Holmes, T. H. (Theophilus Hunter), 1804-1880

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Theophilus Hunter Holmes was born November 13, 1804 to a prominent North Carolina family. In 1829 he graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point. Prior to the Civil War, Holmes served in various campaigns against Native Americans and also saw action in the Mexican War, where he was brevetted for gallantry at the battle of Monterrey. When the Civil War erupted in 1861, Holmes was living in New York City and engaged as the superintendent of the recruiting station for the U.S. Army. He promptly resigned his commission and returned to his native North Carolina. On June 5, 1861, Holmes was appointed brigadier general in the Confederate States army. Shortly thereafter, Holmes was sent to Virginia and commanded a brigade at First Manassas. Following his promotion to major general in October 1861 Holmes served as commander of the Department of North Carolina. He later led a division during the Seven Days' battles. In July 1862 he was ordered to Little Rock to take command of the Trans-Mississippi Department. Following several reversals within the department, he was demoted to commander of the District of Arkansas. In January 1864 Holmes resigned from this position and returned to North Carolina where he was placed in command of reserve troops. Once the war was over, he retired to a farm in Fayetteville, North Carolina. He died June 21, 1880.

From the description of Theophilus Holmes papers, 1862-1864. (Central Arkansas Library System). WorldCat record id: 56574487

Theophilus Hunter Holmes of Sampson County, N.C., was the son of Gabriel H. Holmes, a congressman and governor of North Carolina (1821-1824). He served in the United States Army in the Seminole War, the Mexican War, and in the West before taking command of army recruiting in 1859. He resigned his commission during the siege of Fort Sumter and later achieved the rank of lieutenant general in the Confederate Army while serving in Virginia, Arkansas, and North Carolina. He died Cumberland County, N.C.

From the description of T. H. Holmes correspondence, 1861-1865. (Oceanside Free Library). WorldCat record id: 39559219

Confederate Army officer, from Sampson County, N.C.

From the description of Papers, 1861-1867. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19642981

Theophilus Hunter Holmes was born in Sampson County, N.C., on 11 November 1804. He was the son of Gabriel H. Holmes, a congressman and governor of North Carolina (1821-1824), and Mary Hunter. Holmes graduated from West Point Academy in 1829 and served in the Seminole War, the Mexican War, and in the West before taking command of army recruiting in 1859. During the siege of Fort Sumter, he resigned his commission and returned to North Carolina. Holmes achieved the rank of lieutenant general in the Confederate Army while serving in Virginia, Arkansas, and North Carolina. Holmes died 21 June 1880 in Cumberland County, N.C.

From the guide to the T. H. Holmes Correspondence, 1861-1865, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Holmes, T. H. (Theophilus Hunter), 1804-1880. Theophilus Holmes papers, 1862-1864. Central Arkansas Library System, Main Library
referencedIn Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes, C.S.A. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Alexander, Peter Wellington, 1825-1886. Peter Wellington Alexander papers, 1835-1910. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Bishop, Albert Webb, 1832 -1901,. Civil War papers of the governor of Arkansas, 1860-1865. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Alexander, Peter Wellington, 1825-1886. Col. Peter Wellington Alexander, C.S.A., collection 1862-1864. University of Arkansas - Fayetteville, University Libraries
referencedIn Holmes family. Holmes family genealogy, 1926-1940 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Branch, Lawrence O'Bryan, 1820-1862. Papers of Lawrence O'Bryan Branch [manuscript], 1840-1913. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hinsdale family. Hinsdale family papers, 1712-1973. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Holmes, T. H. (Theophilus Hunter), 1804-1880. T. H. Holmes correspondence, 1861-1865. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Cartes-de-visite of Confederate generals and other Civil War figures [manuscript], 1860-1865. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Holmes, T. H. (Theophilus Hunter), 1804-1880. Papers, 1861-1867. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf T. H. Holmes Correspondence, 1861-1865 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Alexander, Peter Wellington, 1825-1886. person
associatedWith Bishop, Albert Webb, 1832 -1901, person
associatedWith Branch, Lawrence O'Bryan, 1820-1862. person
correspondedWith Confederate States of America. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army. Trans-Mississippi Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Hinsdale family. family
associatedWith Hinsdale, John Wetmore, 1843-1921. person
associatedWith Holmes family. family
associatedWith Holmes family. family
associatedWith Johnston, Joseph E. (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891. person
associatedWith Martin, J. G. person
associatedWith Shepherd, John. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
North Carolina
North Carolina
Arkansas
Charleston (S.C.)
Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.)
Little Rock (Ark.)
Southwest, Old
Europe
Plymouth (N.C.)
United States
Subject
Helena, Battle of, Helena, Ark., 1863
Sherman's March through the Carolinas
Families--Social life and customs
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1804-11-13

Death 1880-06-21

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