Mill, James, 1773-1836

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British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000474.0x000066

English philosopher.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : India House, [London], to Professor Wallace, 1819 Dec. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270845265

Epithet: philosopher

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000474.0x000068

James Mill, 1773-1836, was educated in Edinburgh by Sir John Stuart of Fettercain, and was licensed to preach in 1798. He moved to London in 1802 and supported his family by writing. He became editor of the 'Literary Journal' in 1803 and the 'St James Chronicle' in 1805, and also wrote for the 'Edinburgh Review' from 1808 to 1813. In 1808, Mill met Jeremy Bentham, was converted to his utilitarian philosophy, and abandoned theology. Thereafter, Mill took an active part in the Bell and Lancaster educational controversy and formed an association to set up a Chrestomathic school in 1814, the outcome of this being the formation of the London University in 1825. He also contributed articles to the 'Westminster Review', which was established as the official Benthamite paper. He was also connected with David Ricardo and took part in meetings at Ricardo's house which resulted in the Political Economy Club being founded in 1820.

John Stuart Mill, 1806-1873, was educated by his father, James Mill, to a very high level at an early age. Like his father he was a staunch utilitarian and he was also active in radical causes. In 1823, he formed the Utilitarian Society, which met to read and discuss essays, in 1825, he edited Bentham's 'Rationale of Judicial Evidence' and in 1826, he assisted in the formation of the Speculative Society. By the 1830's, John Stuart Mill had become interested in the work of romantic writers such as Wordsworth and also in the French Revolution. The 1832 Reform Bill seemed to give an opportunity for the Radicals to gain influence in Parliament and much of his energy at this time was given over to this. In 1835 he founded the 'London Review' which merged with the 'Westminster Review' in 1836. As proprietor from 1837-1840 he tried to use the paper to promote the philosophical radicals and their cause in Parliament. However by 1840 he had been unable to achieve his end and so gave up proprietership of the paper. The 1840s were devoted to writing his great works on logic and economics. In 1851, he married Harriet Taylor, who died in 1858. He was elected MP for Westminster in 1865 and served as a radical. He was a supporter of the 1867 Reform Bill and was active in support of the Labour Movement, the extension of the franchise to women, cumulative voting, Irish land reforms, municipal government for London and became embroiled in the Eyre controversy. He also proposed the Hare plan as an amendment to the Representation of the People Bill but failed in an attempt to obtain the vote for women. After he lost his seat in 1868, he continued to write articles and books and completed a revision of his autobiography before his death.

Harriet Taylor (nee Hardy), 1807-1858, was the daughter of a London surgeon. At the age of eighteen, she married John Taylor, a wealthy businessman. She and her husband were both active in the Unitarian Church and held radical political views. Harriet Taylor first met John Stuart Mill in 1830. During their association she worked closely with him contributing suggestions and revisions to his work. She was particularly influential in forming his ideas on women's rights, making him aware of the hardship suffered by women. In 1833, Harriet Taylor separated from her husband. He died of cancer in 1849, and two years later, she married John Stuart Mill.

Helen Taylor, 1831-1907, the daughter of Harriet Taylor, became companion to John Stuart Mill on the death of her mother in 1858. She assisted him in his work and helped to keep alive his interest in women's rights. She also campaigned in her own right on women's suffrage, the social position and education of women. She was a member of the Moral Reform Union and a leading light in the fight to abolish school fees and provide school meals.

From the guide to the MILL, James, 1773-1836; MILL, John Stuart, 1806-1873; MILL, Harriet Taylor nee Hardy, 1808-1858; TAYLOR, Helen, 1831-1907, 1817-1918, (British Library of Political and Economic Science)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn David Ricardo: Correspondence and Papers, c.1794-1976 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Place, Francis, 1771-1854. Papers of Francis Place in the British Library, 1791-1854 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Walter Coulson manuscript material : 1 item, ca. 1830 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
referencedIn Houghton Library. Houghton Library printed book provenance file, L-Q. 1942. Houghton Library
creatorOf Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Baron, 1800-1859. Autograph letter signed : Calcutta, to James Mill, 1835 Aug. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Boswell's Life of Johnson : including Boswell's Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into North Wales, edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1464-1897 (inclusive), 1724-1874 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf OAC Review Index. Our College / by J.B. Reynolds, OAC Review, v.15, no.3, Dec.1902, p.3-7. Brief History. University of Guelph
creatorOf Mill, James, 1773-1836. Autograph letter signed : India House, [London], to Professor Wallace, 1819 Dec. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf MILL, James, 1773-1836; MILL, John Stuart, 1806-1873; MILL, Harriet Taylor nee Hardy, 1808-1858; TAYLOR, Helen, 1831-1907, 1817-1918 British Library of Political and Economic Science
referencedIn Coulson, Walter, 1795-1860. Walter Coulson manuscript material : 1 item, ca. 1830 New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Vol. xlvi. June. 1799-Dec. 1800.John Caillaud, Brigadier-General: Letters to W. Hastings: 1772-1808.Sweeney Toone, Major: Letters to W. Hastings: 1773-1817.Edward Baber, Resident at Moidapore: Letters to W. Hastings: 1773-1819.Charles Chapman, Reside... British Library
referencedIn Vol. I. (ff. i. + 460). Letters of "men of political and literary reputation, probably selected by Francis Place, junior"; Sept. 1813-21 June 1852.Francis Place: Correspondence: 1813-1852.includes:ff. 1-3 Maps and Plans: Walk from London to Northampt... British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Boswell, James, 1740-1795 person
associatedWith Cairnes, John Elliott, 1823-1975 person
associatedWith Chapman, John, 1821-1894 person
associatedWith Coulson, Walter, 1795-1860. person
associatedWith Fawcett, Henry, 1833-1884 person
associatedWith Fonblanque, Albany, 1793-1872 person
associatedWith Fonblanque, Edward Barrington, De, 1821-1895 person
associatedWith Houghton Library. person
associatedWith London Review corporateBody
associatedWith London School Board corporateBody
associatedWith Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Baron, 1800-1859. person
associatedWith Mill, Harriet Taylor, 1807-1858 person
associatedWith Mill, John Stuart, 1806-1873 person
associatedWith Molesworth, Sir, William, 1810-1855, 8th Baronet, politician person
associatedWith Moral Reform Union corporateBody
associatedWith Nesbitt, William, fl 1859 person
associatedWith OAC Review Index. corporateBody
associatedWith Place, Francis, 1771-1854. person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Ricardo, David person
associatedWith Taylor, Helen, 1831-1907 person
associatedWith Thornton, William Thomas, 1813-1880 person
associatedWith Wallace, Professor, person
associatedWith Westminster Review corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Sardinia Italy
Educational systems
Political science
Internal politics
Rights of special groups
Women's education
Local government
Public administration
Electoral systems
Learned societies
Women's suffrage
Women's rights


Birth 1773-04-08

Death 1836-06-23





Ark ID: w6j39mmr

SNAC ID: 55611446