Rehnquist, William H., 1924-2005

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Associate justice, 1972-1986, and chief justice, 1986-2005, United States Supreme Court.

From the description of William H. Rehnquist papers, 1947-2005. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754864782

Biography

Born on 1 October 1924 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, William Hubbs Rehnquist served in the Army Air Corps in North Africa during World War II. Once the war ended he attended Stanford University where he received a B.A. in political science. He then earned master's degrees from both Stanford and Harvard, before completing Stanford Law School in 1952. After completing law school, Rehnquist served as a clerk to Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson.

Rehnquist married Natalie Cornell, whom he had met at Stanford during his law school years, on 29 August 1953. They had three children. Rehnquist practiced law in Phoenix, Arizona, from 1953 to 1969, becoming active in Republican politics. Joining President Richard Nixon's administration in 1969 as head of the office of legal counsel in the Justice Department, in October 1971, President Nixon nominated Rehnquist to be an associate justice on the Supreme Court.

Rehnquist served as an associate justice until 1986, when President Ronald Reagan nominated him to replace retiring Chief Justice Warren Earl Burger. Rehnquist was the sixteenth Chief Justice, serving more than 30 years on the Supreme Court. He has the distinction of serving as the second Chief Justice in U.S. history to preside over an impeachment trial of a president, in 1999. A notable decision in Rehnquist's tenure as chief justice was Bush v. Gore (2000), which effectively decided the 2000 presidential election for George W. Bush by stopping the recount of contested ballots in Florida.

As Chief Justice, Rehnquist stated that his goal was to be remembered as a good administrator. Known for his strong leadership, conservative interpretation of the Constitution, and decisions enhancing the power of the states in the federal system, Rehnquist retained his conservative perspective throughout his tenure on the Court. Ill with thyroid cancer, Rehnquist served as Chief Justice as long as his health permitted. He died on September 3, 2005, in Arlington, Virginia, and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Resources: "William Rehnquist" in American Decades 1990-1999. Tandy McConnell, ed. Gale Group, 2001 in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2008. Accessed 3 November 2008. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC "William Rehnquist" The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives. Ed. Arnold Markoe, Karen Markoe, and Kenneth T. Jackson. Vol. 7: 2003-2005. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2007 in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2008. Accessed 3 November 2008. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC

From the guide to the William H. Rehnquist Papers, 1968-2005, (Hoover Institution Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Rehnquist, William H., 1924-2005. William H. Rehnquist papers, 1947-2005. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Kilpatrick, James Jackson, 1920-2010. Papers of James J. Kilpatrick, 1976-1990, bulk 1985-1990. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1816 - 2011. Nomination of John G. Roberts, Jr., to be Chief Justice of the United States
referencedIn General Records of the Department of Justice. 1790 - 2002. Photographs of Agency Personnel
referencedIn Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Oval Office tape number 636
creatorOf Rehnquist, William H., 1924-2005. William H. Rehnquist Address, 1994 Wake Forest University - ZSR Library, Z. Smith Reynolds Library
referencedIn National Organization for Women. [Videotape collection: reels 1-283] [videorecording]. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Judge Woodrow Seals Papers MSS 0414., 1941-1990, 1961-1990 Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library,
creatorOf Byrd, Harry Flood, 1914-. Harry Flood Byrd, Jr. papers, [1920?], 1960, 1966, 1982-2005. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Powell, Lewis F., 1907-1998. U.S. Supreme Court case files 1972-1987 [part 2]. The Library at Washington and Lee University School of Law, Law Library
referencedIn Burch, Dean, 1927-. Dean Burch papers, 1964-1973 [manuscript]. Arizona State University Libraries
referencedIn NOW Legal Defense & Education Fund. Records, 1970-1998 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn United States. Supreme Court. Collection, 1976. Library of Congress
referencedIn "Seizing Power: The Steel Seizure Case Revisited" [videorecording], 2003 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Powell, Lewis F., 1907-1998. Lewis F. Powell, Jr. papers, 1921-1998. [part 4]. The Library at Washington and Lee University School of Law, Law Library
referencedIn Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994. Letter to Harold J. Gallagher. Washington, DC. 1971 Nov. 11. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Videotape collection, 1977-1988 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Oval Office tape number 598
referencedIn Powell, Lewis F., 1907-1998. U.S. Supreme Court case files 1972-1987 [part 1]. The Library at Washington and Lee University School of Law, Law Library
referencedIn Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. White House telephone tape number 16
creatorOf Rehnquist, William H., 1924-2005. The legal profession today / [by] The Honorable William H. Rehnquist. Indiana University, Jerome Hall Law Library
referencedIn Judge Woodrow Seals Papers MSS 0414., 1941-1990, 1961-1990 Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library,
creatorOf University of Virginia. University News Office. Recordings of University events [manuscript], 1975-1985. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Powell, Lewis F., 1907-1998. Lewis F. Powell, Jr. papers, 1921-1998. [part 7]. The Library at Washington and Lee University School of Law, Law Library
referencedIn Subject Files on the Supreme Court of the United States, 1/20/1981 - 1/20/1989 Ronald Reagan Presidential Library
referencedIn Wilfred Feinberg Papers, 1936-2011, [Bulk Dates: 1960-2011]. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Papers, 1918-1993 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Frank, John P. (John Paul), 1917-2002. John Paul Frank papers, 1936-2000 (bulk 1946-1971). Library of Congress
creatorOf William H. Rehnquist Papers, 1968-2005 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn John Paul Frank Papers, 1936-2000, (bulk 1946-1971) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1918-1993 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Burch, Dean, 1927- person
associatedWith Byrd, Harry Flood, 1914- person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Feinberg, Wilfred, 1920- person
correspondedWith Frank, John P. (John Paul), 1917-2002. person
associatedWith Indiana University, Bloomington. School of Law. corporateBody
associatedWith Kilpatrick, James Jackson, 1920-2010. person
associatedWith National Organization for Women person
associatedWith National Organization for Women. corporateBody
associatedWith Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994 person
associatedWith NOW Legal Defense & Education Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
associatedWith Powell, Lewis F., 1907-1998. person
associatedWith Seals, Woodrow Bradley person
associatedWith Seals, Woodrow Bradley person
associatedWith Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Supreme Court. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia. University News Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Wake Forest University corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
North Carolina--Winston-Salem
United States
Subject
United States. Supreme Court
Speeches, addresses, etc
Practice of law
Law
Law--United States
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1924-10-01

Death 2005-09-03

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 29117121