Kalakaua, David, King of Hawaii, 1836-1891

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Kalākaua (b. Nov. 16, 1836, Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawai'i–d. Jan. 20, 1891, San Francisco, CA) was the last king and penultimate monarch of the Kingdom of Hawai'i. Born to Caesar Kaluaiku Kapaʻakea and Analea Keohokālole from the reigning House of Kamehameha. Kalākaua married Kapiʻolani, December 8, 1863 and had no children.

Kalākaua studied law under Charles Coffin Harris in 1853 and received his military training under the Prussian officer, Major Francis Funk. In the army, Kalākaua served as first lieutenant and was eventually promoted to colonel in 1858. In 1856, Kalākaua was appointed a member of the Privy Council of State by Kamehameha IV. In government, Kalākaua was appointed to the House of Nobles (1858-1873), served in the the Department of the Interior (1859-1863), was Postmaster General (1863-1865), and appointed the King's Chamberlain (1865-1869).

Kalākaua was elected King in 1874. During his reign, he helped negotiate the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875 between the US and Hawaii. Kalākaua's reign is generally regarded as the first Hawaiian Renaissance, for both his influence on Hawaii's music, and for other contributions he made to reinvigorate Hawaiian culture. After his death his sister Liliuokalani ascended the throne as the last ruler of the Kingdom of Hawai'i.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Kalakaua, King of Hawaii, 1836-1891. Invitation, 12 February 1883. Natural History Museum Los Angeles County Foundation, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
referencedIn Armstrong, William Nevins, 1835-1905. William Nevins Armstrong papers, 1869-1929 (inclusive); 1869-1906 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Upton, Cornelia A. Letters 5-8 from Travel letters to the Albany argus, 1883. University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hamilton Library
referencedIn Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (inclusive) 1820-1888 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Kalakau, David, King of Hawaii, 1836-1891. Reception notice and letter : San Francisco, Calif. and Honolulu, 1874 and 1886. The California Digital Library
creatorOf Hanford, A. Chester, Mrs.,. Materials concerning Hawaii, 1882-1889. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Kalakaua, David, King of Hawaii, 1836-1891. [Letter] 1879 July 5, Honolulu [to] S.G. Wilder, Minister of the Interior, [Honolulu] / Kalakaua. University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hamilton Library
referencedIn Materials concerning Hawaii, 1882-1889. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Kalakaua, David, King of Hawaii, 1836-1891. Card, [1875]. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
referencedIn Dole family. Dole family papers, 1831-1944 (bulk 1864-1898). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Van Dyke, Henry, 1852-1933,. Stevenson photographs. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Monterey Public Library. California History Room. Distinguished visitors clippings 1903-2007. Monterey Public Library
referencedIn Dillingham, Walter Francis, 1875-1963. Papers of Walter Francis Dillingham, 1871-1938. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Walter Murray Gibson diaries, 1886-1887 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Gibson, Walter Murray. Walter Murray Gibson diaries, 1886-1887. American Primers
referencedIn Stevenson, Robert Louis, 1850-1894. Letter of Robert Louis Stevenson, 1891 March. Library of Congress
creatorOf Kekuanaoa, Mataio, 1791-1868. Letters and calling cards signed by members of Hawaii's last ruling family, 1840 Oct. 1-1887 Aug. 2. Newberry Library
referencedIn Marumoto, Masaji. Vignette of early Hawaii-Japan relations : highlights of King Kalakaua's sojourn in Japan on his trip around the world as recorded in his personal diary / by Masaji Marumoto. University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hamilton Library
referencedIn Allen, Elisha Hunt, 1804-1883. Elisha Hunt Allen papers, 1849-1934 (bulk 1867-1882). Library of Congress
referencedIn Elisha Hunt Allen Papers, 1849-1934, (bulk 1867-1882) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Gibson, Walter Murray. Diaries, 1886-1887. American Primers
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, Elisha Hunt, 1804-1883. person
associatedWith Armstrong, William Nevins, 1835-1905. person
associatedWith Dillingham, Walter Francis, 1875-1963. person
associatedWith Dole family. family
associatedWith Eisner, Milton Daniel, 1886-1959. person
associatedWith Gibson, Walter Murray. person
associatedWith Hanford, A. Chester, Mrs., person
associatedWith Hanford, A. Chester, Mrs., collector. person
associatedWith Harris, Charles Coffin, 1822-1881 person
associatedWith Kalakaua, House of. family
spouseOf Kapiolaui, Queen of Hawaii, 1834-1899. person
sibling of Leleiōhoku, William Pitt, 1854-1877 person
sibling of Liliuokalani, Queen of Hawaii, 1838-1917 person
correspondedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882 person
associatedWith Lunalilo, King of Hawaii, 1835-1874 person
associatedWith Marumoto, Masaji. person
associatedWith Monterey Public Library. California History Room. corporateBody
associatedWith Stevenson, Robert Louis, 1850-1894. person
associatedWith Upton, Cornelia A. person
associatedWith Wilder, Samuel Gardner, 1831-1888. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Hawaii HI US
Honolulu HI US
San Francisco CA US
Military officers


Birth 1836-11-16

Death 1891-01-20




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