Crazy Horse, approximately 1842-1877

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Crazy Horse (b. approximetly 1840-d. September 5, 1877) was a Native American war leader of the Oglala Lakota in the 19th century. He took up arms against the United States government to fight against encroachment by white American settlers on Indian territory and to preserve the traditional way of life of the Lakota people. His participation in several famous battles of the American Indian Wars on the northern Great Plains, among them the Fetterman massacre in 1866, in which he acted as a decoy, and the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876, in which he led a war party to victory, earned him great respect from both his enemies and his own people.

In September 1877, four months after surrendering to U.S. troops under General George Crook, Crazy Horse was fatally wounded by a bayonet-wielding military guard.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn United States. War Dept. United States War Department correspondence and records regarding Indian affairs and activities with Indian nations, 1798-1874. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Charles Kuralt Collection, 1935-1997 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Baird, George William, 1839-1906. George William Baird papers, 1877-1899. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Ellison, Robert Spurrier. Papers, 1865-1925. Brigham Young University, Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Frey Family Papers, 1793-1917 (bulk 1825-1890) @ 2011 New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Ellison, Robert Spurrier. Papers, 1833-1951. American Primers
referencedIn Lemon, Cal. Letters, 1968 Sept. 24 & Oct.14 h manuscript Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn United States War Department correspondence and records regarding Indian affairs and activities with Indian nations, 1798-1874. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. 1793 - 1999. Copies of Letters Sent
referencedIn Monohan, Deane, 1836-. Dictation from Deane Monohan : Cheyenne, Wyoming, 1885. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn School Histories, 1934 - 1942 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Telegram from Colonel Bradley to Lieutenant General Philip Sheridan Reporting the Arrest and Death of Crazy Horse United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Chase, George F. The George F. Chase papers, 1867-1901. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Burnside, Raymond Alexander, 1892-1957. Raymond A. Burnside papers. State Historical Society of Iowa, Library
referencedIn Huntington Free Library. Native American biography vertical file [ca.1850-2000.]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn United States. War Dept. Correspondence, 1811-1913, 1811-1882 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Library. Biography file--Indians, 1914-1984. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn DeWall, Robb, 1939-. Crazy-Horse chronicles : log of writing the Korczak Ziolkowski biography and the Crazy Horse Memorial project), 1975-1998. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Felton, William G. Life and adventures of Captain William G. Felton, California Bill, 1886. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn McGillycuddy, Julia B. (Julia Blanchard). McGillycuddy, agent / by Julia Mcgillycuddy, [ca. 1940]. Newberry Library
referencedIn Carroll, John M. (John Melvin), 1928-. Galley proof for the Eleanor H. Hinman interviews on the life and death of Crazy Horse, 1976. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Mari Sandoz Collection, 1864-1976 (bulk 1931-1966) University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library
referencedIn Custer Battlefield Historical and Museum Association. Crazy Horse poster, ca. 2008. State Historical Society of North Dakota State Archives
referencedIn Brennan, John R., 1848-1919. Papers, 1879-1919 (bulk 1900-1917). South Dakota State Archives
referencedIn Accounts and publications about Indians, 1934-1938. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. 1793 - 1999. Letters Received
referencedIn Frye family. Frey family papers, 1793-1917 (bulk 1825-1890). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Robert Spurrier Ellison papers, 1865-1925 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Watson, Elmo Scott, 1892-1951. Elmo Scott Watson papers, 1816-1951 bulk 1920-1951. Newberry Library
referencedIn Baird, George William, 1839-1906. Indian campaigning with General Miles in Montana. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Linabury, Frank,. Frank Linabury collection on George Custer and the Battle of the Little Bighorn 1880-1951 (bulk1920-1930.). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Schenkkan, Robert, 1953-. Crazy horse : an original screenplay / by Robert Schenkkan. Texas State University-San Marcos, Albert B. Alkek Library
referencedIn Roeder, Arthur, Mrs.,. Accounts and publications about Indians, 1934-1938. Cornell University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Arthur, Roeder person
associatedWith Baird, George William, 1839-1906. person
associatedWith Brennan, John R., 1848-1919. person
associatedWith Burnside, Raymond Alexander, 1892-1957. person
associatedWith Carroll, John M. (John Melvin), 1928- person
associatedWith Chase, George F. person
associatedWith DeWall, Robb, 1939- person
associatedWith Ellison, Robert Spurrier. person
associatedWith Ellison, Robert Spurrier. person
associatedWith Felton, William G. person
associatedWith Frye family. family
associatedWith Huntington Free Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Kuralt, Charles, 1934-1997 person
associatedWith Lemon, Cal. person
associatedWith Linabury, Frank, person
associatedWith McGillycuddy, Julia B. (Julia Blanchard) person
associatedWith Monohan, Deane, 1836- person
associatedWith Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Roeder, Arthur, Mrs., person
associatedWith Sandoz, Mari, 1896-1966 person
associatedWith Schenkkan, Robert, 1953- person
associatedWith United States. War Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Watson, Elmo Scott, 1892-1951. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1842

Death 1877-09-05

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 53829140