Vance, Zebulon Baird, 1830-1894

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Confederate general; governor of North Carolina, and U.S. senator.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [Washington], to William F. Vilas, 1888 May 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270574072

Confederate Army officer, governor of North Carolina, and U.S. senator from North Carolina.

From the description of Papers, 1857-1893. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20460648

Zebulon Baird Vance, a native of Buncombe County, N.C., was governor of North Carolina, 1862-1865 and 1877-1879, and United States senator, 1879-1894.

From the description of Zebulon Baird Vance papers, 1824-1915. (Oceanside Free Library). WorldCat record id: 26319956

Governor of North Carolina.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Raleigh, to an unidentified correspondent, 1878 Dec. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270574069

Zebulon Baird Vance was born in Buncombe County, N.C., on 13 May 1830, one of seven children born to Margaret Baird (1802-1878), daughter of Hannah (Erwin) and Zebulon Baird, and David Vance (1792-1884), son of Priscilla (Brank) and David Vance. He attended Washington College and the University of North Carolina, where he earned a law degree. In 1853, Vance married Harriet Newell Espy (1832-1878), called Hattie. She was the only child of Mary Louisa (Tate) and Thomas Espy. Harriet and Zebulon Vance had five sons, one of whom died in infancy. In 1880, after Hattie's death, Vance married Florence Steele Martin, a widow with one son.

At 24, Vance ran for and won a seat in the North Carolina State House of Commons; in 1856, he was defeated in bids for State Senate and Congress, but was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1858. As a supporter of the Union and states rights, he resigned his position when North Carolina appeared to be leaning toward secession.

During the Civil War, Vance was a captain in the 14th North Carolina Infantry Regiment and a colonel in the 26th North Carolina Infantry Regiment. In 1862, he was elected governor of North Carolina, where his efforts on the behalf of his constituents earned him the nickname War Governor of the South. He was reelected in 1864, arrested by Federal troops in 1865, and later returned to the practice of law. In 1870, the state legislature elected him to the United States Senate, but since he was still under parole, he could not serve. He was reelected as governor in 1876 and United States Senator in 1879, in which capacity he served until his death on 14 April 1894.

From the guide to the Zebulon Baird Vance Papers, 1824-1915, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Murph, Daniel W., d. 1864. Correspondence, 1861-1864. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Noah Deaton papers, Deaton, Noah papers, 1862-1864 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Lanman, Charles, 1819-1895. Charles Lanman papers, 1858-1859; 1868 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Avery Family of North Carolina Papers, 1777-1890, 1906 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Merrimon, Augustus Summerfield, 1830-1892. Augustus Summerfield Merrimon papers, 1850-1868 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Paris, John, 1809-1883. John Paris papers, 1839-1883, 1930 [manuscript]. East Carolina University, Joyner Library
creatorOf Barron, Samuel, 1765-1810. Papers, 1793-1942. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Pickett, George E. (George Edward), 1825-1875. Civil War letters of Gen. George Edward Pickett, 1863-1864. Navarro College
referencedIn Photographic Portrait File The Huntington Library
creatorOf Vance, Zebulon Baird, 1830-1894. The papers of Zebulon Vance, 1851-1894 [microform] / edited by Gordon McKinney and Richard McMurry. Library of Congress
referencedIn Southern Folklife Collection moving image materials, 1972-1989. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Ransom, Matt W. (Matt Whitaker), 1826-1904. Matt W. Ransom papers, 1845-1914 (bulk 1868-1904). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Seddon, James A. Papers, 1862-1865. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Dula, A. J. Reminscences, 1908. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867,. Lee family papers [microform] 1652 [1769-1870] 1890. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Spencer, Cornelia Phillips, 1825-1908. Cornelia Phillips Spencer papers, 1833-1975 (bulk 1839-1942). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Robins, Marmaduke Swaim, 1827-1905. Marmaduke Swaim Robins papers, 1825-1887; 1900-1903 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Scales, Alfred M. (Alfred Moore), 1827-1892. Alfred M. Scales papers, 1864 [manuscript]. East Carolina University, Joyner Library
referencedIn Campbell Family Papers, 1781-1938 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Vance, Robert B. (Robert Brank), 1828-1899. Robert B. Vance correspondence, 1863 October 9. Library of Congress
creatorOf Norris, James Lawson. Papers, 1887-1907. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Miller, Felix. Felix Miller papers, 1797-1865 [manuscript]. East Carolina University, Joyner Library
referencedIn Cohen family, papers, 1841-1913 American Jewish Historical Society Archives
referencedIn Dickson, William G., 1775-1855. William G. Dickson papers, 1767-1920 (bulk 1815-1895). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Walkup, Samuel H. Journal, 1862-1865. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn North Carolina. Treasury Department. Bond to Harry Clench for one thousand dollars, 1863 January 1. American Primers
referencedIn Davidson, John Mitchell, 1829-1917. John Mitchell Davidson papers, 1851-1960 [microform]. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Snead, Thomas D. Papers, 1856-1871. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Kingsbury, Theodore Bryant, 1828-1913. Theodore Bryant Kinsbury papers, 1840-1915. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Pearson family. Pearson family papers, 1875-1930. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Rountree, George, 1855-1942. George Rountree papers, 1921-1925 [manuscript]. East Carolina University, Joyner Library
referencedIn Singleton, J. R., Mrs. North Carolina's war governor, Zebulon Baird Vance / Mrs. J.R. Singleton. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part II: The Civil War and the Confederacy, 1832-1915. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Boggan, John Albert. Papers, 1794-1947. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Cain, Patrick H. Papers, 1783-1940. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Artus Moser Papers, 1921-1988 Southern Folklife Collection
referencedIn Grimes-Bryan papers, 1808-1924 [manuscript]. East Carolina University, Joyner Library
referencedIn Battle, Jane Hyde Hall Liddell, 1866-1952,. Jane Hyde Hall Liddell Battle papers, 1693-1930. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Hill, Joel Edgar. Correspondence, 1872-1910; (Bulk 1889-1903). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Vance, Zebulon Baird, 1830-1894. Zebulon Baird Vance papers, 1824-1915. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Shotwell family. Shotwell family papers, 1829-1930 (bulk 1829-1887) [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Wootten, Moulton, and Clarke Family Papers, 1766-1960 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Morrison, Theodore Davidson,. Theodore Davidson Morrison papers, 1843-1896 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Wilfong, John. Papers, 1809-1903. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Graham, William A. (William Alexander), 1804-1875. William A. Graham papers, 1750-1940. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Broadus, John Albert, 1827-1895. Letters to the Rev. Broadus [microform] 1850-94. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Jarratt family. Jarratt-Puryear family papers, 1807-1918 ; (bulk 1843-1879). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Thomas Ruffin Papers, 1753-1898 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Benning, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1814-1875. Henry L. Benning, papers, 1818-1897 (bulk 1862-1863). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Russell, Phillips, 1884-1974. Hooraw for Vance! / by Philips Russell. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Vance, Zebulon Baird, 1830-1894. Autograph letter signed : [Washington], to William F. Vilas, 1888 May 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Dula, A. J. Reminiscences, 1908. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Hunter, Charles N., ca. 1851-1931. Charles N. Hunter Papers, 1850s-1932 and undated. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Zebulon Baird Vance Papers, 1824-1915 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf Vance, Zebulon Baird, 1830-1894. Papers, 1857-1893. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Ingram, Charles Marshall. Zeb Vance, orator of North Carolina / by Charles M. Ingram. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Clarke, William J. (William John), 1819-1886. William J. Clarke papers, 1838-1881 (bulk 1850-1880). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Magrath, A. G. (Andrew Gordon), 1813-1893. Andrew Gordon Magrath correspondence, 1864-1865. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
referencedIn Worth family. Papers, 1844-1955. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Moore, Blount, and Cowper family papers, 1789-1990. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Allison, Elizabeth Beatty. Letters, 1866-1969. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous pictures, 19th and 20th centuries. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Barnes, David A. (David Alexander), 1819-1892. David A. Barnes papers, 1806-1892 (bulk 1850-1890). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Branch, Lawrence O'Bryan, 1820-1862. Papers of Lawrence O'Bryan Branch [manuscript], 1840-1913. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Smith, Charles Lee, 1865-1951. Hoch family collection : Charles Lee Smith papers, 1774-1951. North Carolina Division of Archives & Hist
referencedIn Pitts, Philip Henry, 1814-1884. Philip Henry Pitts papers, 1814-1884 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Vance, Zebulon Baird, 1830-1894. The papers of Zebulon Vance, 1851-1894 [microform] / edited by Gordon McKinney and Richard McMurry. Library of Congress
referencedIn Davidson, John Mitchell, 1829-1917. John Mitchell Davidson papers, 1851-1863 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Vance, Zebulon Baird, 1830-1894. Autograph letter signed : Raleigh, to an unidentified correspondent, 1878 Dec. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Gudger and Love family papers, 1879, undated [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Walkup, Samuel H. Journal, 1862-1865. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Hoke, William Alexander, 1851-1925. William Alexander Hoke papers, 1750-1925. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Gardner, Caroline. Papers, 1857-1864. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Moore and Gatling Law Firm (Raleigh, N.C.). Moore and Gatling Law Firm papers, 1788-1921 (bulk 1853-1888) [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Edmund Walter Jones Papers, 1789-1917 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part II: The Civil War and the Confederacy, 1832-1915. Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Allison, Elizabeth Beatty. person
associatedWith Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Avery family. family
associatedWith Barnes, David A. (David Alexander), 1819-1892. person
associatedWith Barron, Samuel, 1765-1810. person
associatedWith Battle, Jane Hyde Hall Liddell, 1866-1952, person
associatedWith Battle, Kemp P. (Kemp Plummer), 1831-1919. person
associatedWith Benning, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1814-1875. person
associatedWith Boggan, John Albert. person
associatedWith Branch, Lawrence O'Bryan, 1820-1862. person
associatedWith Broadus, John Albert, 1827-1895. person
associatedWith Cain, Patrick H. person
associatedWith Caldwell, David Frank. person
associatedWith Campbell family family
associatedWith Chatham Railroad. corporateBody
correspondedWith Clarke family. family
associatedWith Clarke, William J. (William John), 1819-1886. person
associatedWith Cohen family family
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Infantry Regiment, 11th. corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Infantry Regiment, 26th. corporateBody
associatedWith Davidson, John Mitchell, 1829-1917. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Deaton, Noah, 1838-1922 person
associatedWith Democratic Party (N.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Dickson, William G., 1775-1855. person
associatedWith Duke University. corporateBody
associatedWith Dula, A. J. person
associatedWith Gardner, Caroline. person
associatedWith Graham, William A. (William Alexander), 1804-1875. person
associatedWith Hill, Joel Edgar. person
associatedWith Hoke, William Alexander, 1851-1925. person
associatedWith Hunter, Charles N., ca. 1851-1931. person
associatedWith Ingram, Charles Marshall. person
associatedWith Jarvis, Thomas Jordan, 1836-1915. person
associatedWith Jellico Mining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Jones, Edmund Walter, 1811-1876 person
associatedWith Kingsbury, Theodore Bryant, 1828-1913. person
associatedWith Lanman, Charles, 1819-1895. person
associatedWith Magrath, A. G. (Andrew Gordon), 1813-1893. person
associatedWith McKinney, Gordon B., 1943- person
associatedWith McMurry, Richard M. person
associatedWith Merrimon, Augustus Summerfield, 1830-1892. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Miller, Felix. person
associatedWith Mitchell, Elisha, 1793-1857. person
associatedWith Moore and Gatling Law Firm (Raleigh, N.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Morrison, Theodore Davidson, person
associatedWith Moser, Artus. person
correspondedWith Moulton family. family
associatedWith Murph, Daniel W., d. 1864. person
associatedWith Norris, James Lawson. person
associatedWith North Carolina. Division of Archives and History. corporateBody
associatedWith North Carolina Farmers' Alliance. corporateBody
associatedWith North Carolina. Treasury Department. corporateBody
associatedWith Paris, John, 1809-1883. person
associatedWith Pearson family. family
correspondedWith Pickett, George E. (George Edward), 1825-1875. person
associatedWith Pitts, Philip Henry, 1814-1884. person
associatedWith Ransom, Matt W. (Matt Whitaker), 1826-1904. person
associatedWith Robins, Marmaduke Swaim, 1827-1905. person
correspondedWith Rountree, George, 1855-1942. person
associatedWith Ruffin, Thomas, 1787-1870 person
associatedWith Russell, Phillips, 1884-1974. person
correspondedWith Scales, Alfred M. (Alfred Moore), 1827-1892. person
associatedWith Seddon, James A. person
associatedWith Shotwell family. family
associatedWith Singleton, J. R., Mrs. person
associatedWith Snead, Thomas D. person
associatedWith Spencer, Cornelia Phillips, 1825-1908. person
associatedWith United States. Congress corporateBody
associatedWith University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith University Publications of America (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Vance, Charles N. person
associatedWith Vance family. family
correspondedWith Vance, Robert B. (Robert Brank), 1828-1899. person
associatedWith Vilas, William Freeman, 1840-1908, person
associatedWith Walkup, Samuel H. person
associatedWith Western North Carolina Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilfong, John. person
correspondedWith Wootten family. family
associatedWith Worth family. family
associatedWith Young, Robert Anderson, 1824-1902. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Buncombe County (N.C.)
North Carolina
North Carolina
Confederate States of America
Mitchell, Mount (N.C. : Mountain)
Southern States
Law and legislation--North Carolina
Confederate States of America
Southern States
North Carolina
Danville (Va.)
Mecklenburg County (N.C.)
Virginia
North Carolina
Confederate States of America
United States
Subject
Families--Social life and customs
Patronage, Political--History--19th century
Railroads--Finance
Educational law and legislation--History--19th century
Governors--History--19th century
Lumber trade--History--19th century
Tariff--Law and legislation
Real property--History--19th century
Real estate investment--History--19th century
Railroads
Taxation--Law and legislation
Silver question
Reconstruction--Sources
Governor
Nickel mines and mining--History--19th century
Legislators--History--19th century
Railroads--History--19th century
Soldiers--Correspondence
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1830-05-13

Death 1894-04-14

Americans

English

Information

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