Eshleman, Clayton

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Clayton Eshleman was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, in 1935. He earned a B.A. in philosophy and an M.A. in creative writing, both from Indiana University. He is the author of numerous collections of poetry and prose, including Under World Arrest (1994), Companion Spider (2002), An Alchemist with One Eye on the Fire (2006), and Reciprocal Distillations (2007), and has translated the work of César Vallejo and Aimé Césaire, among others. He founded and edited the literary magazines Caterpillar (1967-1973) and Sulfur (1981-2000).

From the guide to the Clayton Eshleman papers, circa 1990-2008, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Twenty issues of Caterpillar appeared between 1967 and 1973. It was published in New York and later in Sheman Oaks, Ca. In 1971, the magazine was anthologized by Doubleday-Anchor as: 'A Caterpillar Anthology.' Caterpillar has been regarded as one of the seminal literary magazines of its period. Containing what Hayden Carruth calls, "the best cross section we have of the Black Mountain movement from 1967 to 1971." Caterpillar's editor, Clayton Eshleman, is an established poet and also editor of the literary magazine: Sulfur.

From the guide to the Caterpillar Archive, ca.1957-1987, (© 2012 Fales Library and Special Collections)

Contemporary American poet, translator, critic, teacher, and editor. Eshleman has published more than 10 volumes of poetry and has translated the work of Cesar Vallejo, Aime Cesaire, and Antonin Artaud, among others. Eshleman has also been the editor of two influential small press magazines, Caterpillar, which was published in Manhattan and Sherman Oaks, Calif. during the 1960s and early 1970s, and Sulfur, based in Southern California for most of the 1970s and 1980s and then in Eastern Michigan.

From the description of Papers, 1958-1993. (University of California, San Diego). WorldCat record id: 20533662

Clayton Eshleman was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, in 1935. He earned a B.A. in philosophy and an M.A. in creative writing, both from Indiana University. He is the author of numerous collections of poetry and prose, including An Alchemist with One Eye on the Fire (2006) and Reciprocal Distillations (2007), and has translated the work of César Vallejo and Aimé Césaire, among others. He founded and edited the literary magazines, Caterpillar (1967-1973) and Sulfur (1981-2000).

From the description of Clayton Eshleman papers, circa 1990-2008. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702158667

Biography

Born June 1, 1935, in Indianapolis, Indiana, Clayton Eshleman is the only child of Gladys and Ira Eshleman. In 1953, Eshleman declared himself a music major at the University of Indiana but switched departments several times before receiving his BA in Philosophy in 1958. For three years he travelled in Mexico and Latin America. Returning to Indiana, he married Barbara Novak in the summer of 1961. Also in 1961, Eshleman's first book of poetry, Mexico and North, was printed privately in Japan. Eshleman spent three years in Japan, teaching English and studying Asian religion. He returned briefly to the United States and then moved, in 1965, to Lima, Peru. In Lima, in 1966, his only son, Matthew, was born. Eshleman returned to New York City in 1966 and soon separated from Barbara and Matthew. Two years of Reichian therapy followed.

In 1967, Eshleman published the first issue of CATERPILLAR, a journal of contemporary writing. He published twenty issues over a period of five years, ending the journal in 1973. While editing CATERPILLAR, Eshleman published his first major work, INDIANA (Black Sparrow Press, 1969) and his first major translation, Vallejo's POEMAS HUMANOS/HUMAN POEMS (Grove Press, 1968). Also during the CATERPILLAR years, Eshleman met his second wife Caryl Reiter and moved with her to Los Angeles in 1970.

The next years were most productive. Eshleman followed INDIANA by ALTARS (1971), COILS (1973), THE GULL WALL (1975), WHAT SHE MEANS (1978), HADES IN MANGANESE (1981), FRACTURE (1983), and, in 1986, THE NAME ENCANYONED RIVER: SELECTED POEMS, 1960 - 1985. All were published by Black Sparrow Press. Eshleman's creative design was now developed fully, imparting to his work quasi-Blakean completeness. In these and later works, written after he studied cave art at Lascaux, Eshleman recovered forms of the paleolithic imagination and practiced a poetics of what he called the lower body.

Eshleman's work as a translator continued throughout this period, resulting in his second major translation of Vallejo, SPAIN TAKE THIS CUP FROM ME (with Jose Rubia Barcia, 1974). Eshleman also produced translations of Antonin Artaud and Aime Cesaire: Artaud's TO HAVE DONE WITH THE JUDGEMENT OF GOD (1975), and ARTAUD THE MOMO (1976) (both with Norman Glass), and AIME CESAIRE: THE COLLECTED POETRY (1983, with Annette Smith). Eshleman's best-recognized achievement as translator was his 1978 collaboration with Jose Rubia Barcia on Vallejo's COMPLETE POSTHUMOUS POETRY, for which Eshleman received the 1979 National Book Award for Translations.

Eshleman has continued to write poetry and criticism, which appear in numerous magazines and anthologies, as well as his own books such as ANTIPHONAL SWING (1988), HOTEL CRO-MAGNON (1989), MISTRESS SPIRIT (1989), and NOVICES (1989). He also continues to translate the work of important poets such as Michel Deguy and Pablo Neruda.

Among Eshleman's most important contributions to contemporary American letters has been the editing of SULFUR, an influential journal of contemporary writing and art. Eshleman founded SULFUR in 1981 and edited 46 issues, ending the journal in the year 2000. The journal has disseminated works of canonized modernists like Ezra Pound, William Carlos Williams, and Charles Olson, but it is best noted for transgressing boundaries separating isolated groups of American and international writers. Under Eshleman's direction, SULFUR has provided a forum for important arguments among new American writers, extending the field of new American writing to its most articulate, controversial outposts.

Clayton Eshleman has been the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship in Poetry, two National Endowment for The Arts Poetry Fellowships, and two National Endowment for The Humanities Fellowships. He has held teaching positions at the California Institute of Technology and at UCLA Extension. Presently he teaches at Eastern Michigan University.

From his interest in paleolithic and somatic experience, Eshleman has led several expeditions to the Dordogne region of France. There he conducts research on paleolithic cave art. He is also an aficionado of the region's cuisine.

A complete listing of Eshleman's publications, as well as autobiographical notes, can be found in the "Personal Papers" series of this collection.

Additional biographical information can be found at Eshleman's website hosted by the Electronic Poetry Center at State University of New York at Buffalo: http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/eshleman/eshlbio.html

From the guide to the Clayton Eshleman Papers, 1958 - 1993, (University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn John Taggart Papers, 1965-1974 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Archive for New Poetry (University of California, San Diego). Curator. Correspondence and subject files, 1974-1985. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Eshleman, Clayton. Papers, 1958-1993. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Burning Water Archive, ca. 1962-1968 Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn New American Poetry Circuit (Organization). New American Poetry Circuit records, 1969-1974. University of Connecticut, Homer Babbidge Library
referencedIn Association of American Publishers. 1979 National Book Awards 30th anniversary. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Blackburn, Paul. Papers, 1900-1971, bulk 1919-1971. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Lyn Hejinian Papers, 1966-2004 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
creatorOf Anne Waldman Papers (1945-2012, bulk 1965-2000) University of Michigan
referencedIn Padgett, Ron, 1942-. Ron Padgett papers, 1929-2008. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Martha Ronk Papers, 1983-2008 Mandeville Special Collections Library
creatorOf Pierrepont Press. Archives. Washington University in St. Louis, .
referencedIn Papers, 1927-1999 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Archive for New Poetry. Curator's Correspondence and Subject Files, 1974 - 1989 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
referencedIn Dennis Phillips Papers, 1971 - 1998 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
referencedIn 0 to 9 Archive, 1967-1969 Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, ca. 1933-1997. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Ron Padgett papers, 1929-2008 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Economou, George. George Economou papers, 1954-1996. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Alternative Press (Detroit, Michigan). [The Alternative Press collection], 1969-1992. Wayne State University
creatorOf Eshleman, Clayton. Office files of The American Poetry Review, 1972-1990. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Glauco Cambon Papers., undated, 1940-1987. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
referencedIn Pierrepont Press. Archives, 1968-1969. Washington University in St. Louis, .
referencedIn Carolee Schneemann papers, 1959-1994 Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Peters, Robert, 1924-. Robert Peters papers, 1960-2005. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Caterpillar Archive, ca.1957-1987 Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn Michael Heller papers, 1960-2010 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Eshleman, Clayton. Typescript : Mexico & North / Clayton Eshleman June 1959-Nov. 1960. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Hejinian, Lyn. Lyn Hejinian papers, 1973-1994. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Hickman, Leland. Papers, 1950-1991. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Paul Blackburn Papers, 1919 - 1971 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
creatorOf Eshleman, Clayton. Clayton Eshleman papers, circa 1990-2008. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Stephen Sandy letters from poets, 1954-1988. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Rothenberg, Jerome, 1931-. Jerome Rothenberg papers, 1944-1985. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Robert Peters Papers, 1960 - 2005 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
referencedIn Wodening, Jane, 1936-. Jane Wodening and Stan Brakhage scrapbooks, 1958-1967. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Alternative Press (Detroit, Michigan). The Alternative Press records, 1961-1998 (bulk 1970-1995). University of Michigan
referencedIn Bronk, William. William Bronk papers, 1908-1999. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn David Bromige Correspondence, 1966-1970 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
creatorOf Red Ozier Press. Red Ozier Press records, 1971-1986. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn George Economou Papers, 1954-1996. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Edward Dorn Papers., undated, 1956-1993. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
referencedIn William Bronk Papers, 1908-1999. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Heller, Michael, 1937-. Michael Heller papers, circa 1960-2010. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Eshleman Family Papers, 1890 - 1985 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
creatorOf Eshleman, Clayton. [Audio letter and poetry reading, between 1960 and 1969 [sound recording] / Clayton Eshleman...et al.]. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Ossman, David, 1936-. Tape recordings of interviews with poets and poetry readings, 1960-1970. University of Toledo, William S. Carlson Library
creatorOf Choice Magazine. Records, 1961-1970. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn June Oppen Degnan Papers, 1959-1973 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
referencedIn Hauptman, Robert, 1941-. Robert Hauptman correspondence, 1973-2004. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Wakoski, Diane. Diane Wakoski letters to John Martin, 1970-2007. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Degnan, June Oppen. Papers, 1959-1973. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Roy Harvey Pearce Papers, 1945 - 1995 Mandeville Special Collections Library
creatorOf Sherick, Michael J. Table-Talk Press Collection, 1984-1989. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
creatorOf Conjunctions. Records I, 1981-1984. State Library of Ohio
referencedIn Rochelle Owens Papers, 1900-1997 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Clayton Eshleman Papers, 1958 - 1993 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
referencedIn John Digby papers, 1963–2004, 1974–2002 University of Delaware Library - Special Collections
referencedIn Owens, Rochelle. Papers, 1900-1997. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Theodore Enslin Papers, ca. 1955-1975 Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn Enslin, Theodore. Theodore Enslin Papers, ca. 1955-1975. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn New American Poetry Circuit Records., 1969-1974. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
referencedIn Enslin, Theodore. Theodore Enslin Papers. New York University, Fales Collection
creatorOf Ronk, Martha Clare. Martha Ronk papers, 1983-2008. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Leland Hickman Papers, 1950-1991 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
creatorOf Cheuse, Alan. Papers of Alan Cheuse [manuscript], 1991-1995. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Schneemann, Carolee, 1939-. Carolee Schneemann papers, 1959-1994. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Bromige, David. Correspondence, 1963-1972. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Clayton Eshleman papers, circa 1990-2008 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn John Taggart Papers, 1962-2002 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
referencedIn Joel Oppenheimer Papers, 1925-1988. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
creatorOf Eshleman family. Eshleman Family papers, 1890-1985. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Pearce, Roy Harvey. Roy Harvey Pearce papers, 1945-1995. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Eshleman, Clayton. Under world arrest / Clayton Eshleman. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Red Ozier Press records, 1971-1986 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Lindsay Hill Papers, circa 1963 - 2008 Mandeville Special Collections Library
creatorOf Conjunctions. Records II, 1985-1987. State Library of Ohio
referencedIn Wakoski, Diane. Diane Wakoski letters to John Martin, 1970-1998. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hill, Lindsay, 1952-. Lindsay Hill papers, 1968-2007. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Rich, Adrienne Cecile. Papers, 1927-1999 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn John Wieners Papers., 1958-1986. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn Poetry mss., 1954-2002 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
creatorOf Mac Low, Jackson. Papers, 1923-1995. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Parnassus: poetry in review records, 1971-1996 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Phillips, Dennis. Papers, 1971-1998. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Camels Coming, Archive, 1965-1969 Fales Library & Special Collections
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alternative Press (Detroit, Michigan) corporateBody
associatedWith Antin, David, person
correspondedWith Archive for New Poetry (University of California, San Diego). corporateBody
associatedWith Archive for New Poetry (University of California, San Diego). Curator. corporateBody
associatedWith Armantrout, Rae, 1947- person
associatedWith Ashbery, John, person
associatedWith Association of American Publishers. corporateBody
associatedWith Auster, Paul, 1947- person
associatedWith Bernstein, Charles, 1950- person
correspondedWith Blackburn, Paul person
associatedWith Blackburn, Paul. person
correspondedWith Bromige, David person
associatedWith Bromige, David. person
associatedWith Bronk, William. person
associatedWith Brown, Norman Oliver, 1913- person
correspondedWith Cambon, Glauco. person
associatedWith Camels coming (San Francisco, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Caterpillar (Sherman Oaks, CA). corporateBody
associatedWith Cheuse, Alan. person
associatedWith Choice Magazine. corporateBody
associatedWith Conjunctions. person
associatedWith Conjunctions. corporateBody
associatedWith Coolidge, Clark, 1939- person
associatedWith Corman, Cid. person
correspondedWith Degnan, June Oppen person
associatedWith Degnan, June Oppen. person
correspondedWith DeGuy, Michel person
associatedWith DeGuy, Michel, person
associatedWith Digby, John, 1938- person
correspondedWith Dorn, Edward. person
associatedWith Duncan, Robert, 1919-1988 person
associatedWith DuPlessis, Rachel Blau, person
associatedWith Economou, George. person
associatedWith Economou, George. person
associatedWith Enslin, Theodore. person
correspondedWith Eshleman family family
associatedWith Eshleman family. family
associatedWith Hauptman, Robert, 1941- person
associatedWith Hejinian, Lyn. person
associatedWith Heller, Michael, 1937- person
associatedWith Hickman, Leland. person
associatedWith Hill, Lindsay, 1952- person
correspondedWith Howe, Fanny. person
associatedWith Howe, Fanny., person
associatedWith Howe, Susan, person
correspondedWith Howe, Susan, 1937- person
correspondedWith Jabes, Edmund person
associatedWith Jabes, Edmund, person
correspondedWith Joris, Pierre person
associatedWith Joris, Pierre, person
associatedWith Kyger, Joanne. person
associatedWith Mac Low, Jackson. person
associatedWith Modern Poetry Association corporateBody
associatedWith New American Poetry Circuit corporateBody
associatedWith New American Poetry Circuit (Organization) corporateBody
correspondedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
correspondedWith Oppenheimer, Joel person
associatedWith Ossman, David, 1936- person
associatedWith Owens, Rochelle. person
associatedWith Padgett, Ron, 1942- person
associatedWith Palmer, Michael, 1943- person
correspondedWith Parnassus: poetry in review corporateBody
associatedWith Pearce, Roy Harvey. person
associatedWith Peters, Robert, 1924-. person
correspondedWith Phillips, Dennis person
associatedWith Phillips, Dennis. person
associatedWith Pierrepont Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Pornoff, Horrah. person
associatedWith Red Ozier Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Rich, Adrienne Cecile. person
associatedWith Ronk, Martha Clare. person
associatedWith Rothenberg, Jerome, 1931- person
correspondedWith Roy Harvey Pearce Papers person
correspondedWith Sandy, Stephen, recipient. person
associatedWith Schneemann, Carolee person
associatedWith Schneemann, Carolee, 1939- person
associatedWith Sherick, Michael J. person
associatedWith Snyder, Gary, 1930- person
associatedWith Sorrentino, Gilbert person
associatedWith Synder, Gary, 1930- person
correspondedWith Taggart, John, 1942- person
associatedWith Wakoski, Diane, person
associatedWith Waldman, Anne, 1945-. person
correspondedWith Wieners, John. person
associatedWith Wodening, Jane, 1936- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Sherman Oaks (Calif.)
Subject
Poetry--Translations into English
Poetry, Modern--20th century
American literature--20th century
American poetry--21st century
American literature--21st century
Poetics--Authorship
American poetry--20th century
Poets, American--Correspondence
Poets, American--20th century
Occupation
Poets
Translator
Function

Person

Birth 1935-06-01

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6m6249x

SNAC ID: 21103765