Sherman, J. S. (James Schoolcraft), 1855-1912

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James Schoolcraft Sherman (October 24, 1855 – October 30, 1912) was an American politician who was a United States representative from New York from 1887 to 1891 and 1893 to 1909, and the 27th vice president of the United States from 1909 until his death. He was a member of the interrelated Baldwin, Hoar, and Sherman families, prominent lawyers and politicians of New England and New York.

Although not a high-powered administrator, he made a natural congressional committee chairman, and his genial personality eased the workings of the House, so that he was known as 'Sunny Jim'. He was the first vice president to fly in a plane (1911), and also the first to throw out the ceremonial first pitch at a baseball game.

Diagnosed with Bright's disease in 1904, Sherman's health was failing by the time of the 1912 campaign. Less than a week before the election, he died at home in Utica, six days after his 57th birthday, and President Taft was left with no running mate, although Nicholas Murray Butler was designated to receive the electoral votes that Sherman would have received. Taft and Butler came in third place in the election, carrying only eight electoral votes from Utah and Vermont. Democratic candidate Woodrow Wilson and his running mate Thomas R. Marshall won the election while Progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt and his running mate Hiram Johnson came in second place. The vice presidency remained vacant until Marshall's inauguration on March 4, 1913.

Sherman is the most recent vice president to have died in office.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Fairbanks mss., 1819-1939 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
referencedIn Records of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1789 - 2015. Materials from the Speaker of the House Joseph Cannon's Trunk, 1903 - 1909. National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
referencedIn Chauncey M. Depew papers, 1880-1925 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Kinsley, Guy R., b. 1886. Papers, 1904-1908. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn General Records of the United States Government, 1778 - 2006. Enrolled Acts and Resolutions of Congress, 1789 - 2013. National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
referencedIn W.R. Grace & Co. W.R. Grace & Co. records, 1828-1986, bulk 1861-1960. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Needham, James Carson, 1864-1942. James Carson Needham papers, 1893-1936. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library
creatorOf Sherman, J. S. (James Schoolcraft), 1855-1912. James Schoolcraft Sherman letter, 1912 June 12. Camden County Historical Society
referencedIn Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. William H. Taft papers, 1784-1973 (bulk 1880-1930). Library of Congress
referencedIn William H. Taft Papers, 1784-1973, (bulk 1880-1930) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Sherman family. Correspondence, (1850-1887). American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Bingham family. Bingham family papers, 1817-1910. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Records of the National Park Service, 1785 - 2006. National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records, 2013 - 2017 National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States, 1685 - 2009. Certificates of Electors of the Electoral College for Massachusetts, 1840 - 1964 National Archives at Boston
creatorOf Depew, Chauncey M. (Chauncey Mitchell), 1834-1928. Chauncey M. Depew papers, 1880-1925. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sherman, J. S. (James Schoolcraft), 1855-1912. James Schoolcraft Sherman papers, 1883-1912, bulk (1906-1912). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Abel Bingham Family Papers, 1817-1910, 1828-1866 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. Papers of William H. Taft, 1784-1973. Library of Congress
referencedIn Woodruff, Timothy Lester. Papers, 1897-1909 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
creatorOf Sherman, James S. Letters concerning Ely S. Parker, 1904 Aug. 31 and Sept. 14. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, 1773 - 2007. Case Files of Attorneys, Agents, Pensioners, and Others Relating to the Prosecution of Pension Claims and the Investigation of Fraudulent Practices, ca. 1886 - 1933 National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
referencedIn Hilles, Charles Dewey, 1867-1949. Charles Dewey Hilles papers, 1823-1955 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf James Schoolcraft Sherman papers, 1883-1912, 1906-1912 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Charles Dewey Hilles papers, 1823-1955 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Frederick Lieder political button collection, 1856-1918. Houghton Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library
referencedIn Papers, 1830-1910. Houghton Library
referencedIn Woodruff, Timothy Lester. Papers, 1897-1909. University of Chicago Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bingham family. family
associatedWith Bingham Family. family
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Depew, Chauncey M. (Chauncey Mitchell), 1834-1928. person
associatedWith Fairbanks, Charles W. (Charles Warren), 1852-1918 person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Hamilton college Clinton, N.Y. corporateBody
associatedWith Hilles, Charles Dewey, 1867-1949. person
associatedWith Hitchcock, Frank H. (Frank Harris), 1867-1935. person
associatedWith Kinsley, Guy R., b. 1886. person
associatedWith Knox, Philander C. (Philander Chase), 1853-1921. person
associatedWith Lieder, Frederick W. C. (Frederick William Charles), 1881-1953 person
associatedWith Marvin family. family
associatedWith Needham, James Carson, 1864-1942. person
correspondedWith Palmer, William M., d, 1918 person
associatedWith Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895. person
associatedWith Progressive Party (1912) corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Root, Elihu, 1845-1937. person
associatedWith Sherman family. family
childOf Sherman, Richard Updike, 1819-1895 person
associatedWith Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950. person
correspondedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. corporateBody
memberOf United States. Congress. House of Representatives corporateBody
associatedWith Williams, John Sharp, 1854-1932. person
associatedWith Woodruff, Timothy Lester. person
associatedWith W.R. Grace & Co. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Utica NY US
District of Columbia DC US
Utica NY US
Subject
Veterans
Banks and banking
Military pensions--Law and legislation
Tariff
Tariff--United States
Indians of North America
Vice presidents--Correspondence
Payne--Aldrich Tariff (1909)
Occupation
Businessmen
Politicians
Lawyers
Representatives, U.S. Congress--New York (State)
Vice Presidents--United States
Legislators--United States
Lawyers
Mayors
Function

Person

Birth 1855-10-24

Death 1912-10-30

Male

Americans

English

Information

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