De Haven, Edwin Jesse, 1816-1865

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Naval officer.

From the description of Papers of Edwin Jesse De Haven, 1843-1854. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78240385

Edwin Jesse De Haven was born in 7 May 1816 in Philadelphia. He joined the United States Navy as a midshipman at the age of thirteen. After serving in various vessels in the West Indies and Brazil, he was posted to the Pacific in the sloop Falmouth in June 1837. Falmouth was in Callao at the same time that Charles Wilkes, Senior commander of the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842, was there replenishing his crew. De Haven joined the expedition as Acting Master on board the sloop of war Vincennes, which sailed west along the coast of what is today called Wilkes Land, discovering and charting a series of landfalls and appearances of land between longitudes 160°East and 98°East. De Haven transferred to the sloop-of-war, Peacock in August 1840 where he served for the next eleven months as lieutenant. However, in rough weather in July 1841, Peacock ran aground and sank. On 2 September 1841, while serving on the brig Oregon (a replacement ship of the expedition), he received a lieutenant's commission. The expedition reached New York in June 1842.

After the expedition, De Haven saw action in the Mexican War in 1848, commanding the flagship Mississippi in the Gulf Squadron. In 1846, he was appointed to the United States Naval Observatory and Hydrographical Office, serving under Matthew Fontaine Maury, and whilst there he was chosen to lead the first Grinnell expedition, 1850-1851, to the Canadian Arctic in search of the lost British explorer, Sir John Franklin. This United States Franklin Search Expedition covered the Canadian Arctic archipelago combining with the British Naval Franklin Search Expedition, 1850-1851 (leader Horatio Thomas Austin) and the British Franklin Search Expedition, 1850-1851 (leader William Penny). De Haven's polar career ended after this expedition and he retired from the Navy at the age of forty-six due to failing health. He died three years later on 1 May 1865 in Philadelphia.

From the guide to the Edwin De Haven collection, 1841-1850, (Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Edwin De Haven collection, 1841-1850 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf De Haven, Edwin Jesse, 1816-1865. Papers of Edwin Jesse De Haven, 1843-1854. Library of Congress
referencedIn O R P Rogers collection, 1850 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Edwin De Haven collection, 1841-1850 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Matthew Maury collection, 1850 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Sir Horatio Austin collection, 1850-1851 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 Scott Polar Research Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Advance (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Carter, Robert R. person
associatedWith Edwin Jesse De Haven person
associatedWith Franklin Jane 1792-1875 person
associatedWith Franklin, John, Sir, 1786-1847. person
associatedWith Graham, William A. (William Alexander), 1804-1875. person
associatedWith Kennedy, John Pendleton, 1795-1870. person
associatedWith Matthew Fontaine Maury person
associatedWith Oregon (Brig) corporateBody
associatedWith O R P Rogers person
associatedWith Peacock (Sloop of war) corporateBody
associatedWith Rescue (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Sir Horatio Thomas Austin person
associatedWith Snow, William Parker, 1817-1895. person
associatedWith Truxton (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith United States Exploring Expedition Antarctic regions 1838-1842 corporateBody
associatedWith United States Franklin Search Expedition Canadian Arctic 1850-1851 corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Arctic regions Discovery and exploration
Arctic regions
Antarctica Discovery and exploration
Grinnell Land
Ship's papers--19th century
Naval officers


Birth 1816-05-07

Death 1865-05-01



Ark ID: w6f26bwm

SNAC ID: 30240246