García Icazbalceta, Joaquín, 1825-1894

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Joaquín García Icazbalceta was a Mexican historian and bibliographer.

From the description of Joaquín García Icazbalceta papers, 1883-1894. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122517509

On May 25, 1577, King Philip II of Spain ordered by royal cédula the preparation of a general description of Spain's holdings in the Indies. Instructions and a questionnaire, issued in 1577 by the Office of the Cronista Mayor-Cosmógrafo, were distributed to local officials in the Viceroyalties of New Spain and Peru to direct the gathering of information. The questionnaire, comprised of fifty items, was designed to elicit basic information about the nature of the land and the life of its peoples. The replies, known as " relaciones geográficas," were written between 1579 and 1585 and were returned to the Cronista Mayor-Cosmógrafo in Spain by the Council of the Indies.

From the guide to the Collection of Relaciones Geográficas of Mexico and Guatemala 34022876., 1577-1585, (Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin)

Joaquín García Icazbalceta was a Mexican historian and bibliographer.

From the guide to the Joaquín García Icazbalceta papers, 1883-1894, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Historian, writer, publisher, and bibliographer. Born 1825 and died 1894 in Mexico City. García collected, edited, and published Spanish colonial manuscripts, wrote biographies and histories, compiled a major bibliography on sixteenth-century Mexican publications, and translated historical works written by his contemporaries. In 1873 he published the periodical, "La Voz de Morelos." In 1875 García was founding member and secretary of the Mexican Academy of Languages; in 1883 he was made director of the same academy.

From the description of Joaquín García Icazbalceta manuscript collection, [1500]-1887 (bulk 1524-1797). (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 33991957

Historian, writer, publisher, and bibliographer. Born 1825 and died 1894 in Mexico City. García collected, edited, and published Spanish colonial manuscripts, wrote biographies and histories, compiled a major bibliography on sixteenth-century Mexican publications, and translated historical works written by his contemporaries. In 1875 García was a founding member and secretary of the Mexican Academy of Languages; in 1883 he was made director of the same academy.

  • 21 Aug 1825: born in Mexico City, son of Eusebio García Monasterio, a Spanish merchant, and doña Ana de Icazbalceta y Musitu, Mexican owner of haciendas originally part of Cortés' estates in Valley of Oaxaca
  • 1829: goes to Spain with family because of Mexico's political turmoil
  • 1833: Mexico's Congress nullifies its decree expelling Spaniards
  • 1835: writes, at age 10, a historical diary of his family's life in Spain, Un mes y medio en Chiclana, published privately in 1987
  • 1836: Spain recognizes Mexico's independence; García Icazbalceta returns with his family to Mexico
  • 1836 - 1840 : with sisters, writes and occasionally prints a small periodical of news and literary items, El Ruiseñor
  • 1846: decides to concentrate on history of Mexico; begins his library
  • 25 March 1846: U.S. declares war on Mexico García Icazbalceta enlists in the Victoria Regiment
  • 8 Sept 1847: takes part in battle of Molino del Rey
  • 1847: begins translation of Prescott's History of the Conquest of Perú and of Sancho's Italian version of the same topic
  • 2 Feb 1848: Treaty of Guadalupe signed; Icazbalceta resumes fulltime studies
  • 1849: publishes Prescott as Historia de la conquista del Perú, Sanchos as Relación de la conquista del Perú
  • 1850: 2nd ed of Prescott; Icazbalceta adds as translator's Appendix, 148 pp. on Perú. Icazbalceta becomes a member of the Sociedad de Geografía y Estadística de México.
  • 1852: publishes El alma en el templo, popular devotional work, whose sales were used to raise money for the poor; begins a number of biographical sketches for the Diccionario Universal de Historia y Geografia (Mexico, 10 v., 1852-56).
  • 1854: publishes Historiadores de Mexico, same Diccionario, v. 4; marries Filomena Pimentel, granddaughter of Count of Heras and sister of Mexican writer Francisco Pimentel
  • 12 May 1855: publishes Tipografia mexicana, Diccionario, v. 5
  • 1855: publishes Carta de Hernán Cortés al Emperador Carlos V
  • 1856: completes biographical entries for Diccionario
  • 1858: publishes v. 1, Colección de documentos para la historia de México
  • 16 June 1862: wife dies in childbirth
  • 1862: loses most of his fortune as a result of the French invasion
  • 1863: for friend, José María Andrade, writes official Informe sobre los Establecimientos de Beneficiencia y Corrección de esta Capital, on conditions among the poor; published posthumously, 1907
  • 1865: 2nd ed., Carta de Hernán Cortés...
  • 1866: publishes v. 2, Colección de Documentos; publishes Apuntes para un catálogo de escritores en lenguas indígenas de América
  • 1867: gives up his personal printing press
  • 1870: publishes Mendieta's Historia eclesiástica indiana
  • 16 Dec 1871: named correspondent of the Real Academia Española
  • 9 Feb 1872: named honorary member of the Real Academia de la Historia de Madrid
  • 1873: publishes periodical La Voz de Morelos in defense of that state
  • 13 April 1875: becomes founding member and Secretary of the Academia Mexicana de la Lengua
  • 1875: publishes, in Spanish, Mexico en 1554: Tres diálogos latinos que Francisco Cervantes Salazar escribió e imprimió...; abstains from public controversy over Spain's contributions to Mexico
  • 1877: publishes 2nd edition of Fernán González de Eslava's Coloquios espirituales y sacramentales y poesías sagradas, orig. pub. 1610; publishes 2nd ed of Mendieta's Historia eclesiástica indiana
  • 1878: publishes “Las bibliotecas de Eguiara y Beristain,” in Memorias de la Academia Mexicana, v. 1
  • 1880: publishes Saavedra Guzmán's El peregrino indiano
  • 1881: publishes biography, Don Fray Juan de Zumárraga, Primer Obispo y Arzobispo de México
  • 1883: is made Director of the Academia Mexicana until his death; is directed by Labastida, Archbishop of Mexico, to comment as a historian on the apparition of Our Lady of Guadalupe writes Carta acerca del orígen de la Imagen de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, published posthumously in 1896
  • 1885: seized by severe depression at age 60
  • 1886: publishes Bibliografía mexicana del siglo XVI; publishes Cartas de religiosos de Nueva España 1539-1594, as the first of 5 volumes of Nueva colección de documentos para la historia de México
  • 1887: 3rd ed., Coloquios... de González de Eslava
  • 26 Dec 1888: sends letter to Bishop of Yucatán expressing dismay at the furor over his study of the Guadalupe apparition and protesting his own Catholic orthodoxy
  • 1888: sends Ms of Motilinia's Memoriales to Paso y Troncoso for his pre-publication comments and suggestions; publishes 2nd ed. of Arte de la lengua maya by Fray Gabriel de San Buenaventura, originally published in 1684; becomes a member of the Academia Mexicana de Historia, affiliated with Spain's Real Academia; is named President of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul of Mexico
  • 1889: publishes Opúsculos inéditos, latinos y castellanos by Father Francisco Javier Alegre; publishes Códice Franciscano del siglo XVI as v. 2 of Nueva colección...
  • 25 Jan 1890: Ms of Motilinia returned by Paso y Troncoso, pleading lack of time for its examination; pub. posthumously, 1903
  • 1891: v. 3 of Nueva colección published
  • 1892: publishes Códice Mendieta: documentos franciscanos siglos XVI y XVII, as vols. 4 and 5 of Nueva colección...; anonymous undated publication of his letter on the Guadalupe apparitions, translated into Latin, appears; unauthorized Latin version is translated immediately into Spanish and published with refutation by Vera. Icazbalceta is named head of Mexican committee for Spain's 400-year Columbus celebration, receives the Gran Cruz de la Orden de Isabel la Católica
  • 1893: Vera's Spanish version of García Icazbalceta's letter on the apparitions is republished, with annotations, together with a second edition of the Latin version in Jalpa, still unauthorized
  • 1894: García Icazbalceta publishes Carta original del Barón de Humboldt; begins work on Vocabulario de mexicanismos, left unfinished past the letter G; published posthumously in 1899
  • 26 Nov 1894: dies of a stroke or cerebral hemorrhage, leaving unpublished minor works on Mexican economic and social history, later printed 1896-99 by V. Agüeros in Biblioteca de Autores Mexicanos

From the guide to the Joaquín García Icazbalceta Manuscript Collection 33991957., 1500-1887, 1524-1797, (Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf García Icazbalceta, Joaquín, 1825-1894,. Joaquín García Icazbalceta manuscript collection, [1500]-1887 (bulk 1524-1797). University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Romero, Bernardo, fl. 1597-1598. Brevis posteriorum analiticor[um] Aristotelis resolutio [1598]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Romero, Bernardo, fl. 1597-1598. Tractatus de natura anime per aliquas disputat[ion]es et questiones distributus 1598 March 10. Newberry Library
creatorOf Joaquín García Icazbalceta papers, 1883-1894 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Pérez, Padre Lorenzo. Documents relating to the early history of New Mexico and California : ms., [ca. 1581-1769]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Placido Pastor Accounts Book 32846001., 1887-1898 Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin
creatorOf García Icazbalceta, Joaquín, 1825-1894. Relaciones a Felipe II [manuscrito] / [copiadas por Joaquín García Icazbalceta]. ITESM, Biblioteca Campus Monterrey, ITEMS, Biblioteca Campus Mty
creatorOf Muñoz Camargo, Diego, ca. 1529-1599. Fragmentos de la Historia de Tlaxcala de Diego Muñoz Camargo. Newberry Library
referencedIn Leal, Luis, 1907-2010. Luis Leal papers, 1946-1985. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Thomas Allibone and Catherine Ann Drinker Janvier papers, 1856-1908 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Soriano, Juan Guadalupe. Arte del Idioma Pame and Prologo Historial, [1567? Jul. 15] UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Cervantes de Salazar, Francisco, ca. 1514-ca. 1575. Mexico in 1554 : three Latin dialogues, which Francisco Cervantes Salazar wrote and printed in Mexico in the same year. Re-printed, with Spanish translation and notes, by Joaquin Garcia Icazbalceta ... Mexico. Antigua Librería de Andrade y Morales. Portal de Agustinos núm. 3. 1875 : typescript, 1922 Aug. 15. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf García Icazbalceta, Joaquín, 1825-1894. Letters : Mexico City, to James C. Pilling, Washington, D.C., 1888 May 18-1888 Aug. 31. Newberry Library
creatorOf Collection of Relaciones Geográficas of Mexico and Guatemala 34022876., 1577-1585 Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin
creatorOf Joaquín García Icazbalceta Manuscript Collection 33991957., 1500-1887, 1524-1797 Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin
creatorOf García Icazbalceta, Joaquín, 1825-1894. Colección de documentos para la historia de México [recurso electrónico] / Joaquín García Icazbalceta. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
creatorOf Romero, Bernardo, fl. 1597-1598. In Arist[otel]is libros de ortu et interitu per literatiss[im]um p[atr]em F. Jhoânem Capata magne religionis Augustiniane eremitam et liberalium artis meritiss[im]um M.S.P.N. Doct. Aug[ustinia]ni collegio interpretem 1597 Nov. 3. Newberry Library
creatorOf García Icazbalceta, Joaquín, 1825-1894. Joaquín García Icazbalceta papers, 1883-1894. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Pinart, A. L. 1852-1911. Aztec pictographs : Valle de Toluca, Mexico : ms., [undated] UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Janvier, Thomas A. (Thomas Allibone), 1849-1913. Thomas Allibone and Catherine Ann Drinker Janvier papers, 1856-1908. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf García Icazbalceta, Joaquín, 1825-1894,. Relaciones geográficas of Mexico and Guatemala, 1577-1585. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Pastor, Placido. Placido Pastor accounts book, 1887-1898. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Bancroft, Hubert Howe, 1832-1918. Notes on Mexico in 1883 : ADS. UC Berkeley Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Aguero, Francisco de. person
associatedWith Alfonso de Estrada, Hernando person
associatedWith Avila, Pedro de person
associatedWith Aznar de Cozar, Andrés person
associatedWith Bancroft, Hubert Howe, 1832-1918. person
associatedWith Cangas, Suero de person
associatedWith Carrion, Juan de, fl. 1581 person
associatedWith Castañeda Leon, Juan de person
associatedWith Catholic Church corporateBody
associatedWith Cervantes de Salazar, Francisco, ca. 1514-ca. 1575. person
associatedWith Cervantes, Hernando de person
associatedWith Chavez, Gabriel de person
associatedWith Eames, Wilberforce, 1855-1937. person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Estrada, Juan de person
associatedWith Franco, Pedro person
associatedWith Galdos, Alonso de person
associatedWith Gallegos, Gonzalo person
associatedWith Gallegos, Hernando person
associatedWith Gutiérrez de Liébana, Juan person
associatedWith Hernandez Diosdado, Alonso person
associatedWith Janvier, Thomas A. (Thomas Allibone), 1849-1913. person
associatedWith Leal, Luis, 1907-2010. person
associatedWith Leyva, Antonio de person
associatedWith Lopez de Zárate, Juan person
associatedWith Macarro, Sebastian person
associatedWith Martinez, Francisco person
associatedWith Martinez, Juan person
associatedWith Mendez, Andrés person
associatedWith Montes de Oca, Pedro de person
associatedWith Muñoz Camargo, Diego, ca. 1529-1599. person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Obregon, Luís person
associatedWith Palafox y Mendoza, Juan de, 1600-1659 person
associatedWith Pastor, Placido person
associatedWith Pastor, Placido. person
associatedWith Patiño Avila, Alvaro person
associatedWith Perez de Arteaga, Diego person
associatedWith Pilling, James Constantine, 1846-1895. person
associatedWith Pomar, Juan Bautista, fl. 1582 person
associatedWith Rojas, Gabriel de person
associatedWith Romero, Bernardo, fl. 1597-1598. person
associatedWith Salas, Christoval de person
associatedWith Salazar, Agustín de person
associatedWith San Buenaventura, Gabriel de, fl. 1684. person
associatedWith Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. corporateBody
associatedWith Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Solís, Gaspar de person
associatedWith Soriano, Juan Guadalupe. person
associatedWith Spain. Sovereigns, etc., 1556-1598 (Philip II) corporateBody
associatedWith Suarez, Melchor person
associatedWith Torres, Juan de person
associatedWith Vargas, Antonio de person
associatedWith Vascones, Hernando de person
associatedWith Velasquez de Lara, Gonzalo person
associatedWith Villegas, Francisco de person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Amula (Mexico)
Cempoala (Mexico)
Xocoticpaque (Mexico)
Latin America
Zacatepec (Mexico)
Peñoles (Mexico)
Antequera (Mexico)
New Spain
Tehuantepec (Mexico)
Latin America
Ixtapalapa (Mexico)
Tanatepec (Mexico)
Epazoyuca (Mexico)
Veracruz (Veracruz-Llave, Mexico)
Iguala (Mexico)
Guatemala
Suchitepequex (Guatemala)
Tenamaztlán (Mexico)
Mexico
Spain
Tequisquiac (Mexico)
Tiripitío (Mexico)
Atitlán(Guatemala)
Cusalapa (Mexico)
Tecuicuilco (Mexico)
Cuilapa (Guatemala)
Spain
Texcoco (Mexico)
Mexico
Mexico--Mexico City
Cholula de Rivadabia (Mexico)
Puetla (Mexico)
New Spain
Meztitlán (Mexico)
Ameca (Mexico)
Pátzcuaro (Mexico)
Tetiquipa (Mexico)
Teozacoalco (Mexico)
Coatzocoalco (Espíritu Santo)
Tuscacuesco (Mexico)
Ayusuchiquilazala (Mexico)
Xilocingo (Mexico)
Querétaro (Mexico)
Cuautla (Mexico)
Atlatlauca (Mexico)
Tequaltiche (Mexico)
Citlaltepec (Mexico)
Gueytlalpa (Mexico)
Zacatula (Mexico)
New Spain
Iztepec (Guatemala)
Justlavaca (Mexico)
Tepetongo (Mexico)
Atengo (Mexico)
Mexico, Valley of (Mexico)
Oaxtepec (Mexico)
Spain
Cuzcatlán (Mexico)
Mizantla (Mexico)
Tancítaro (Mexico)
Tetlistaca (Mexico)
Zapotitlan (Guatemala)
Mistepeque (Mexico)
Tistla-Zumpango (Mexico)
Zoquiapa (Mexico)
Mexico
Xicayan (Mexico)
Atepeque (Mexico)
Guaxtepec (Mexico)
Xaltianguis (Mexico)
Culhuacán (Mexico)
Ixcatlán (Mexico)
Acapistla (Mexico)
Quatlatlauca (Mexico)
Tutupetongo (Mexico)
Subject
Ciegos--Libros y lectura
Art--16th century--New Spain
Manuscripts--English
Indians of Mexico--History--Sources
Indians--History
Indians of Mexico--Languages
Missions--history
Manuscripts, Mexican
Indians of Mexico--Social life and customs
Drainage--History
Missions--New Spain--History
Drainage--Mexico--Mexico, Valley of--History--Sources
Indians of Mexico--Art
Indians--History--Sources
Occupation
Collector
Historians
Function

Person

Birth 1825-08-21

Death 1894-11-26

Mexicans

Spanish; Castilian

Information

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SNAC ID: 45600274