Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788

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English preacher; brother of John Wesley.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Marybone, to Robert Windsor, 1785 Apr. 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270587853

Charles Wesley, an English clergyman, poet, and hymn writer, was born at Epworth, Lincolnshire, England, on December 18, 1707. He was the youngest son of Samuel and Susanna Wesley and the brother of John Wesley.

In 1726 he entered Christ Church College, Oxford. During his time there he formed the Holy Club, a group dedicated to a methodical approach to Bible study and charitable works. The group, later taken over by John Wesley, was ridiculed and derisively referred to as the "Methodists." In 1735 Charles was ordained an Anglican priest and, at John's insistence, sailed with him to the colony of Georgia. Once there he became private secretary to General James Oglethorpe. Charles returned to England in 1736 because of health problems and his inability to carry out his assigned duties.

Wesley experienced a religious conversion in 1738 and began preaching in London churches. His evangelical style angered church officials, and by 1739 he was barred from the pulpit. For the next ten years Charles was an itinerate preacher and traveled constantly with his brother John. Following his marriage to Sarah Gwynn in 1749 he stopped traveling and spent his time overseeing Methodist places of worship in London. Charles remained faithful to the Church of England and was outraged when John began ordaining preachers for service in Scotland and America.

Charles Wesley's most significant contribution was in his hymns. He published more than 4,500 hymns and left some 3,000 in manuscript. Among his best known hymns are "Love divine, all loves excelling"; "Hark the herald angels sing" and "Rejoice the Lord is king." He died in London on March 29, 1788.

From the description of Charles Wesley psalms, circa 1750. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122583768

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Letter : to Samuel Lloyd, 14 Aug 1766. Bridwell Library
referencedIn Wesley, John, 1703-1791. Letters of John Wesley, 1748-1818. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Marsh, Simeon Butler, 1798-1875. Jesus, lover of my soul : voice, violin, organ / Simeon B. Marsh, 1834 ; arr. M.G. Chashoudian University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Letter : Bristol, to Samuel Lloyd, 21 Dec 1768. Bridwell Library
creatorOf Wesley, John, 1703-1791. Collection on John Wesley, 1738-1791. Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Letter : to Samuel Lloyd, 2 Mar 1760. Bridwell Library
referencedIn Donald Hyde and Mary Hyde Eccles Autograph Collection, 1505-1957 (inclusive), 1702-1854 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. "A selection of hymns, / compos'd by C.W. with one by the late D:r Boyce", n.d. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Letter : to Sarah Wesley, 28 June 1758. Bridwell Library
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1805-1844. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Collection of Wesleyana artifacts, circa 1745-1988. Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology
referencedIn Perronet family. Papers, 1752-1855. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Garrick, David, 1717-1779. On Wheatly the methodist preacher being found guilty of adultery etc. at Norwich and the Westly's immediately and publickly renouncing him [manuscript], [1756?]. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Boswell family papers, 1729-1822. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Boswell's Life of Johnson : including Boswell's Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into North Wales, edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1464-1897 (inclusive), 1724-1874 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Carter, Elizabeth, 1717-1806. [Poetical miscellany] University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf MS Mus. 1528. Correspondence R–Y, unidentified correspondents and miscellaneous papers (ff. 1-246); – receipts of payment for royal performances, 1867-1873 (ff. 247-276); – warrants for the employment of Cusins as trumpeter and musician in Ordinary ... British Library
referencedIn Margaret Davis Cate Papers, 1591-1967. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Wesley, John, 1703-1791. John Wesley family papers, 1734-1864. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Wesley Historical Society Library, 18th century onwards Oxford Brookes University Library and the Wesley and Methodist Studies Centre (WMSC), both at the Harcourt Hill Campus
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Letter : to William Russel, 21 Dec 1778. Bridwell Library
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Diary [microform]. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Jones, Joseph Henry, 1893-1980. Joseph Henry Jones papers, circa 1940-1975. Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology
referencedIn [Hymnal], 1784. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Autograph letter signed : Marybone, to Robert Windsor, 1785 Apr. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Wesley family. Papers, 1726-1860. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Autograph letter signed : to Will Russel, Sept. [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Brown, Bertram Erwin, b.1871. Pickett's, History of Alabama and incidentally of Georgia and Mississippi: scrapbooks, [188-?-]-[ca.1919]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Turton, John, fl. 1759. A book of hymns and spiritual songs : compos'd for the comfort of God's children by Mr. Edwards, Mr. Westly's, Mr. Dracupp, Mr. Hamonds, Mr. Watts, etc. with several others / written by John Turton, Aug. 2, 1759. Bridwell Library
creatorOf Huss, Henry Holden, 1862-1953. Jesus, thou source of calm repose : sacred song for high voice / hymn by Charles Wesley ; music by Henry Holden Huss. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Samuel Johnson letters, 1731-1784. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Letter : to Samuel Lloyd, 12, 13 Aug 1766. Bridwell Library
referencedIn Bangs, Carl, 1922-. A Biblical and faithful theology / by Carl Bangs. Point Loma Nazarene University Library, Ryan Library
creatorOf Ingoldsby, Thomas, 1788-1845,. Letters from various correspondents, 1805-1844. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Locker-Lampson, Warburg, Grimson autograph album, 1552-1890. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Wilcox, Glenn C., 1927-. Glenn C. Wilcox American tunebooks, 1843,undated. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Charles Wesley psalms, circa 1750. Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Letter : to Samuel Lloyd, 22 Mar 1768. Bridwell Library
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Letter : to Samuel Lloyd, 22 Feb 1755. Bridwell Library
creatorOf Wesley family. Papers, 1751-1889. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Letter : Truro, to Samuel Walker, 21 Aug 1756. Bridwell Library
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Letter : London, to Samuel Lloyd, 6 June 1751. Bridwell Library
referencedIn Hendrix, Eugene Russell, Bp., 1847-1927. Papers, 1764-1914. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Letter : to Samuel Lloyd, 12, 13 Aug 1766. Bridwell Library
referencedIn English-language manuscript verse in the Houghton Library: First-line index, ca. 1000-ca. 1820. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Wesley, Charles, 1707-1788. Letter : to Brian Bury Collins, 12 Nov 1782. Bridwell Library
referencedIn John Wesley collection, 1782-1938, (bulk 1889-1902). Billy Graham Center Archives, BGC Archives
referencedIn [Commonplace book], [ca. 1836-1840]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Bangs, Carl, 1922- person
correspondedWith Boswell family. family
correspondedWith Boswell, James, 1740-1795 person
associatedWith Brown, Bertram Erwin, b.1871. person
associatedWith Collins, Bryan Bury, 1753 or 4-1799. person
associatedWith Garrick, David, 1717-1779. person
associatedWith Hendrix, Eugene Russell, Bp., 1847-1927. person
associatedWith Huss, Henry Holden, 1862-1953. person
associatedWith Ingoldsby, Thomas, 1788-1845 person
associatedWith Ingoldsby, Thomas, 1788-1845, person
associatedWith Jackson, Thomas, 1783-1873. person
correspondedWith Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784 person
associatedWith Jones, Joseph Henry, 1893-1980. person
associatedWith Lloyd, Samuel. person
associatedWith Locker-Lampson, Frederick, 1821-1895 person
associatedWith Marsh, Simeon Butler, 1798-1875. person
associatedWith Perronet, Edward, 1721-1792. person
associatedWith Perronet family. family
associatedWith Russel, Will, person
associatedWith Russel, William. person
associatedWith Turton, John, fl. 1759. person
associatedWith Walker, Samuel, 1714-1761. person
associatedWith Wesley family. family
associatedWith Wesley family. family
associatedWith Wesley Historical Society Library corporateBody
associatedWith Wesley, John, 1703-1791. person
associatedWith Wesley, Sarah, 1759-1828. person
associatedWith Wilcox, Glenn C., 1927- person
associatedWith Windsor, Robert, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Methodist Church--Clergy--Diaries
Religious poetry, English--18th century
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1707-12-18

Death 1788-03-29

Britons

English

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