon was not easy, and Correia soon began to explore the possibility of relocating once again, this time to the United States. Finally, in the winter of 1811, the abbé was aboard the U.S.S. Constitution, on his way to what would become a particularly interesting period in his life.

Correia arrived in Washington, D. C., in early 1812, and he did not lose time in making the acquaintance of leading Americans, including President James Madison. He was anxious to visit Thomas Jefferson but owing to the fact that Philadelphia was the intellectual center of the new nation, he decided to establish himself there first. His European friends had already announced Correia’s imminent arrival to several prominent Philadelphians, including the physicians Benjamin Rush (1745-1813, APS 1768) and Caspar Wistar (1761-1818, APS 1787), and John Vaughan (1756–1841, APS 1784), the treasurer and librarian of the American Philosophical Society. The abbé was elected a member of the Society in January of 1812, before his arrival in the city. He became close friends with Vaughan who soon handled his business affairs and advised him in all kinds of matters. Correia also got to know the botanist Henry Muhlenberg (1753-1815, APS 1785), who introduced him to the physician and botanist Jacob Bigelow (1787-1879, APS 1818). And he reconnected with several Philadelphians he knew from his time in Paris, including the lawyer and financier Nicholas Biddle (1786-1844, APS 1813), and William Short (1759-1849, APS 1804), Jefferson’s private secretary in Paris. Life in Philadelphia was clearly enjoyable for the Portuguese exile but he remained anxious to visit “the great the truly great Mr. Jefferson.” In July of 1813 he left for Virginia for the first of what would eventually be seven visits over a period of about eight years.

Jefferson had been introduced to Correia in glowing letters from Lafayette, Du Pont, Thouin, and Humboldt. It is not surprising, then, that Jefferson received the visitor with warmth and great expectations. They were not disappointed. Jefferson described his guest as “the best digest of science in books, men, and things that I have ever met with; and with these the most amiable and engaging character.” The room in which Correia stayed during his visits to Monticello, the North Square Room, is still known as the Abbé’s room. Correia spent much of his time in Virginia on rambles through the country, often in the company of Thomas Mann Randolph (1768-1828, APS 1794). His interest in natural history eventually also took him to Kentucky, Georgia and north to the Canadian border.

Through Jefferson, Correia made the acquaintance of Francis Walker Gilmer (1790-1826), a promising young man who readily accepted the abbé’s invitation to accompany him on his excursions. In 1816 President Madison asked the two men to deliver a letter from him to the agent of the Cherokee, in the southeastern United States. In the course of their journey through South Carolina and Georgia, they made extensive botanical notations, and Gilmer also recorded several pages of Cherokee vocabulary.

In 1816 Correia received news of his appointment as Portuguese minister-plenipotentiary at Washington, D. C. His expectation that this post would not interfere with his scientific pursuits turned out to be mistaken, even though he never spent more than half a year in the nation’s capital. From the start he was forced to deal with complaints about privateers flying foreign flags who were threatening the Portuguese colonies in South America. The fear was that these privateers, many of whom were American, could encourage and aid a rebellion in Brazil. Correia successfully lobbied the U. S. government for a Neutrality Act that was designed to curb these actions.

In the late 1810s, increasing worries about the turn of Portuguese-American affairs and serious health problems gradually made the abbé’s temper shorter and his spirits lower. He also ultimately became a severe critic of America and Americans, an attitude that contributed to his estrangement from some of his older American friends. However, he also found comfort in new relationships with, for example, the English-born chemist and lawyer Thomas Cooper (1759-1839, APS 1802). Most significantly, Edward Joseph, his fifteen-year old son with his lover Esther Delavigne arrived in the United States from Paris in 1818. Edward, who stayed with his father until their return to Europe, got to know many of his Philadelphia friends quite well. In 1820 father and son sailed from the United States for Portugal via London, a year after Correia had learned of his appointment as Counselor of State for Brazil. Correia spent the last three years of his life in Lisbon, “covered with honors,” as his son Edward wrote in a letter to John Vaughan. He died in Lisbon in 1823.

Correia published many essays and reports on botany in the leading European and American scientific journals of his time. His research centered on the systematic classification of vegetable species. In his work he attempted to apply the methods of compared anatomy of zoology to botany; he sought to group plants into families based on their similarities. His concept of symmetry was later adopted and developed by Candolle. While Correia was not “a member of every philosophical society in the world,” as his young protégé Gilmer wrote enthusiastically in a letter to his brother, he did belong to numerous learned societies. They included the Royal Society, the Linnean Society, the Academy of Science of Paris, and the Société Philomatique. He also offered several courses in botany at the American Philosophical Society.

From the guide to the José Francisco Correia da Serra papers, 1772-1827, 1772-1827, (American Philosophical Society)

Caspar Wistar (1761-1818, APS 1787) was a Philadelphia physician and paleontologist. He was a professor at the University of Pennsylvania for three decades, and he served the American Philosophical Society in various offices, including that of president. He was the host of the popular weekly gatherings of local and visiting learned men that became known as the Wistar Parties.

He was born in Philadelphia, the son of Richard Wistar (1727-1781), a glass manufacturer, and Sarah Wyatt Wistar (1733-1771). His seven siblings included his younger sister Catharine, who was married to Benjamin Franklin’s grandson William Bache. Wistar is sometimes called Caspar Wistar, Jr., to distinguish him from his grandfather, also named Caspar Wistar (1696-1752). The elder Caspar was a merchant and glassmaker who had moved from Wald-Hilspach, Germany, to Philadelphia in 1717.

Born a Quaker, Wistar was educated at the Friends School at Fourth and Walnut Streets in Philadelphia. At age sixteen he volunteered as a nurse at the Battle of Germantown in 1777. It is said that this experience inspired him to become a physician. He commenced his medical studies that year, under the physician John Redman and later also with John Jones, a New York physician who had fled to Philadelphia. In 1779 Wistar enrolled in the medical department of what was then called the University of the State of Pennsylvania. In 1782, after receipt of his Bachelor of Medicine, he set out for a three year tour of study in England and Scotland. (Wistar was a practicing Friend throughout his life; however, prior to his departure he had trouble securing a certificate that testified to his diligent adherence to conduct becoming to a Friend for he had fallen “into Scandalous & alarming temptation of being engaged in a duel.”) While still a student he was elected one of the presidents of the Royal Medical Society and also president of the Society for the Further Investigation of Natural History. During his stay in England and Scotland he made the acquaintance of several notable figures, including James Boswell, Sir James McIntosh and William Cullen (1710-1790, APS 1768). In 1786 he graduated from the University of Edinburgh with a Doctorate of Medicine.

Back in Philadelphia, Wistar established a private medical practice that soon grew into one of the largest in the city. He was also elected to the College of Physicians and served as a physician to the Philadelphia Dispensary. In 1788 he became a professor of chemistry at the medical school of the College of Philadelphia in 1788. After the merger of the College with the University of the State of Pennsylvania in 1791, Wistar became an adjunct professor of anatomy, midwifery and surgery. In 1793 he joined the staff of the Pennsylvania Hospital. He nearly lost his life during the yellow fever epidemic of 1793 after being stricken by the disease while assisting his friend Benjamin Rush (1745-1813, APS 1768) in fighting the epidemic. Differences of opinion regarding treatment of this disease, including the drastic use of bleeding and purging, eventually caused a breech in their friendship. Nevertheless, Wistar remained Rush’s colleague at the Pennsylvania Hospital until 1810. In 1808 he was appointed to the chair in anatomy which had formerly been occupied by William Shippen. Wistar remained on the Penn faculty until his death in 1818.

Wistar was a popular teacher who enlivened his presentations with drawings and models that made it easier for students to follow his lectures and demonstrations. He developed a number of unique teaching aids, some of which were life-sized anatomical models made of dried and wax-injected human limbs and organs. Others were fashioned of wood, carved by America's first professional sculptor, William Rush. Two years before his death, Wistar appointed Dr. William Edmonds Horner (1793-1853, APS 1819), his long-time assistant in anatomy, as caretaker of these valuable models. Horner later enlarged the collection and opened the first anatomical museum in the United States, the Wistar and Horner Museum. The collection eventually passed to the Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, the first independent medical research facility established in the United States. The Institute, which was founded in 1892 by Wistar's great-nephew, Isaac J. Wistar (1827-1905, APS 1893), was named in honor of Caspar Wistar.

Wistar's reputation drew medical students to Philadelphia from around the world. His anatomy courses became so large that they eventually had to be divided into sections. Wistar wrote the first and very successful treatise on anatomy published in the United States, titled A System of Anatomy (2 vols., 1811, 1814). However, he was widely respected not only for his medical knowledge, but also for his general breadth of knowledge, which included the humanities as well as the sciences. In fact, while Wistar made few contributions to medical literature – his only medical article, a description of the sphenoid sinuses, was published the year he died –, he contributed several papers on scientific subjects outside of medicine, including paleontology and botany. His reputation as an authority on fossil bones was established as early as 1787, when he and Timothy Matlack (1730-1823, APS 1780) presented a paper on what may have been the first dinosaur bone examined by American scientists. In 1799 he published an article on the bones of the giant “megalonix” that Thomas Jefferson had deposited with the American Philosophical Society two years earlier. The essay, which appeared in the Society’s Transactions, is regarded as the first technical study of professional quality to be published by an American or in America in the field of vertebrate paleontology. One historian has called the achievement “almost incredible in view of the paleontological naïveté of his associates and of the lack of comparative materials.” Wistar also collaborated in Jefferson’s efforts to obtain the bones of the mastodon and associated animals, and he studied specimens returned from the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Some of his observations on the latter were published posthumously in the Transactions .

Wistar was as popular with his professional colleagues as he was with Philadelphia’s literati. He was particularly known for his hospitality, and his home was the weekly meeting place of students and scientists, including locals and distinguished foreign visitors. The physician Charles Caldwell (1772-1853, APS 1796) recalled later that “The company met, without ceremony, on a stated evening, where in the midst of a succession of suitable refreshments, the time passed away, oftentimes until a late hour, in agreeable, varied, and instructive discourse.” The “company” included, for example, Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859, APS 1804), who was a guest of honor when he visited Philadelphia in 1800, as well as the French botanist François Andre Michaux (1749-1802). A frequent attendant after his arrival in the United States in 1812 was the Abbé Corrêa da Serra (1750–1823, APS 1812), the Portuguese diplomat and naturalist. Wistar, who shared with the Abbé a serous interest in botany, became his close friend and accompanied him on several expeditions. The Wistar Parties were so popular that several leading members of the American Philosophical Society, including Stephen DuPonceau (1760-1844, APS 1791), continued to host them regularly after Wistar’s death.

Wistar was active in numerous scientific and learned organizations. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1787. He served as its curator in 1793 and vice-president in 1795, before succeeding Thomas Jefferson as president in 1815, a position he held until his death. Wistar was especially supportive of the Historical and Literary Committee that was established in 1815 to serve as the collection, research, and publishing arm of the Society. He was elected a Fellow of the College of Physicians in 1788, and he served as a trustee of the College of Philadelphia from 1789 to 1791. In 1815 he was elected an honorary member of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New York. The botanist Thomas Nuttall (1786-1859, APS 1817) honored Wistar by naming the plant genus Wisteria after him.

Wistar’s support of many progressive causes is reflected in his affiliation with a number of reform organizations. He was a founder of the Society for Circulating the Benefit of Vaccination, and he belonged to the Pennsylvania Prison Society, the Humane Society, and the Society for the Abolition of Slavery, of which he became president in 1813. In 1791 Wistar bought and then freed a slave “to extricate him from that degraded Situation.”

Caspar Wistar died in 1818 after a period of declining health. He was married twice, first in 1788 to Isabella Marshall, who died childless two years later. In 1798 he married Elizabeth Mifflin, with whom he had three children: Dr. Richard Mifflin Wistar, Dr. Mifflin Wistar, and Elizabeth Wistar. There were no grandchildren.

From the guide to the Caspar Wistar Papers, 1794-1817, (American Philosophical Society)

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creatorOf Lecture notes on anatomy, [ca. 1781-1809], Circa 1781-1809 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Robert M. (Robert Maskell) Patterson papers, 1775-1853, 1775-1853 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. Inventory of estate, 1837. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. Lectures : on chemistry, 1790. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995, (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Charles Wilkins Short correspondence, 1813-1867, 1813-1867 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Caspar Wistar Papers, 1794-1817 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts (continuation record), 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
creatorOf Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1807-1816, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Wistar family. Papers, 1717-1848 (inclusive), 1717, 1730-1800, 1848 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606-1943, (bulk 1775-1826) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Documents relating to Charles Sumner, 1828-1912. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to Thomas Jefferson, 1816 May 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Miscellaneous Benjamin Franklin Collections, 1710-1822 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Bache family. Papers, 1770-1890 (bulk), 1770-1923 (inclusive). American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Horner, William E. (William Edmonds), 1793-1853. Letter, 1839, Aug. 6 : Philadelphia, to Joseph B. Boyd, Cincinnati. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Shippen, William, 1736?-1808. Notes taken from the anatomical lectures of Doctors Shippen and Wistar, in the University of Pennsylvania, by Wm. Darlington, student of medicine [manuscript] : [followed by notes of William Shippen's "Lectures on midwifery"]. McGill University Library
referencedIn Minor, James, 1785-1828. Papers of James Minor, 1801-1817. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Wister, Elizabeth Emlen Randolph. Recipe book, 1848-1921. Winterthur Library
creatorOf Cutbush, Edward, 1772-1843. Papers, 1794-1811. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Biographical tributes to Caspar Wistar, 1918, 1918 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Spalding, Lyman, 1775-1821. Papers, 1799-1820. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. Papers, 1815-1839. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823. Note nécrologique sur le Docteur Wistar, 1818. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIj, 1898-1988 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. ALS : Philadelphia, to Mr. Maddison, 1801 Oct. 15. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Morris family. Papers, 1711-1949 (bulk 1790-1905). Haverford College Library
creatorOf Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. Commonplace book, 1796-1813. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Thomas Jefferson papers, 1606-1943 (bulk 1775-1826). Library of Congress
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Morris family. Papers, 1684-1935. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. Letters, 1794-1817. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Hays, I. Minis (Isaac Minis), 1847-1925. Biographical tributes to Caspar Wistar, 1918. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives, 1743-1984 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Caspar Wistar commonplace book, 1796-1813, 1796-1813 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Marshall, Humphry, 1722-1801. Humphry Marshall Papers, 1721-1863 (bulk: 1760-1800). University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. Lecture notes on anatomy, [ca. 1781-1809]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Bache, Catherine Wistar, 1770-1820. Correspondence, 1788-1820. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn William Thornton papers, [ca. 1741-1804], Circa 1741-1804 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
creatorOf Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. Letter from Caspar Wistar to Dr. William Bache in care of Hore Browse Trist [manuscript], 1800 July 2. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn William Thornton Papers, 1741-1865 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. ALS : Washington, [D.C.], to John Vaughan, [Philadelphia, Pa.], 1808 June 22. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Bache family papers, 1770-1890 (bulk), 1770-1923 (inclusive), Bulk, 1770-1890, 1770-1923 (Bulk 1770-1890) American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Patterson-Lord papers, [ca. 1809]-1876, Circa 1809-1876 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIa, 1743-1806 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Miscellaneous Benjamin Franklin Collections, 1710-1822 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf University of Pennsylvania. Card of admission to lectures at the University of Pennsylvania. Medical University of South Carolina Libraries
creatorOf José Francisco Correia da Serra papers, 1772-1827, 1772-1827 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Sharples, Catharine Franklin, 1768-1824. Catharine Franklin Sharples family papers, 1709-1866, bulk 1790-1840. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Brown Family. Papers, 1788-1915. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Caspar Wistar Inventory of Estate, February 15, 1837. Presented by Barry L. Glaser, 1980, 1837 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Note nécrologique sur le Docteur Wistar, 1818, 1818 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Benezet, Anthony, 1713-1784. Letter, 25th 4th mo. 1784 (April 25th, 1784), Philad[elphi]a, To "My dear Gaspar" [sic] [Caspar Wistar] / Anthony Benezet. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Stauffer, David McNeely, 1845-1913,. Collection, ca. 1644-1884. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives, 1743-1984 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Gilmer, Francis Walker, 1790-1826. Correspondence of Francis Walker Gilmer [manuscript], 1784-1826. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. Chemistry lectures, [1784] / C. Wistar. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Carson, Joseph, 1808-1876,. Letters, 1789-1858. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIb, 1807-1825 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Papers, 1775-1825. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Thomas Jefferson papers, 1775-1825, 1775-1825 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Duffield, Benjamin, 1753-1799. List of physicians, [ca. 1797]. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. ALS : to an unidentified correspondent, 1817 July 14. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Morris, Anthony, 1766-1860. ALS, 1798 November 29 to Caspar Wistar Jr. / Anthony Morris. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Joseph Carson letters, 1789-1858, 1789-1858 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Thornton, William, 1759-1828. Papers, [ca. 1741-1804]. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Benezet, Anthony, 1713-1784. Papers, 1750-1936 (bulk 1750-1784). Haverford College Library
creatorOf Bache, Catherine Wistar. ALS, [1803], October 31, Settle, [PA], to Caspar Wistar. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Vaux family. Vaux family papers, 1684-1923, bulk 1795-1890. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Biddle, Nicholas, 1786-1844. Nicholas Biddle letters, 1817-1840, and undated. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Coxe, John Redman, 1773-1864. Papers, 1747-1800. Winterthur Library
referencedIn Thomas Jefferson, letters to and from various persons, 1791-1840, 1791-1840 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Patterson family. Patterson-Lord papers, [ca. 1809]-1876. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Catharine Wistar Bache Papers, 1788-1822 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823. Papers, 1772-1823 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863. Correspondence, 1813-1867. American Philosophical Society Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Académie des sciences (France) person
associatedWith Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848 person
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Alison, Francis, 1705-1779 person
associatedWith Ambroise M. F. J., Baron de Palisot de Beauvois person
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. Membership. corporateBody
associatedWith Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798 person
associatedWith Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1801-1881 person
associatedWith Bache, Catherine Wistar. person
associatedWith Bache, Catherine Wistar, 1770-1820. person
associatedWith Bache, Elizabeth Franklin, 1777-1820 person
associatedWith Bache family family
associatedWith Bache family. family
associatedWith Bache, Richard, 1737-1811 person
associatedWith Bache, Richard, 1784-1848 person
associatedWith Bache, Sarah Franklin, 1743-1808 person
associatedWith Bache, Theophylact, 1735-1807 person
associatedWith Bache, William, 1773-1818. person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Bard, John, 1716-1799 person
associatedWith Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815 person
associatedWith Benezet, Anthony, 1713-1784. person
associatedWith Biddle, A. Sydney person
associatedWith Biddle, Nicholas, 1786-1844. person
associatedWith Black, Joseph, 1728-1799. person
associatedWith Bond, Thomas, 1712-1784 person
associatedWith Brown Family. family
associatedWith Brown, Samuel, 1768-1805. person
associatedWith Brown, Samuel, 1769-1830 person
associatedWith Camper, Adrian Gilles, 1759-1820. person
associatedWith Carr, Frank person
associatedWith Carson, Joseph, 1808-1876, person
associatedWith Carson, Marian S., person
associatedWith Carson, Marian S., person
associatedWith Carson, Marian S., collector. person
associatedWith Clayton, John, 1686-1773 person
associatedWith Colden, Cadwallader, 1688-1776 person
associatedWith Collinson, Peter, 1694-1768 person
associatedWith Cooper, Hannah person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Corrêa da Serra, Edward J. person
associatedWith Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823. person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Coxe, John Redman, 1773-1864. person
associatedWith Currie, William, 1754-1828 person
associatedWith Cutbush, Edward, 1772-1843. person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, baron, 1769-1832. person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Dauxion Lavaysse, J. -J. (Jean-J.), ca. 1770-1826 person
associatedWith Davis, Richard Beale person
associatedWith Deborah (Ship). corporateBody
associatedWith Deborah (Ship). corporateBody
associatedWith Duane, Margaret Markoe Bache, fl. 1800-1835. person
associatedWith Duane, Russell, 1866- person
associatedWith Duane, William, 1760-1835. person
associatedWith Duffield, Benjamin, 1753-1799. person
associatedWith Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844 person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Fothergill, John, 1712-1780 person
associatedWith Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 person
associatedWith Franklin, William, 1731-1813 person
associatedWith Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823 person
associatedWith Gahn, Henry person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Gillespie, E. D. (Elizabeth Duane), b. 1821 person
associatedWith Gilmer, Francis Walker, 1790-1826. person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Hammar, James person
associatedWith Hammar, James. person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Hays, I. Minis, (Isaac Minis), 1847-1925 person
associatedWith Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823. person
associatedWith Hewson, M. S., (Mary Stevenson) person
associatedWith Hewson, William, 1739-1774 person
associatedWith Heydrick, Christopher, person
associatedWith Horner, William E. (William Edmonds), 1793-1853. person
associatedWith Hosack, Mary Eddy Wistar person
associatedWith Hosack, Mrs. Mary Eddy person
associatedWith Humboldt, Alexander von, 1769-1859 person
associatedWith Institut de France. Bibliothèque person
associatedWith Irwin, Sophia A. person
associatedWith James, Thomas C., (Thomas Chalkley), 1766-1835 person
correspondedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Jones, M person
associatedWith Kennedy, M. person
associatedWith La Sociedad Medica de Emulacion de Barcelona. corporateBody
associatedWith Linnaeus, Carl person
associatedWith Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Livingston, William, 1723-1790 person
associatedWith Madison, James, 1751-1836 person
associatedWith Mallory, G person
associatedWith Marcy, William L. (William Learned) 1786-1857 person
associatedWith Markoe, Fr person
associatedWith Markoe, Peter, 1752? -1792 person
associatedWith Marshall, Humphry, 1722-1801. person
associatedWith Massachusetts Historical Society person
associatedWith McClurg, James, ca. 1746-1823 person
associatedWith McCorckle, Samuel person
associatedWith Michaux, François André, 1770-1855. person
associatedWith Middleton, Peter, 1752-1781 person
associatedWith Miller, Mr. person
associatedWith Miller, Samuel, 1769-1850. person
associatedWith Minor, James, 1785-1828. person
associatedWith Mitchill, Samuel L., (Samuel Latham), 1764-1831 person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831 person
associatedWith Montgomery, Dorcas? person
associatedWith Morgan, Benjamin Rawle, 1765-1840. person
associatedWith Morris, Anthony, 1766-1860. person
associatedWith Morris family. family
associatedWith Morris family. family
associatedWith Morris, Mathias person
associatedWith Muhlenberg, Gotthilf Henrich Ernst, 1753-1815 person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Norris, Charles person
associatedWith Norris, Charles. person
associatedWith Nuttall, Thomas, 1786-1859 person
associatedWith Ord, George, 1781-1866 person
associatedWith Otis, Bass, 1784-1861. person
associatedWith Palisot de Beauvois, Ambroise Marie François Joseph, 1752-1820. person
associatedWith Palisot de Beauvois, Ambrose-Marie-François-Joseph, 1752-1820 person
associatedWith Patterson family. family
associatedWith Patterson family. family
associatedWith Patterson, Robert, 1743-1824 person
associatedWith Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827. person
associatedWith Pepper, George Wharton, 1867-1961 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Porter, Daniel D. person
associatedWith Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804 person
associatedWith Rademaker, Joseph person
associatedWith Raffeneau-Delile, Alire, 1778-1850 person
associatedWith Ramsay, David, 1749-1815 person
associatedWith Randolph, Thomas M., (Thomas Mann), 1768-1828 person
associatedWith Rawle, William, 1759-1836 person
associatedWith Redick, David person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Rush, Richard person
associatedWith Ryerss (?), H person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Sergeant, Thomas, 1782-1860 person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Sharples, Catharine Franklin, 1768-1824. person
associatedWith Shippen, William, 1736?-1808. person
associatedWith Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863. person
associatedWith Skipwith, Fulwar, 1765-1839 person
associatedWith Smith, James Edward, Sir, 1759-1828 person
associatedWith Smith, William, 1727-1803 person
associatedWith Spalding, Lyman, 1775-1821. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Spring, Samuel person
associatedWith State of New York. Surrogates Court. County of Kings. corporateBody
associatedWith Stauffer, David McNeely, 1845-1913, person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Sylvestre person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Thornton, William, 1759-1828. person
associatedWith Tilesius von Tilenau, Wilhelm Gottlieb person
associatedWith Trist, E person
associatedWith Trist, Hore Browse, 1775-1804. person
associatedWith Trist, Mrs. Mary Brown person
associatedWith University of Edinburgh. Faculty of Medicine. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. Dept. of Medicine - Faculty. corporateBody
associatedWith U. S. Navy person
associatedWith Van Emburgh, family
associatedWith Van Emburgh, Colonel. person
associatedWith Vasques, Joaquim Joze person
associatedWith Vaughan, John, 1756-1841 person
associatedWith Vaughan, Sarah person
associatedWith Vaux family. family
associatedWith Walsh, Robert, 1784-1859 person
associatedWith Warden, David Bailie, 1772-1845. person
associatedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799 person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith W., H S person
associatedWith Wistar, Bartholomew, 1790-1841 person
associatedWith Wistar, Elizabeth. family
associatedWith Wistar, Esther Fisher Smith, b. 1818 person
associatedWith Wistar family. family
associatedWith Wistar, Thomas person
associatedWith Wister, E H person
associatedWith Wister, Elizabeth Emlen Randolph. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States - History - Revolution - 1775-1783 - Personal narratives
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Missouri
United States - History - 1783-1865
United States - Armed Forces - Medical personnel
United States - History - Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775
United States - Armed Forces - Medical care
West (U.S.)
Subject
Science and technology
Beyond Early America
Chemistry--Study and teaching--18th century
Paleontology--19th century
Botany
Physicians
Medicine
Amputation--Study and teaching
International travel
Typhus fever
Paleontology
Law
Education
Communicable diseases
Medicine--Study and teaching
Anatomy--Study and teaching
Yellow fever
Printing and Publishing
Inventories of decedents' estates--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Philadelphia History
Travel
Medicine--19th century
Women's history
American Philosophical Society
Chemistry
Marriage and Family Life
Medical education--United States
Inventories of decedent's estates
Natural history
Obstetrics--Study and teaching
Funeral orations
Meteorology--Observations
Chemistry--Early works to 1800
Occupation
Scientists
Journalists--Pennsylvania
Physicians--Pennsylvania
Function

Person

Birth 1761-09-13

Death 1818-01-22

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