Quay, Matthew Stanley, 1833-1904

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U.S. senator from Pennsylvania.

From the description of Papers of Matthew Stanley Quay, 1776-1949 (bulk 1890-1904). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 74665072

American soldier and politician.

From the description of Petition signed : [Pittsburgh?], addressed to President Grant, 1869 Mar. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270615946

Republican Senator Matthew Stanley Quay was born on September 30, 1833 in Dillsburg, York County, Pennsylvania, the son of Anderson B. Quay, a Presbyterian preacher. M. S. Quay was educated at Beaver and Indiana academies and graduated from Jefferson College in 1850. He subsequently studied law in Pittsburgh with the Penny and Sterrett law firm; James P. Sterrett later became the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. In 1855, 1856 and 1859, Quay was the prothonotary of Beaver County. He resigned in 1861 to serve in the Civil War and rose to the rank of Colonel, receiving a Congressional Medal of Honor. In 1864, Quay became a member of the Pennsylvania General Assembly and served as Secretary and Chairman of the Republican State Committee; he later went on to become Chairman of the National Republican Committee. M. S. Quay was elected as Pennsylvania State Treasurer in 1885 and U.S. Senator (Republican) in 1887. In 1893, Senator Quay insisted on blocking passage of the Wilson bill until it was amended to protect (Pennsylvania) manufacturing interests. He served as Senator until his death in 1904. M. S. Quay coined the phrase, "It is all over but the shouting."

From the description of Papers of Matthew Stanley Quay, 1836-1927. (University of Pittsburgh). WorldCat record id: 30418712

Biographical Note

  • 1833, Sept. 30: Born, Dillsburg, Pa.
  • 1850: Graduated Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Pa.
  • 1854: Admitted to bar and began law practice, Beaver County, Pa.
  • 1855, Oct. 10: Married Agnes Barclay
  • 1856 - 1859 : Prothonotary of Beaver County
  • 1861 - 1865 : Washington, D. C. Washington, D. C. District of Columbia Military state agent, Washington, D. C. Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Private secretary to Gov. Andrew G. Curtin of Pennsylvania Lieutenant, Tenth Pennsylvania Reserves Colonel, 134th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers Lieutenant colonel and assistant commissary general, Militia of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Major and chief, Department of Transportation and Telegraph, staff of Governor Curtin Military secretary to Governor Curtin
  • 1865 - 1867 : Member, Pennsylvania House of Representatives
  • 1867 - 1872 : Owned and edited the Beaver Radical
  • 1872 - 1882 : Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
  • 1878 - 1879 : Philadelphia, Pa. Philadelphia Recorder of the city of Philadelphia, Pa. Chairman of the Republican state committee
  • 1885: Selected as member of Republican National Committee
  • 1885 - 1887 : Pennsylvania state treasurer
  • 1887: Elected, United States Senate
  • 1888: Fredericksburg, Va. Fredericksburg Awarded Congressional Medal of Honor for bravery at Fredericksburg, Va., during the Civil War Chairman, Republican National Committee, during presidential campaign of Benjamin Harrison
  • 1893: Reelected, United States Senate
  • 1895: Named chairman, Pennsylvania Republican central committee
  • 1896: Candidate for president Member, executive committee, Republican National Committee
  • 1898, Nov.: Indicted for conspiracy to misuse state funds
  • 1899, Jan.: Failed to be reelected to United States Senate because of deadlock in Pennsylvania legislature
  • 1899, Apr. 21: Acquitted of misuse of state funds; appointed United States Senator, ad interim
  • 1900, Apr. 24: Denied seat in United States Senate by resolution of that body
  • 1901: Reelected, United States Senate
  • 1904, May 28: Died, Beaver, Pa.

From the guide to the Matthew Stanley Quay Papers, 1776-1949, (bulk 1890-1904), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Knox, Philander C. (Philander Chase), 1853-1921. Papers of Philander C. Knox, 1893-1922 (bulk 1901-1921). Library of Congress
referencedIn Johnston, Josiah Stoddard, 1784-1833. Papers, 1821-1839. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Swank, James Moore, 1836-1914. Papers, 1785-1898 (inclusive), 1785, 1871-1898 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Quay, Matthew Stanley, 1833-1904. Letter, 1886, October 27, Harrisburg, Pa., to Hon. Hiram Young, York, Pa. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Quay, Matthew Stanley, 1833-1904. Papers of Matthew Stanley Quay, 1836-1927. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Tilton, Eleanor M. (Eleanor Marguerite), 1913-. Papers, 1770-1991. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Matthew Stanley Quay Papers, 1776-1949, (bulk 1890-1904) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn William Woodville Rockhill papers, 1826-1941. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, Q, 1728-1990. Houghton Library.
referencedIn MacVeagh family. MacVeagh family papers, 1831-1950, bulk 1851-1917. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Quay, Matthew Stanley, 1833-1904. Papers of Matthew Stanley Quay, 1776-1949 (bulk 1890-1904). Library of Congress
referencedIn Abram P. T. Elder Papers, 1890-1916, (bulk 1903-1916) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn White, Elihu A. Elihu A. White papers, 1830-1931. East Carolina University, Joyner Library
referencedIn Benjamin Harrison Papers, 1780-1948, (bulk 1853-1901) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Wharton, Joseph, 1826-1909. Correspondence with Henry Charles Lea, 1881-1904. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Eleanor M. Tilton Papers, 1770-1991 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn John Sherman Papers, 1836-1900, (bulk 1857-1894) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Quay, Matthew Stanley, 1833-1904. Petition signed : [Pittsburgh?], addressed to President Grant, 1869 Mar. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Elder, Abram P. T. (Abram Peter Turner). Abram P.T. Elder papers, 1890-1916 (bulk 1903-1916). Library of Congress
creatorOf Quay, Matthew Stanley, 1833-1904. Correspondence with Henry Charles Lea, 1889. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Harrison, Benjamin, 1833-1901. Benjamin Harrison papers, 1780-1948 (bulk 1853-1901). Library of Congress
creatorOf Rosengarten, J. G. (Joseph George), 1835-1921. The German allied troops in the North American war of independence, and related materials, ca. 1767-1893. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Letters received by the Norton family, 1830-1920. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Hoyt, Henry M. (Henry Martyn), 1830-1892. Letter : Harrisburg, Pa., to unknown person, n.p., 1879 Feb. 19. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Stuart, Edwin Sydney, 1853-1920. Papers, 1886-1905. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Carson, Hampton L. (Hampton Lawrence), 1852-1929. Hampton L. Carson papers, 1715-1941; bulk 1870-1930. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Kindred, Charles F., b. 1847. Papers, 1811-1914 (bulk 1890-1914). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Oliver Lyman Spaulding papers, 1861-1921 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Hay, John, 1838-1905. Correspondence, 1854-1914, "Platt" to "Ray". Brown University, John Hay Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Beaver, James A. (James Addams), 1837-1914. person
associatedWith Cameron, J. D. (James Donald), 1833-1918. person
associatedWith Carson, Hampton L. (Hampton Lawrence), 1852-1929. person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas V. (Thomas Valentine), 1835-1909. person
associatedWith Curtin, Andrew Gregg, 1815-1894. person
associatedWith Elder, Abram P. T. (Abram Peter Turner) person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885, person
associatedWith Hanna, Marcus Alonzo, 1837-1904. person
correspondedWith Harrison, Benjamin, 1833-1901. person
associatedWith Hastings, Daniel, 1849-1903. person
associatedWith Hay, John, 1838-1905. person
associatedWith Hoyt, Henry M. (Henry Martyn), 1830-1892. person
associatedWith Johnston, Josiah Stoddard, 1784-1833. person
associatedWith Kindred, Charles F., b. 1847. person
associatedWith Knox, Philander C. (Philander Chase), 1853-1921. person
associatedWith MacVeagh family. family
associatedWith McKinley, William, 1843-1901. person
correspondedWith Norton family, recipient. family
associatedWith Oliver, John William, 1886- person
associatedWith Pennypacker, Samuel W. (Samuel Whitaker), 1843-1916. person
associatedWith Penrose, Boies, 1860-1921. person
associatedWith Quay family. family
associatedWith Quay family. family
associatedWith Quay family. family
associatedWith Republican Party (Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
correspondedWith Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Rosengarten, J. G. (Joseph George), 1835-1921. person
correspondedWith Sherman, John, 1796-1841 person
associatedWith Spaulding, Mr. (Oliver Lyman), 1833-1922 person
associatedWith Stuart, Edwin Sydney, 1853-1920. person
associatedWith Swank, James Moore, 1836-1914. person
associatedWith Tilton, Eleanor M. (Eleanor Marguerite), 1913- person
associatedWith United States. Army. Ohio Infantry Regiment, 7th (1861-1864) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922. person
associatedWith Wharton, Joseph, 1826-1909. person
correspondedWith White, Elihu A. person
associatedWith Young, Hiram, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
United States
United States
Virginia
Pennsylvania
Virginia
United States
Subject
Presidents--United States--Election--1896
Presidents--Election--1896
Fredericksburg, Battle of, Fredericksburg, Va., 1862
Legislators
Occupation
Senators, U.S. Congress--Pennsylvania
Function

Person

Birth 1833-09-30

Death 1904-05-28

Information

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