Hamilton, William, Sir, 1730-1803

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Sir William Hamilton was a British diplomat, ambassador to Naples (1764-1800), and an archaeologist. His wife, Emma, was the mistress of Admiral Horatio Nelson. Hamilton acquired a collection of antiquities from Pompeii, which he sold to the British Museum in 1772, thereby stimulating wide interest in the art and culture of classical civilizations. He published several works based on archaeological pursuits, including Antiquités étrusques, greques et romains (1766-67) and Mount Vesuvius (1772).

From the description of Letters, memoranda, and drawings concerning Pompei and recent eruptions of Mt. Vesuvius and Etna, 1760-1799. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 79482664

Epithet: diplomatist and archaeologist

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000750.0x0000d6

Sir William Hamilton was a British diplomat, ambassador to Naples (1764-1800), and an archaeologist. His wife, Emma, was the mistress of Admiral Horatio Nelson . Hamilton acquired a collection of antiquities from Pompeii, which he sold to the British Museum in 1772, thereby stimulating wide interest in the art and culture of classical civilizations. He published several works based on archaeological pursuits, including Antiquités étrusques, greques et romains (1766-67) and Mount Vesuvius (1772).

From the guide to the Letters, memoranda, and drawings concerning Pompei and recent eruptions of Mt. Vesuvius and Etna, 1760-1799., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

English diplomat and archaeologist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Naples, to Mr. Leigh, 1769 Oct. 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270879315

English ambassador to Naples.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Naples, to M. Piranese, 1767 Oct. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270502423

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf DROPMORE PAPERS. Vol. CLXXVII (ff. 226). 1. ff. 1-59v. William Frederick Wyndham; 1793-1806. 2. ff. 60-109v. Hugh Elliot; 1791-1801. 3. ff. 110-181v. William Elliot; 1791-1799. 4. ff. 182-226v. Sir William Hamilton; 1793-1802.includes:ff. 1-59v Wil..., 1791-1806 British Library
creatorOf Hamilton, William, Sir, 1730-1803. Letters, memoranda, and drawings concerning Pompei and recent eruptions of Mt. Vesuvius and Etna, 1760-1799. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820,. "A collection of Plans of all the Fortified Places in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, exactly drawn from the originals in the possession of His Sicilian Majesty, upon a smaller scale ..." [presented and inscribed to King George III., by Sir William Hamilton, envoy at Naples, 24 Sept. 1766]. The British Library, Group Batchload
creatorOf Kinnoull, Thomas Hay, Earl of, 1710-1787. Autograph letter signed : Brodsworth, near Doncaster, Yorks., to an unidentified correspondent [probably Sir William Hamilton], 1769 Nov. 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Hamilton, Emma, Lady, 1761?-1815. Statement of claim : manuscript, 1813 Feb. 7. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Nelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount, 1758-1805. Horatio Nelson correspondence with Lady Emma Hamilton and others, 1760-1869. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Letters, memoranda, and drawings concerning Pompei and recent eruptions of Mt. Vesuvius and Etna, 1760-1799. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. Letter : [London], to Sir William Hamilton, 1792 Sept. 30. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
referencedIn John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute manuscript material : 1 item, 1770 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
creatorOf Mackenzie, James Stewart, d. 1799. Autograph letter signed : Hill Street, to Sir William Hamilton at Naples, 1779 June 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Sir George Osborn manuscript material : 4 items, 1768-1778 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
creatorOf LETTERS, ETC., TO SIR WILLIAM HAMILTON, K.B., mostly as Envoy at Naples; 1766-1800, n.d. Partly French, Italian and Spanish. Presented by Mrs Evelyn M. Nightingale. Paper; ff. 98. Folio. 1766-1800., 1766-1800 British Library
creatorOf Bovey-Oddy, 1806-1818 British Library
creatorOf Worsley, Thomas, 1710-1778. Autograph letter signed : to Sir William Hamilton at Naples, 1768 Dec. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Boydell, John, 1719-1804,. Autograph letters signed from John Boydell to various people [manuscript], 1793-1804. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Beckford, William, 1760-1844. William Beckford collection, 1735-1967. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. Letter signed : London, to Sir William Hamilton, 1782 May 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. Letter : Arlington Street [London, Eng.], to Sir William Hamilton, 1776 Feb. 18. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf X. George Cumberland, the elder: Letter to [Sir William Hamilton], the diplomat and archaeologist; Rome, 4 Dec. 1787. Cumberland seeks 'your opinion of my scheme for unfolding the Manuscripts' and proposes to raise the level of English artistic tast... British Library
creatorOf Sutherland, George Granville Leveson-Gower, Duke of, 1758-1833. Autograph letter signed : Paris, to Sir William Hamilton, 1790 Jun. 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bowdler, Thomas, 1754-1825,. Autograph letter signed from Thomas Bowdler, London, to Le Chevalier Hamilton, envoy extraordinary at Naples [manuscript], 1781 June 1. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Hamilton, William, Sir, 1730-1803. Autograph letter signed : Naples, to Mr. Leigh, 1769 Oct. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Notebooks of Sir William Hamilton, 1747-93 Bodleian Library, University of Oxford
creatorOf Lynch, William, Sir, d. 1785. Autograph letter signed : Turin, to [Sir William Hamilton?], 1771 Mar. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Johnston, Clement Dixon, 1895-1979,. Papers collected by Clement Dixon Johnston [manuscript], 1683-1943. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, 1773-1843. Autograph letters signed (26) : Rome, etc., to Sir William Hamilton, British envoy to the Court of Naples, 1792 May 3-1798 Apr. and [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Hamilton, William, Sir, 1730-1803. Autograph letter signed : Naples, to M. Piranese, 1767 Oct. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Johnsonian Miscellanies, extra-illustrated, 1538-1900 (inclusive);, 1738-1866 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Bute, John Stuart, Earl of, 1713-1792. John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute manuscript material : 1 item, 1770 New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Say, William, 1768-1834,. [The Dilettanti Society] [graphic] / Sir Joshua Reynolds pinxt. ; Say sculp. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Boswell's Life of Johnson : including Boswell's Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into North Wales, edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1464-1897 (inclusive), 1724-1874 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf CHARNWOOD AUTOGRAPHS. Vol. I. English historical autographs, etc., circa 16th-20th cent. Included are Henry VII, Charles I, Oliver Cromwell, William III, Anne, and George II; Sir Philip Sidney, Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, Thomas, 3rd Bar..., approximately 16th century-20th century British Library
referencedIn Knight, Ellis Cornelia, 1757-1837. Sketchbook of a cruise on the Foudroyant, 1800-1806. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hamilton, William, Sir, 1730-1803. Autograph letter signed : Naples, to Caddell, London, 1775 Mar. 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Christie, James, 1773-1831,. Autograph letter signed from James Christie, London, to William Buchanan, Esqr., London [manuscript], 1824 April 10. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Lyttelton, Charles, 1714-1768. Autograph letter signed : [London], to Sir William Hamilton, 1767 May 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf MISCELLANEOUS LETTERS AND PAPERS. Paper; ff. 72. British Library arrangement. A. Letter of Richard Westmacott, sculptor, (b.1799, d.1872) to William Wyon, chief engraver at the Royal Mint; 1 Aug. 1838. With three ink sketches presumably by Wyon deriv..., 1630-1977 British Library
referencedIn William Beckford collection, 1735-1967 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Hamilton, Emma, Lady, 1761?-1815. ALS : Merton, to an unidentified correspondent, 1806 Dec. 21. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Hamilton, William, Sir, 1730-1803. Autograph letter signed : to Thomas Tyrwhitt Esq., secretary to H.R.H. George IV, 1802 June 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf MISCELLANEOUS LETTERS AND PAPERS. Paper; ff. 338. British Library arrangement. A. Eleven letters from William Ewart Gladstone to Joseph Williams Blakesley, Fellow of Trinity College Cambridge, and (1872) Dean of Lincoln, mainly concerning political a..., 1655-1983 British Library
creatorOf Flaxman, John, 1755-1826. [Letter] 1793 Jul. 30, Rome [to] Sir William / John Flaxman. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Sontag, Susan, 1933-2004. The volcano lover : a romance / by Susan Sontag. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Ramage, Nancy H., 1942-. The initial letters in Sir William Hamilton's 'Collection of antiquities'/ Nancy H. Ramage 1987. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Amestolt person
correspondedWith Antonio, da Petrizzi. person
associatedWith Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, 1773-1843. person
associatedWith Beckford, William, 1709-1770 person
associatedWith Beckford, William, 1760-1844. person
associatedWith Boswell, James, 1740-1795 person
correspondedWith Bowdler, Thomas, 1754-1825, person
correspondedWith Boydell, John, 1719-1804, person
associatedWith Bute, John Stuart, Earl of, 1713-1792. person
associatedWith Caddell, person
associatedWith Captain Trowbridge. person
associatedWith Christie, James, 1773-1831, person
associatedWith Cipriani, Giovanni Battista, 1727-1785, person
associatedWith Earlom, Richard person
correspondedWith Emma Hamilton person
associatedWith Flaxman, John, 1755-1826. person
associatedWith Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806. person
associatedWith Galliani. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Emma, Lady, 1761?-1815. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Lady person
correspondedWith Hill, George Birkbeck Norman, 1835-1903 person
associatedWith H.M.S. Foudroyant corporateBody
associatedWith John & Josiah Boydell corporateBody
associatedWith Johnston, Clement Dixon, 1895-1979, person
associatedWith Kinnoull, Thomas Hay, Earl of, 1710-1787. person
associatedWith Knight, Ellis Cornelia, 1757-1837. person
associatedWith Lady Hamilton person
associatedWith Leigh, Mr., person
associatedWith Lord Nelson person
associatedWith Lord William Bentinck. person
associatedWith Lynch, William, Sir, d. 1785. person
associatedWith Lyttelton, Charles, 1714-1768. person
associatedWith Mackenzie, James Stewart, d. 1799. person
associatedWith Mann, Horace, 1844-1868. person
associatedWith McLauchlan, Archibald, person
correspondedWith McLauchlan, Archibald. person
associatedWith Mr. Conway. person
correspondedWith Mr. Lovel person
associatedWith Nelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount, 1758-1805. person
associatedWith Osborn, George, Sir, 1742-1818 person
associatedWith Petrizzi, Antonio da. person
associatedWith Piranese, M., person
associatedWith Ramage, Nancy H., 1942- person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Ruzzi. person
associatedWith Say, William, 1768-1834, person
associatedWith S. Germano corporateBody
associatedWith Sir Horace Mann person
correspondedWith Sir William Hamilton person
associatedWith Sontag, Susan, 1933-2004. person
associatedWith Sutherland, George Granville Leveson-Gower, Duke of, 1758-1833. person
associatedWith Tyrwhitt, Thomas, person
associatedWith Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. person
associatedWith Worsley, Thomas, 1710-1778. person
correspondedWith Zarzona, Fabio. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Berlin, Germany
Woodstock, Oxfordshire
Manchester, Lancashire
Italy--Pompeii (Extinct city)
Italy
Vesuvius (Italy)
Etna, Mount (Italy)
London, England
Subject
Volcanoes
Temples
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1730-12-13

Death 1803-04-06

Britons

English

Information

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