Cullinan, J. S. (Joseph Stephen), 1860-1937

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Few of the major figures in the history of Houston have had as widespread an influence as Joseph Stephen Cullinan. At times, the word paradoxical comes to mind when the scope of his diverse interests is examined. A leading early exponent for the Texas oil industry, Cullinan was yet an ardent conservationist, who argued for governmental controls over the petroleum business out of concern for preserving natural resources. Although he maintained a fairly consistent record of lifetime support for the Democratic Party, Cullinan advocated the Progressive candidacy of Robert LaFollette in 1924 and in the later years of his life supported the reactionary Liberty League after he became disenchanted with the policies of the New Deal. Despite his flirtations with nativist movements, he strongly opposed the Ku Klux Klan as a result of his own Irish Catholic background, even though he disavowed any affiliation with organized religion. Arriving in Corsicana, Texas from his native Pennsylvania, where he was born on December 31, 1860, Cullinan immediately became involved in the exploration and drilling of the Corsicana oil fields, borrowing on his own experiences as an oil field worker for Standard Oil. After the discoveries at Spindletop in 1901 shifted the geographical emphasis of the Texas oil industry to the Beaumont area, Cullinan moved his own center of operations there, where he became president of the newly-formed Texas Company in 1902. Recognizing the potential of Houston as an oil center, Cullinan moved the headquarters of the Texas Company there in 1908.

From the description of Joseph S. Cullinan papers, 1895-1939. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 707734289

Joseph S. Cullinan was one of the major figures in the history of Houston and the early oil industry. He was born in Pennsylvania in 1860 and after his arrival in Corsicana, Texas, as a young man, he became involved in the exploration and production of the Corsicana oil fields. After 1902, Cullinan moved his prosperous oil firm to Houston where he soon became president of the newly formed Texas Oil Company. By the 1920's, Cullinan had organized the American Republics Corporation, which became one of the major petroleum-producing companies of the Southwest. He also contributed to the development of Houston through his many civic activities until his death in 1937. His son, Craig F. Cullinan, became president of American Republics Corporation in 1936 and he remained in that position untili his death in 1950.

From the guide to the Joseph Stephen Cullinan Family Collection MSS 1297., 1880's-1950, (Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library)

Few of the major figures in the history of Houston have had as widespread an influence as Joseph Stephen Cullinan. At times, the word paradoxical comes to mind when the scope of his diverse interests is examined. A leading early exponent for the Texas oil industry, Cullinan was yet an ardent conservationist, who argued for governmental controls over the petroleum business out of concern for preserving natural resources. Although he maintained a fairly consistent record of lifetime support for the Democratic Party, Cullinan advocated the Progressive candidacy of Robert LaFollette in 1924 and in the later years of his life supported the reactionary Liberty League after he became disenchanted with the policies of the New Deal. Despite his flirtations with nativist movements, he strongly opposed the Ku Klux Klan as a result of his own Irish Catholic background, even though he disavowed any affiliation with organized religion.

Arriving in Corsicana, Texas from his native Pennsylvania, where he was born on December 31, 1860, Cullinan immediately became involved in the exploration and drilling of the Corsicana oil fields, borrowing on his own experiences as an oil field worker for Standard Oil. After the discoveries at Spindletop in 1901 shifted the geographical emphasis of the Texas oil industry to the Beaumont area, Cullinan moved his own center of operations there, where he became president of the newly-formed Texas Company in 1902. Recognizing the potential of Houston as an oil center, Cullinan moved the headquarters of the Texas Company there in 1908.

From the guide to the Joseph Stephen Cullinan Collection MSS 69., ca. 1895-1939, (Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library)

Few of the major figures in the history of Houston have had as widespread an influence as Joseph Stephen Cullinan. At times, the word paradoxical comes to mind when the scope of his diverse interests is examined. A leading early exponent for the Texas oil industry, Cullinan was yet an ardent conservationist, who argued for governmental controls over the petroleum business out of concern for preserving natural resources. Although he maintained a fairly consistent record of lifetime support for the Democratic Party, Cullinan advocated the Progressive candidacy of Robert LaFollette in 1924 and in the later years of his life supported the reactionary Liberty League after he became disenchanted with the policies of the New Deal. Despite his flirtations with nativist movements, he strongly opposed the Ku Klux Klan as a result of his own Irish Catholic background, even though he disavowed any affiliation with organized religion.

Arriving in Corsicana, Texas from his native Pennsylvania, where he was born on December 31, 1860, Cullinan immediately became involved in the exploration and drilling of the Corsicana oil fields, borrowing on his own experiences as an oil field worker for Standard Oil. After the discoveries at Spindletop in 1901 shifted the geographical emphasis of the Texas oil industry to the Beaumont area, Cullinan moved his own center of operations there, where he became president of the newly-formed Texas Company in 1902. Recognizing the potential of Houston as an oil center, Cullinan moved the headquarters of the Texas Company there in 1908.

From the guide to the Joseph Stephen Cullinan Collection, 1895-1939 2006-009., 1895-1939, (Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn J. M. Heiser Jr. Environmental Collection MSS 0246., 1860-1987 Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library,
referencedIn Cullinan, Nina J. Nina J. Cullinan papers, 1953-1981. Hirsch Library Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
creatorOf Cullinan, J. S. (Joseph Stephen), 1860-1937. Joseph S. Cullinan papers, 1895-1939. University of Houston, M.D. Anderson Library
referencedIn Biography -- Cullinan, Joseph S. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
creatorOf Cullinan, J. S. (Joseph Stephen), 1860-1937,. J.S. Cullinan family collection, 1834-1860. San Jacinto Museum of History
creatorOf Joseph Stephen Cullinan Collection, 1895-1939 2006-009., 1895-1939 Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
referencedIn Walter Benona Sharp Papers, 1865-1957 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Sharp, Walter B. (Walter Benona), 1870-1912. Sharp, Walter Benona, papers, 1865-1957. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Joseph Stephen Cullinan Collection MSS 69., ca. 1895-1939 Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library,
creatorOf Joseph Stephen Cullinan Collection MSS 69., ca. 1895-1939 Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library,
creatorOf Heiser, Joseph Mathew, Jr. J.M. Heiser Jr. Environmental Collection 1860-1987. Houston Area Library Auto Network
creatorOf Joseph Stephen Cullinan Family Collection MSS 1297., 1880's-1950 Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library,
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Republics Corporation corporateBody
associatedWith American Taxpayer's League corporateBody
associatedWith Autry, James L. person
associatedWith Autry, James L. person
associatedWith Autry, James L. person
associatedWith Autry Memorial Hospital School corporateBody
associatedWith Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941 person
associatedWith Campbell, W. T. person
associatedWith Chesney, John. person
associatedWith Cortez, Pedro, person
associatedWith Crockett, Davy, 1786-1836 person
associatedWith Cullinan, Craig F. person
associatedWith Cullinan, J. S. (Joseph Stephen), 1860-1937 person
associatedWith Cullinan, Nina J. person
associatedWith Currie, V. R. person
associatedWith Dallas Petroleum Company corporateBody
associatedWith Delgado, Juan. person
associatedWith Eagle, Joe H., 1870-1963 person
associatedWith Emma R. Newsboys Association corporateBody
associatedWith Eureka Paving Company corporateBody
associatedWith Farmers Petroleum Company corporateBody
associatedWith Fidelity Trust Company of Houston corporateBody
associatedWith Freeman, Fred W. person
associatedWith Gates, John W. person
associatedWith Heiser, J. M. person
associatedWith Heiser, Joseph Mathew, Jr. person
associatedWith Houston Art League corporateBody
associatedWith Houston Negro Hospital corporateBody
associatedWith Houston, Sam, 1793-1863. person
associatedWith Ku Klux Klan corporateBody
associatedWith Magnolia Petroleum Company corporateBody
associatedWith Maya Corporation corporateBody
associatedWith McCarthy, Charles person
associatedWith McKie, William J. person
associatedWith Museum of Fine Arts, Houston corporateBody
associatedWith Northside Belt Railway corporateBody
associatedWith Osgood, Samuel Stillman, 1808-1885. person
associatedWith Patman, Wright person
associatedWith Petroleum Iron Works Company of Texas corporateBody
associatedWith Producers Oil Company corporateBody
associatedWith San Jacinto Centennial Association corporateBody
associatedWith San Leon Company corporateBody
associatedWith Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794?-1876, person
associatedWith Schlaet, Arnold person
associatedWith Sharp, Walter B. person
associatedWith Texas Company corporateBody
associatedWith Texas Economic League corporateBody
associatedWith United States Food Administration corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Recovery Administration corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Shadyside (Houston, Tex.)
Mount Rushmore National Memorial (S.D.)
Texas
Shadyside (Houston, Tex.)
Shadyside (Houston, Tex.)
Texas--Houston
Subject
Business
Petroleum industry and trade--Texas
Texas Centennial (1936 : Dallas, Tex.)
Shipping--Texas--Houston
Political participation
Hospitals--Texas--Houston
Texas Centennial (1936: San Jacinto Battleground, Tex.)
Hospitals--history
African Americans--Medical care--Texas--Houston
Real estate investment--Texas--Houston
Petroleum industry and trade
African Americans--Segregation
Texas Industrial Congress
Anti-communist movements--Texas--Houston
Women--Suffrage--Texas
Prohibition--Texas
Occupation
Collector
Function

Person

Birth 1860

Death 1937

Spanish; Castilian,

English

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