Benedictines

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Benedictines carry on a tradition that stems from the origin of the Christian monastic movement in the third century. St. Benedict (ca. 480-ca. 550) was born at Nursia and educated at Rome. About the year 500, the condition of contemporary society led him to withdraw to a cave at nearby Subiaco where a community gradually grew up around him. In 525 he moved with a small band of monks to Monte Cassino where he remained until his death. It was here (ca. 540) that he drew up his plan for the reform of monasticism and composed a rule for his monks, mostly laymen. This rule, which reflected contemporary practice, was for almost two centuries merely one of several from which abbots could choose. Meanwhile, the rule found its way to monasteries in England, Gaul, and elsewhere, becoming the rule of choice for monasteries of Europe from the ninth century onward.

The fifteenth century saw the beginning of a new form of Benedictine life, that is, the congregation, which gave rise to more regular life in their monasteries. All the houses of Italy and Sicily eventually joined the congregation, which with the accession of Monte Cassino in 1504 called itself the Cassinese Congregation. The reform movement that followed spread to the formation of many other confederations.

The bond joining Benedictine monks has been in the main a spiritual rather than an organizational one. The Order of St. Benedict signifies not a centralized institute but a confederation of congregations of monks and nuns following the rule of Benedict. Each monastery is autonomous with no juridical ties to the rest of the confederation.

From the description of Benedettini, 1708-1800. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 145567930

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Berlière, Ursmer, 1861-1932. Benedictine asceticism : from its origin to the end of the 12th century: historical essay / by Dom Ursmer Berlière O.S.B.; [translated by an anonymous author at Benet Lake Abbey, Benet Lake Wisconsin]. Conception Abbey & Seminary Library
referencedIn Cano, Alfonso (O.S.B.). Discurso general de este antiquísimo Castillo y Monasterio de Sanct Feliu de Guíxols de la Orden de Ntro. Glorioso P. S. Benito : a donde se trata de la fundación, y se continúa la sucesión de los muy Reverendos señores Abades de esta Sancta Casa, con una breve relación de los más singulares bienhechores que ella ha tenido compuesto por Fr. Alonso Cano, monje profeso de esta Sta. Casa de S. Feliu de Guíxols. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
referencedIn Papeles varios [Manuscrito]. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
referencedIn Catholic Church. Breviary : manuscript, [ca. 1381]. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, A-D. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Sisters of the Order of Saint Benedict (Saint Joseph, Minn.). Records, 1857-[ongoing]. Sisters of the Order of Saint Benedict
referencedIn American Benedictine Academy. Records, 1948-[ongoing]. Sisters of the Order of Saint Benedict
referencedIn Antiphonal, ca. 1575. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Medieval miscellaneous documents 1200-1490 Museum of New Mexico Library
referencedIn Kalumburu Benedictine Mission. Records. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Saint Etienne de Fontenay (Benedictine abbey : France). Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Fontenay, circa 1190-1276. Library of Congress
referencedIn Martín, Bernardo. Papeles referentes a la Orden de San Benito [Manuscrito]. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
creatorOf Catholic Church. [Antiphonary of the Abbey of Silos] [microform] University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Records of religious congregations in the Archdiocese of San Antonio, 1851-1968. Catholic Archives at San Antonio
referencedIn Retraite sur les beatitudes et les dons du Saint Esprit, 1917 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Religious orders printed material, 1935-[ongoing]. University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
referencedIn Benedict, Saint, Abbot of Monte Cassino. Regula monasteriorum : manuscript, [ca. 1575]. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Monasterio de San Martín (Madrid). Libro de Actas de los PP. del Consejo de este Monasterio de San Martín de Madrid, que antes estaba dividido en dos [Manuscrito] : comprende los años desde 1659 a 1782. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
referencedIn Colección de privilegios y constituciones de las Órdenes de San Basilio y Benedictina [Manuscrito]. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
referencedIn Montecassino (Monastery). [Monastic formulary]. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Garrido, Venancio, 1810-1870. Letter, 1867 Nov. 21 [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Duncan, Otis Durant, b. 1897. Papers, 1937-1970. Oklahoma State University Library, Edmon Low Library
referencedIn St. Gregory's Priory, Three Rivers, Michigan, Collection, 1962. Western Michigan University, Dwight B. Waldo Library
referencedIn Dictionary of proper names in the Martyrologium O.S.B. Clemens & Alcuin Libraries @ College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University, Clemens & Alcuin Libraries
referencedIn Schmitt, Edmond J.P. (Edmond John Peter), 1865-1901. Papers, 1777-1901 (bulk 1890-1901). University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
creatorOf Carpegna family. Fondo Carpegna, 1523-1706. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Catholic Church. Records of the Catholic Church missions, 1889-1980 (inclusive). Yale University, Divinity School Library
referencedIn Religion -- Benedictines. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn American Indian Culture Resource Center. Records, 1890-1996. Augustana University, Mikkelsen Library
creatorOf Benedictines. Cassinensi, 1628-1792 University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Spiritual essays and mediations, [18--]. Flugschriften des Fruhen 16 Jahrhunderts
referencedIn Fonteinne, Leandre. Letter. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. Spoglio del Giovanni Battista Franzelin. [18--]-[18--]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Vivanco, Abad de. Consultas y pareceres de la Junta del Real Patronato [Manuscrito]. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
referencedIn Ferrara (Jesuit priest). A retreat given at the Bendictine [sic] Convent Hammersmith for the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, 1852. Flugschriften des Fruhen 16 Jahrhunderts
referencedIn Catholic Church. Congregatio super Statu Regularium. Relationes, ca. 1640-1650. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. Antiphonal : Manuscript, Perugia, [1450-1475]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Federation of Saint Benedict. Records, 1947-[ongoing]. Sisters of the Order of Saint Benedict
referencedIn Froehle, Bryan. Catholic young adults and vocations : monks and sisters of St. Benedict, May 1999 / Bryan T. Froehle, Mary E. Bendyna, Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA). Catholic Theological Union, Bechtold Library
referencedIn Torres, Fulgentius, 1861-1914. Diaries, 1906-1908 [microform]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Winance, Eleutherius, 1909-. Eleutherius Winance interviews : oral history transcript / Eleutherius Winance; tape-recorded interview conducted by Cyrus H. Peake, Georgenia F. Irwin and Arthur Rosenbaum. Oral History Program, Claremont Graduate School, Claremont, California : Claremont, Calif., 1969. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Hill Monastic Manuscript Library. Hill Monastic manuscript [microform]. Florida State University
creatorOf Benedictinos. Diurnale secundum consuetudinem observantie monacorum congregationis sancti Benedicti de Valleoleti [Manuscrito]. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
referencedIn Saint Benedict's Convent (Portugal). Inquisition against the Abbess of the Convent of St Benedict [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Benedictine Federation of the Americas. Ritual of monastic profession for the Benedictine Federation of the Americas. Conception Abbey & Seminary Library
referencedIn Santa Cecilia in Trastevere (Church : Rome, Italy). Reports and accounts, 1604-1618. J. Paul Getty Center, Arts Archives
referencedIn Montecassino (Monastery). Monastic formulary : manuscript, [17--?]. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Monasterium Sanctae Crucis. Inventarium omnium et singulorum bonorum iurisdictionum, et reddituum spettantium ad venerabilem monasterium Sante Crucis terre Saponarie ordinis santi Benedetti : manuscript, 1654. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Catholic Church. [Collectarium], [1450?]. Newberry Library
referencedIn Catholic Church. Congregatio Negotiis et Consultationibus Episcoporum et Regularium Praeposita. Sezione regolari : Carte del XIX secolo, ca. 1800-1899. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn American Benedictine Academy. Convention (1980). Papers delivered at 1980 Convention of the American Benedictine Academy. Conception Abbey & Seminary Library
creatorOf Benedictines. Benedettini, 1708-1800. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Sarmiento, Martín 1695-1771. Papeles varios [Manuscrito]. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
referencedIn Bertram Brother. Diary, 1880-1892 [microform]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Monasterio de San Martín (Madrid). Libro de misas del Monasterio de San Martín, de Madrid [Manuscrito]. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
referencedIn Martirologio y regla de San Benito, para uso del monasterio cisterciense de Santa María de Herrera (Calahorra) [Manuscrito]. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
referencedIn Bérengier, Théophile, 1827-1897. Historical sketch of Western monachism / by Theophilus Berengier ; trans. by Basil Stegmann. Clemens & Alcuin Libraries @ College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University, Clemens & Alcuin Libraries
referencedIn Starr, Ellen Gates. Papers 1659-1975 bulk 1850-1970. Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Catholic Church. [Breviary of the Abbey of Silos] [microform]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Benedictine Community of New Norcia. Records, 1814-1978 [microform]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Baker, Augustine, 1575-1641. [Instructions for the monastic life], [ca. 1660-1670]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Canto y Sandoval, Manuel del (O.S.B.). Ordo perpetuus recitandi ac Missas celebrandi pro omnibus vtriusque sexus sub Regula & in Congregatione S.S. P.N. Benedicti in Hispaniarum Regnis militantibus [Texto impreso] : iuxta ritum Breviarii ac Missalis Monastici Pauli V... auctoritate recognitum: cum festis sanctorum... [Emma]nuel del Canto & Sandoval... Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
referencedIn Archivio di stato di Torino. Chronicon Novaliciense [microform]. Indiana University
creatorOf Rauscher, Romanus. Octo libri physicorum : manuscript, 1638 / ab admodum reverendo religioso et doctissimo P[atre] F. Romano Rauscher Ordinis S[ancti] Benedicti. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Downside Abbey (Bath, England). Selected papers relating to Australia [microform]. Libraries Australia
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Benedictine Academy. corporateBody
associatedWith American Benedictine Academy. Convention (1980) corporateBody
associatedWith American Indian Culture Resource Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Baker, Augustine, 1575-1641. person
associatedWith Benedictine Community of New Norcia. corporateBody
associatedWith Benedictine Federation of the Americas. corporateBody
foundedBy Benedict, Saint, Abbot of Monte Cassino. person
associatedWith Bérengier, Théophile, 1827-1897. person
associatedWith Berlière, Ursmer, 1861-1932. person
associatedWith Bertram Brother. person
associatedWith Cano, Alfonso (O.S.B.) person
associatedWith Canto y Sandoval, Manuel del (O.S.B.) person
associatedWith Carpegna family. family
associatedWith Catholic Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. Congregatio Negotiis et Consultationibus Episcoporum et Regularium Praeposita. corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. Congregatio super Statu Regularium. corporateBody
associatedWith Catholic Church. Secretariatus Status. corporateBody
associatedWith Cluniacs. corporateBody
associatedWith Cluny (Benedictine abbey) corporateBody
associatedWith Downside Abbey (Bath, England) corporateBody
associatedWith Duncan, Otis Durant, b. 1897. person
associatedWith Federation of Saint Benedict. corporateBody
associatedWith Ferrara (Jesuit priest) person
correspondedWith Fonteinne, Leandre. person
associatedWith Froehle, Bryan. person
correspondedWith Garrido, Venancio, 1810-1870. person
associatedWith Gâtard, Augustin person
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Kalumburu Benedictine Mission. corporateBody
associatedWith Monasterio de San Martín (Madrid) corporateBody
associatedWith Monasterio de San Martín (Madrid) corporateBody
associatedWith Monasterium Sanctae Crucis. person
associatedWith Montecassino (Monastery) corporateBody
associatedWith Montecassino (Monastery) corporateBody
associatedWith Rauscher, Romanus. person
associatedWith Saint Benedict's Convent (Portugal) corporateBody
associatedWith Saint Etienne de Fontenay (Benedictine abbey : France) corporateBody
associatedWith Santa Cecilia in Trastevere (Church : Rome, Italy) corporateBody
associatedWith Schmitt, Edmond J.P. (Edmond John Peter), 1865-1901. person
associatedWith Sisters of the Order of Saint Benedict (Saint Joseph, Minn.) corporateBody
associatedWith Starr, Ellen Gates. person
associatedWith Torres, Fulgentius, 1861-1914. person
associatedWith Winance, Eleutherius, 1909- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Venice (Italy)
Ferrara (Italy)
Subiaco (Italy)
Cluny (France)
Subject
Monasticism and religious orders
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

0529

International

Latin,

Multiple languages,

French,

Italian

Information

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