Schneemann, Carolee, 1939-

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Carolee Schneemann actively engaged in performance art, experimental film-making, the Fluxus movement and feminist theory in the 1960s-1970s. The artist is best known for the provocative use of her nude body to explore personal expression, sexual taboos and feminism in both multi-media performances and solo improvisational work. Born in 1939, Schneemann studied painting at the University of Illinois and Bennington College in the late-1950s. Her performance work evolved out of a desire to express more than she could within the confines of her paintings, and retains some of the gestural qualities of abstract expressionism and the cluttered look of assemblage. In addition to choreographing her own scripts, Schneemann participated in some of the most influential events of the 1960s, including: Philip Corner's "An Environment for Sound and Motion" at the Living Theater (1962), Claes Oldenburg's "Store Days" (1962), Robert Rauschenberg's theater experiments, Robert Morris' "Site" (1964), and in Fluxus concerts.

Schneemann has made many films, some of an experimental nature and others which document her performances. "Fuses" (1964-67), her most notorious film, presents a woman's perspective of intimacy and eroticism. The film was edited for two years, during which time Schneemann burned, scratched, painted, glued, and layered its images to create a fluid sense of sexuality. In the 1970s, Schneemann conducted research on earth goddesses and ancient mythology in search of female power structures. She realized that a certain component of her work had always explored these themes, such as the use of snakes in "Eye Body" (1963). Schneemann's studies permeate her writings, and she has taught classes on feminist art and theory. Since the mid-1970s, Schneemann has performed infrequently, preferring instead to concentrate on painting, exhibiting, lecturing and teaching.

From the guide to the Carolee Schneemann papers, 1959-1994, (Getty Research Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Schneemann, Carolee. PAD/D pamphlet file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Chicago, Judy, 1939-. Oral history interview with Judy Chicago, 2009 Aug. 7-8. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Schneemann, Carolee. Schneemann, Carolee : [photography bio file]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Inventory to the Mary H. Dana Women Artists Series Archives, 1971-[ongoing] Rutgers University Libraries, Margery Somers Foster Center
creatorOf Schneemann, Carolee. [Programs, announcements, etc.] New York Public Libraries for the Performing Arts, Dance Collection
referencedIn Inventory to the Mary H. Dana Women Artists Series Archives, 1971-[ongoing] Rutgers University Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives, Miriam Schapiro Archives on Women Artists
referencedIn Serious Business Company records, 1965-1983, bulk 1972-1983 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Judson Memorial Church Oral History Archive, 2008 Fales Library & Special Collections
creatorOf Schneemann, Carolee, 1939-. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Schneemann, Carolee, 1939- : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Papers of Betty Friedan, 1933-1985 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Larry Fagin Papers., n.d., 1958-1977. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn High performance. High performance magazine records 1953-2003. Getty Research Library
referencedIn Willie Varela Papers, ca. 1960-1995 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn High Performance magazine records, 1953-2005 Getty Research Institute, Research Library
creatorOf Schneeman, Carolee, 1939-. [Performance and poetry reading, April 11, 1997 [sound recording] / Carolee Schneemann]. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Canyon Cinema Records, ca. 1961-2009 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Women Art Revolution : videotape interviews by Lynn Hershman-Leeson for film, 1990-2008, 1990-2008 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Lippard, Lucy R. Oral history interview with Lucy Lippard, 2011 Mar. 15. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Hershman-Leeson, Lynn, 1941-. Women art revolution : videotape interviews by Lynn Hershman-Leeson for film, 1990-2008. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf SCHNEEMANN, CAROLEE, 1939-. Franklin Furnace artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
referencedIn Knowles, Alison, 1933-. Oral history interview with Alison Knowles, 2010 June 1-2. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Wodening, Jane, 1936-. Jane Wodening and Stan Brakhage scrapbooks, 1958-1967. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Schneemann, Carolee, 1939-. Oral history interview with Carolee Schneemann, 2009 Mar. 1. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Carolee Schneemann papers, 1959-1994 Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Schneemann, Carolee, 1939-. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
referencedIn Olivia Mattis Collection, 1988-1990 Archive of Recorded Sound
referencedIn Varela, Willie. Willie Varela papers, ca. 1960-1995. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Serious Business Company. Serious Business Company records, 1965-1983 (bulk 1972-1983). UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Patty Mucha Papers, Bulk, 1969-1979, 1954-2011 Fales Library & Special Collections
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Andersen, Eric person
associatedWith Andersen, Eric. person
associatedWith Ay-o, 1931- person
associatedWith Ay-o, 1931- person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Bard College corporateBody
associatedWith Bartlett, Freude person
associatedWith Bergé, Carol. person
associatedWith Bergé, Carol person
correspondedWith Betty Friedan person
associatedWith Brakhage, Stan person
associatedWith Brakhage, Stan. person
associatedWith Burns, Gerald person
associatedWith Burns, Gerald. person
associatedWith Chicago, Judy, 1939- person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Columbia University corporateBody
associatedWith Constantinides, Kathy, 1936- person
associatedWith Constantinides, Kathy, 1936- person
associatedWith Copp, Fletcher person
associatedWith Copp, Fletcher. person
associatedWith Corner, Philip person
associatedWith Corner, Philip. person
associatedWith Eshleman, Clayton person
associatedWith Eshleman, Clayton. person
correspondedWith Fagin, Larry. person
associatedWith Fluxus (Group of artists) corporateBody
associatedWith Friedman, Ken, 1949- person
associatedWith Friedman, Ken, 1949- person
associatedWith Giorno, John person
associatedWith Giorno, John. person
honoredBy Guggenheim Fellowship. corporateBody
associatedWith Hendricks, Bici person
associatedWith Hendricks, Bici. person
associatedWith Hendricks, Geoffrey person
associatedWith Hendricks, Geoffrey. person
associatedWith Hershman-Leeson, Lynn, 1941- person
associatedWith Higgins, Dick, 1938- person
associatedWith Higgins, Dick, 1938-1998. person
associatedWith High performance. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Ray person
associatedWith Johnson, Ray. person
associatedWith Kane, Henry. person
associatedWith Kaprow, Allan person
associatedWith Kaprow, Allan. person
associatedWith Knowles, Alison, 1933- person
associatedWith Kultermann, Udo person
associatedWith Kultermann, Udo. person
associatedWith Lebel, Jean Jacques person
associatedWith Lebel, Jean Jacques. person
associatedWith Lerner & Turner person
associatedWith Lerner & Turner. person
associatedWith Lippard, Lucy R. person
associatedWith Malloy, Judy person
associatedWith Malloy, Judy, 1942- person
associatedWith Mary H. Dana Women Artists Series corporateBody
associatedWith Mattis, Olivia person
associatedWith McCall, Anthony D. person
associatedWith McCall, Anthony D. person
associatedWith McPherson, Bruce R. (Bruce Rice) person
associatedWith McPherson, Bruce R. (Bruce Rice), 1951- person
associatedWith Moore, Peter, 1932-1993 person
associatedWith Moore, Peter, 1932-1993. person
associatedWith Moorman, Charlotte person
associatedWith Moorman, Charlotte. person
honoredBy National Endowment for the Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Oldenburg, Claes, 1929- person
associatedWith Oldenburg, Claes, 1929- person
associatedWith Richards, Judith Olch person
associatedWith Rogala, Miroslaw person
associatedWith Rogala, Miroslaw. person
associatedWith Rothenberg, Jerome, 1931- person
associatedWith Rothenberg, Jerome, 1931- person
associatedWith Sayre, Henry M., 1948- person
associatedWith Sayre, Henry M., 1948- person
associatedWith Serious Business Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sondheim, Alan person
associatedWith Sondheim, Alan. person
associatedWith Tenney, James person
associatedWith Tillman, Lynne person
associatedWith Tillman, Lynne. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign campus). College of Fine and Applied Arts corporateBody
associatedWith Varela, Willie. person
associatedWith Varela, Willie. person
associatedWith Varèse, Edgard, 1883-1965. person
associatedWith Varèse, Edgard, 1883-1965 person
associatedWith Vostell, Wolf, 1932- person
associatedWith Vostell, Wolf, 1932-1998. person
associatedWith Wikarska, Carol person
associatedWith Wikarska, Carol. person
associatedWith Wodening, Jane, 1936- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York City NY US
Illinois IL US
Subject
Sex in art
Censorship in art--United States
Painters
body art
Photographers
Performance art
Dreams in art
Fluxus (Group of artists)
Performance art--United States
Happening (Art)
Feminism and art
Performance artists
Experimental films--United States
Experimental films
Occupation
Photographers
Filmmaker
Performance artists
Artists, American
Function

Person

Birth 1939

Birth 1939-10-12

Female

Americans

English

Information

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