Clayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856

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Farmer, lawyer, and statesman.

From the description of John M. Clayton papers, 1798-1868 (bulk 1819-1850). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980031

Clayton served as U.S. Secretary of State, 1849-1850.

From the description of ALS, 1850 June 15 : Department of State, Washington, to John Charles Fremont. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15531096

Politician

Clayton, who was born in Delaware, served in the U.S. Senate (1828-1836, 1845-1848) and as the U.S. Secretary of State 1849-1850. During his political career he was close friends with Henry Clay (before 1848) and an advisor to Governor of Kentucky J.J. Crittenden.

From the description of Kentucky portion of John M. Clayton papers, 1843-1851. (University of Kentucky Libraries). WorldCat record id: 13066996

Biographical Note

  • 1796: Born, Sussex County, Del.
  • 1815: Graduate, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
  • 1819: Admitted to the bar
  • 1822: Married Sarah Ann Fisher
  • 1829 - 1836 : United States senator
  • 1837 - 1839 : Chief justice of Delaware
  • 1845 - 1849 : United States senator
  • 1849 - 1850 : Secretary of state
  • 1850: Signed Clayton-Bulwer Treaty
  • 1853 - 1856 : United States senator
  • 1856, Nov. 9: Died, Dover, Del.

From the guide to the John M. Clayton Papers, 1798-1868, (bulk 1819-1850), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Du Pont, Samuel Francis, 1803-1865. Papers, 1812-1865. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. ALS : Springfield, Ill., to John M. Clayton, Washington, D.C., 1849 July 28. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Lewis H. Machen Family Papers, 1802-1938, (bulk 1830-1879) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Thayer, George W. Lucius Lyon papers, 1770-1934, bulk 1833-1851. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Zachary Taylor Papers, 1814-1931 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Clayton family. Clayton family papers, 1721-1856. Historical Society of Delaware
referencedIn Wickham family. Wickham family papers, 1785-1958 (inclusive), 1814-1901 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. Zachary Taylor papers, 1814-1931. Library of Congress
referencedIn Lewis Cass papers, Cass, Lewis, papers, 1774-1924 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Fisher, George P. (George Purnell), 1817-1899. George P. Fisher papers, 1772-1905. Library of Congress
referencedIn Wawa, Inc. Historical collection, 1737-1965. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Clayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856. Kentucky portion of John M. Clayton papers, 1843-1851. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Wickham Family papers, 1785-1958, 1814-1901 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn McLean, John, 1785-1861. John McLean papers, 1817-1861 (bulk 1829-1860). Library of Congress
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Lewis Cass papers, 1774-1924. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. Letters, 1848. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf John Middleton Clayton letters, 1847-1855 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Letcher, Robert Perkins, 1788-1861. Robert Perkins Letcher papers, 1844-1853. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
creatorOf Clayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856. Letter to Mary E. Bird, 1854. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Benson, Egbert, 1746-1833. Papers, 1772-1939. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Smith, Franklin E., d. 1878. Papers, 1818-1890; (bulk 1835-1870). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. Henry Clay letter to John Middleton Clayton [manuscript] 1838 June 15. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Clayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856. Letter to Asbury Dickens [Dickins], Secretary of the U.S. Senate : ALS, 1850 Apr. 25. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Clayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856. ALS, 1850 June 15 : Department of State, Washington, to John Charles Fremont. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn John McLean Papers, 1817-1861, (bulk 1829-1860) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Lawrence, Abbott, 1792-1855. Abbott Lawrence papers, 1849-1852. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Clayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856. Letter, 1851 February 6, Newcastle, Del., to Daniel Webster, Washington. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn George P. Fisher Papers, 1772-1905 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Du Pont, Henry, 1812-1889. Papers, 1822-1899. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn John J. Crittenden Papers, 1782-1913, (bulk 1841-1888) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf United States. Dept. of State. Passport, 1850 March 21, Washington, D.C., to Philetus Fales. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf John M. Clayton Papers, 1798-1868, (bulk 1819-1850) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863. John J. Crittenden papers, 1782-1913 (bulk 1841-1888). Library of Congress
creatorOf Clayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856. Note, 1834 May 1. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
referencedIn Du Pont, Eleuthera Bradford, 1873-1953,. The Eleuthera Bradford du Pont Collection, 1799-1834. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Machen, Lewis H. (Lewis Henry), 1790-1863. Lewis H. Machen family papers, 1802-1938 (bulk 1830-1879). Library of Congress
referencedIn James A. Bayard and Richard H. Bayard Papers, 1797-1885 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Samuel Chester Reid Family Papers, 1807-1963, (bulk 1830-1897) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Sparks, William Alexander, 1817-1849. William Alexander Sparks papers, 1843-2005 (bulk, 1843-1852) University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889. Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to John Young Mason, n.p., 1848 Dec. 27. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Bayard, James A. (James Asheton), 1767-1815. James A. Bayard and Richard H. Bayard papers, 1797-1885. Library of Congress
referencedIn Squier, E. G. (Ephraim George), 1821-1888. Papers, 1847-1894 (bulk 1849-1859). New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Delaware. Court of Errors and Appeals. Notes of proceedings and cases determined in the high court of errors and appeals, the court of chancery, and the orphans court of the state of Delaware, 1792-1832. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Lucius Lyon papers, Lyon, Lucius, papers, 1770-1934, 1833-1851 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Reid, Samuel Chester, 1783-1861. Samuel Chester Reid family papers, 1807-1963 (bulk 1830-1897). Library of Congress
creatorOf United States. President (1849-1850 : Taylor). Commission appointing Abraham Lincoln Secretary of the Territory of Oregon : true copy, 1849 Aug. 9. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Clayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856. John M. Clayton papers, 1798-1868 (bulk 1819-1850). Library of Congress
creatorOf Corwin, Thomas, 1794-1865. Autograph letter signed : Washington City, to John M. Clayton, Secretary of State, 1849 Mar. 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. [Letter] 1848 Sep. 4, East Pascagoula, Me. [to] John M. Clayton / Z. Taylor. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Machen, Lewis H. (Lewis Henry), 1790-1863. Family papers, 1802-1938. Library of Congress
creatorOf Clayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856. Autograph signature to an order : 1849 June 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Spruance, William C. (William Corbit), 1873-1935,. Lea Mills Collection, 1679-1938. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Pierre S. (Pierre Samuel), 1870-1954,. The Longwood Manuscripts, 1438-1954. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Clayton, John M. (John Middleton), 1796-1856. Correspondence with Robert Montgomery Bird, 1842-1847. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. Henry Clay papers, 1834-1844 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Bayard, James A. (James Asheton), 1767-1815 person
correspondedWith Bayard, James A. (James Asheton), 1799-1880 person
correspondedWith Bayard, Richard H. (Richard Henry), 1796-1868 person
associatedWith Benson, Egbert, 1746-1833. person
correspondedWith Benton, Thomas Hart, 1782-1858 person
correspondedWith Bird, Robert Montgomery, 1806-1854 person
correspondedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852 person
associatedWith Clayton family. family
associatedWith Combs, Leslie, 1793-1881. person
associatedWith Corwin, Thomas, 1794-1865. person
correspondedWith Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863 person
correspondedWith Dalling and Bulwer, Henry Lytton Bulwer, Baron, 1801-1872 person
correspondedWith Davis, Charles Augustus, 1795-1867 person
associatedWith Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Delaware. Court of Errors and Appeals. corporateBody
associatedWith Dickins, Asbury, 1780-1861. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Eleuthera Bradford, 1873-1953, person
correspondedWith Du Pont family family
correspondedWith Du Pont family family
associatedWith Du Pont, Henry, 1812-1889. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Pierre S. (Pierre Samuel), 1870-1954, person
associatedWith Du Pont, Samuel Francis, 1803-1865. person
correspondedWith Fillmore, Millard, 1800-1874 person
associatedWith Fisher, George P. (George Purnell), 1817-1899. person
associatedWith Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. person
associatedWith Great Britain. 1850 Apr. 19. corporateBody
associatedWith Great Britain. Treaties, etc. United States, 1850 April 19. corporateBody
correspondedWith Harrington, Samuel M. (Samuel Maxwell), 1803-1865 person
associatedWith Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841 person
correspondedWith Johnson, Reverdy, 1796-1876 person
correspondedWith Lawrence, Abbott, 1792-1855 person
associatedWith Letcher, Robert Perkins, 1788-1861. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
correspondedWith Machen, Lewis H. (Lewis Henry), 1790-1863. person
correspondedWith Mangum, Willie Person, 1792-1861 person
correspondedWith McLean, John, 1785-1861. person
correspondedWith McMichael, Morton, 1807-1879 person
correspondedWith Reid, Samuel Chester, 1783-1861. person
correspondedWith Reid, Samuel C. (Samuel Chester), 1818-1897 person
correspondedWith Rives, William C. (William Cabell), 1793-1868 person
associatedWith Royal Geographical Society. corporateBody
correspondedWith Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872 person
associatedWith Smith, Franklin E., d. 1878. person
correspondedWith Sparks, William Alexander, 1817-1849. person
associatedWith Spruance, William C. (William Corbit), 1873-1935, person
correspondedWith Squier, E. G. (Ephraim George), 1821-1888 person
correspondedWith Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850 person
associatedWith Thayer, George W. person
associatedWith Thayer, George W. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. President (1849-1850 : Taylor) corporateBody
associatedWith Wawa, Inc. corporateBody
correspondedWith Webb, J. Watson (James Watson), 1802-1884 person
correspondedWith Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852 person
associatedWith Whig Party (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Whittlesey, Elisha, 1783-1863 person
associatedWith Wickham family family
associatedWith Wickham family. family
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
correspondedWith Winthrop, Robert C. (Robert Charles), 1809-1894 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New Jersey
Great Britain
Kentucky
Pea Patch Island (Del.)
United States
Delaware
United States
Great Britain
Mexico
Delaware
Pea Patch Island (Del.)
United States
United States
United States
New Jersey
Subject
Explorers
Medals
Statesmen--Autographs
Discoveries in geography--American
Treaties
Occupation
Cabinet officers
Lawyers
Statesmen
Farmers
Governors
Politicians
Function

Person

Birth 1796-07-24

Death 1856-11-09

Information

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