Cabral, Amílcar, 1924-1973

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Amílcar Cabral (b. September 12, 1924, Bafatá, Guinea-Bissau–d. January 20, 1973, Conakry, Guinea-Bissau) was also known as Abel Djassi. He was a Bissau-Guinean and Cape Verdean agricultural engineer, intellectual, revolutionary, political organizer, and diplomat; Cabral led the nationalist movement of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde Islands and the ensuing war of independence in Guinea-Bissau. While studying agronomy at the Instituto Superior de Agronomia in Lisbon, Portugal, he founded s student movement dedicated to opposing the ruling dictatorship of Portugal and promoting the cause of independence for the Portuguese colonies in Africa. After Cabral's return to Africa in the 1950s, he was instrumental in promoting the independence causes of the then Portuguese colonies. In 1956, he founded the PAIGC (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde) and the MPLA (Movimento Popular Libertação de Angola) with Agostinho Neto. Carbal was also an asset of the Czechoslovak State Security (StB), and under the codename "Secretary", providing intelligence information. He led the PAIGC's guerrilla movement against the Portuguese government, which evolved into one of the most successful wars of independence in modern African history. Cabral was assassinated on January 20, 1973.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Baraka, Amiri, 1934-. Amiri Baraka / Leroi Jones collection, 1954-1970 1997-2004. Newark Public Library, Main Library
referencedIn Baraka, Amiri, 1934-. Amiri Baraka / Leroi Jones collection, 1961-1972 Newark Public Library, Main Library
referencedIn Lincoln University (Pa.). Honorary degree recipients collection, 1868-1989 (bulk 1940-1989). Lincoln University, Langston Hughes Memorial Library, Langston Hughes Memorial Library
referencedIn Ronald H. Chilcote collection on Latin America, 1900-2011 Rivera Library. Special Collections Department.
referencedIn [Guinea-Bissau--Speeches]. Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agostinho Neto, António, 1922-1979. person
associatedWith Baraka, Amiri, 1934- person
associatedWith Chilcote, Ronald H. person
associatedWith Lincoln University (Pa.) corporateBody
founderOf MPLA corporateBody
founderOf PAIGC corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Republic of Guinea-Bissau GW
Conakry 04 GN
Bafatá 01 GW
Subject
Occupation
Political scientists
Agricultural Engineer
Function

Person

Birth 1924-09-12

Death 1973-01-20

Bissau-Guineans

Portuguese

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SNAC ID: 44205162